After her death in1886,her sister found nearly 1800 poems that she had written.Many of the poems were finally published in 1890s,and Emily Dickinson,like Melville,was rediscovered by the literary world in the 1920s.
Emily Dickinson’s poetry comes out in bursts.The poems are short,many of them being based on a single image or symbol.But within her little lyrics Miss Dickinson writes about some of the most important things in life.
She writes about love and a lover,whom she either never really found or else gave up.She writes about nature.She writes about mortality and immortality.She writes about success,which she thought she never achieved,and about failure,which she considered her constant companion.She writes of these things so brilliantly that she is now ranked as one of America.s great poets.
Her poetry is read today throughout much of the world and yet exact woring has not been completely determined,nor have its arrangement and punctuation,since Emily never prepared her poems for publication.However,there is no doubt that the solitary Miss Dickinson of Amherst,Massachusetts,is a writer of great power and beauty.
Her poems illustrated the fact that one could take a single household and inactive life,and make enchanting poetry out it.
She was born in Amherst,Massachusetts,seldom left Amherst,attended college in a nearby town for one year,and later made one trip as far as Washington and tow or three trips to Boston.
After 1862,she became a total recluse,not leaving her house nor seeing even close friends.Her later retirement from the world,though perhaps affected by an unhappy love affair,seems mainly to have resulted from her own personality,from a desire to separate herself from the world.The range of her poetry suggeste not her limited experiences but the power of her creativity and imagination.(显示，使人联想到)
When she began writing poetry,Emily had relatively little formal education.
One of Emily’s teachers was Charles Wadsworth,a married,middle-aged minister,it appears that she felt an affection for him that he could not return,and when he moved to Francisco in 1862,she removed herself form society even more than she had before.
Miss Dickinson’s greatest outporing of poems occurred in the early 1860s,and because she was so isolated.At this time she sent some of her work to Thomas Higginson,a prominent critic and author.He was impressed by her poetry,but suggested that she use a more conventional grammar.Emily,however,refused to revise her poems to fit the standards of others and took no interest in having them published;in fact she had only seven poems published during her lifetime.