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This post was edited by abramicus at 2013-12-1 13:32|
The Cairo Declaration of 1 December 1943 is an integral part of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender of 2 September 1945, which in its first paragraph stated, "We, acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions set forth in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China, and Great Britain on 26 July 1945 at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the Allied Powers." And the Potsdam Proclamation of 26 July 1945 stated in its Article 8, "The terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine."
The following terms therefore apply to present day Japan by force of treaty as signed in Japan's Instrument of Surrender, as part of the Cairo Declaration of 1943:
"The several military missions have agreed upon future military operations against Japan. The three great Allies expressed their resolve to bring unrelenting pressure against their brutal enemies by sea, land and air. This pressure is already rising.
"The three great Allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. They covet no gain for themselves and have no thought of territorial expansions. It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the first World War in 1914, and that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa [Taiwan], and the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China. Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed. The aforesaid three great powers, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, are determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent.
"With these objects in view, the three Allies, in harmony with those of the United Nations at war with Japan, will continue to preservere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan."