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The Real Geographical Pivot of History - Revisited in 2014. [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2014-2-9 19:01:18 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2014-2-9 19:24

In 1904, the year that Britain broke the back of Russian power in the Far East, through its Japanese proxy, as it continues to do employ to this day in containing China and Russia, an article appeared in the Geographical Journal, written by Sir Halford Mackinder, called "The Geographical Pivot of History", which attempted to apply politics to geographical realities, arguing that the latter shapes the former over time.

This year marks the 110th anniversary of this seminal article that has influenced 20th century geopolitical thinking, lovingly referred to by its devotees as "The Great Game of Central Asia" through two world wars, or as "realpolitik" in the years of the Cold War.

The word "pivot" was brought back to life with the Obama speech in Australia that announced his planned "Pivot to Asia", but without the historical context of the term "pivot" that leaves the public with the impression that all that "pivot" means is an act, a verb, describing the transfer of military assets into Asia to confront China, when in fact, historically, "pivot" was used as a noun, describing the place on the planet's Eurasian land mass, between the Volga and the Yangtze Rivers, and between the Himalayas and the Arctic Ocean, including Tibet, Xinjiang, Mongolia, Siberia, and a huge land mass belonging to Russia.

"Pivot", the noun, is deemed by Mackinder to be the Heartland of the world, control of which bestows on the owner the potential to rule the world.

When the Tsar of Russia took the cue and began an ambitious Trans-Siberian railroad project to outflank British naval power and develop this region, he was greeted in St. Petersburg with a palace coup, aided by Bolshevik special forces, shipped from Switzerland, that surrounded his residence without any resistance from the White Army.  It was the most obvious inside job in history that was universally covered up by historians and reporters.  The facts were reported, but the truth remained hidden.

This cold, uninhabitable landscape, belonging for the most part to Russia, is eyed enviously by other world powers which need to turn China into their base and springboard in order to possess this Geopolitical Prime Estate.  China does not believe in the wild fantasies of a British colonist, and prefers the friendship of Russia to geopolitical dominance promised by possession of this region.  This has proven to be a wise decision.  Russia is now, more than ever, committed to the defense of China against incursions by its old nemesis, the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, with its creeping invasion of China, island by island, and then before you know it, province by province, to the doorsteps of the Russian Far East.

Actually, part of the world Heartland already lies within China's borders, one which has been the focus of foreign interference, namely, Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia.  Russia and China are therefore the only two countries on earth owning the Heartland of the world, with China being the junior partner.  With the decline in oil production in the Middle East, and the depletion of mineral resources in Africa, this Geograhical Pivot or Heartland of the World Island becomes the last remaining energy and mineral resource of the planet.  Consequently, Eastern Europe and Central Asia have become ever more acutely the gateway to this Heartland from the West, and Japan, emergently, from the East.

In response, therefore, to "Pivot" the verb, Xi has wisely counseled with Putin to secure their "Pivot" the noun, that may prove to be the real battlefield of the 21st century, even as Russia and Canada are in the grips of a major dispute regarding their sovereign rights over the North Pole.  This may be the Sino-Russian answer to the threat of a sea-based invasion of their Heartland.  Obviously, nobody really worries about Japan.  The Japanese are the ones who have to worry the most, because their fate under all scenarios would be dismal, as long as they cling on to the bare rocks of Diaoyudao.  If drowning men are said to grasp at straws, then dying empires will cling to barren islands, in the vain hope of reviving their fading fortunes.





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Post time 2014-2-9 19:05:01 |Display all floors
Please tell us where we can read this 110 year old article

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