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Death be not proud by John Donne 诗歌鉴赏 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2013-12-23 21:35:36 |Display all floors
This post was edited by liu5222512 at 2013-12-23 21:36

Death be not proud

by John Donne(1572-1631)


Death be not proud, though some have called thee

Mighty and dreadful, for, thou art not so,

For, those, whom thou think'st, thou dost overthrow,

Die not, poor death, nor yet canst thou kill me;


From rest and sleep, which but thy pictures be,

Much pleasure, then from thee, much more must flow,

And soonest our best men with thee do go,

Rest of their bones, and soul's delivery.



Thou art slave to fate, chance, kings, and desperate men,

And dost with poison, war, and sickness dwell,

And poppy, or charms can make us sleep as well,

And better than thy stroak; why swell'st thou then?


One short sleep past, we wake eternally,

And death shall be no more; Death, thou shalt die.

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Post time 2013-12-23 21:37:06 |Display all floors
死神,你莫骄傲

死神,你莫骄傲,尽管有人说你
如何强大,如何可怕,你并不是这样;
你以为你把谁谁谁打倒了,其实,
可怜的死神,他们没死;你现在也还杀不死我。

休息、睡眠,这些不过是你的写照,
既能给人享受,那你本人提供的一定更多;
我们最美好的人随你去得越早,
越能早日获得身体的休息,灵魂的解脱。

你是命运、机会、君主、亡命徒的奴隶,
你和毒药、战争、疾病同住在一起,
罂粟和咒符和你的打击相比,同样,
甚至更能催我入睡;那你何必趾高气扬呢?

睡了一小觉之后,我们便永远觉醒了,
再也不会有死亡,你死神也将死去。

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Post time 2013-12-23 21:37:23 |Display all floors
This post was edited by liu5222512 at 2013-12-23 21:38

注释:dost:动词do的第二人称单数现在时的古用法。
canst:情态动词can第二人称单数现在时的古用法。
swell'st:swell第二人称单数现在时形式。
shalt:即shall.

这是英国玄学派代表诗人john donne的一首十四行诗。
多恩长于各种出人意表的思考,将一般认为无法关联的两个事物联系在一起,表达自己的独特观点,最著名的当属《跳蚤》一诗。
在本诗《死神莫骄傲》中,作者发挥了人们对于死亡的“休息、睡觉”的隐喻性联想,认为死神并不是一般认为的那样神通广大(当然这里也有一点基督教的死亡与永生的辩证)。
按照钱锺书先生的文论观点,这首诗在结尾时使用了冤亲词(paradox)的修辞方式。 Death, thou shalt die.

这首诗用的韵式是abba abba cddc ee

John Donne的奇思妙想别具一格,因而他的诗不愧是(以“玄学派”命名的)一朵奇葩,其“芳香”永远吸引着读者,而且,也永远引导着他们反思和回味。


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Post time 2013-12-29 21:39:31 |Display all floors
great. thanks.for sharing!

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