- Registration time
- Last login
- Online time
- 1223 Hour
- Reading permission
huaqiao Post time: 2013-11-25 16:25
I also do not see China as the aggressor. There is no reason to be. What China needs is peace and ha ...
Thanks for your inputs.
China's decentralization has affected its foreign policy directions in some ways, as its handling of the Huangyan incident, refusing to discuss not just sovereignty, but even sharing of resources, was contrary to its own declared policy, leading to the derailment of its Peaceful Rise policy. My suspicion is that some SOES, like the CNOOC, have so much clout with the variouis branches of Chinese military and foreign affairs departments that they could influence them to issue statements that favor their claims, using China's military might as backup, not realizing that China's military might is limited when it comes to international military standards, even if it is superior to that of its unruly neighbors such as Vietnam and the Philippines. This gave other global powers, such as Japan, for example, the opportunity to exploit China's real lack of ability to prosecute even local naval battles, with both the Philippines and Vietnam, and also with Japan, particularly after China's moves in the South China Sea would have alarmed the US in such a manner as to literally force it to back Japan in its spat with China over Diaoyudao. This is what is called "gaining small and losing big". But, you cannot expect SOES to think about the national interest, especially when it is used to acting brazenly within China, using domestic police and military power to effect its wishes with near impunity, as in the clearing of lands occupied by the urban poor or the powerless peasants. Well, the Filipinos and Vietnamese may look as weak as the peasants, or only marginally stronger, but they are backed by a superpower. And when push comes to shove, the SOES slink back into the shadows, unwilling to share in the natural resources they hoped to monopolize if the Vietnamese and Filipinos were driven away, and leaviing the Chinese government and public to shoulder the brunt of any military conflict or economic embargo, all the while still refusing to allow the government to negotiate a sharing agreement with these smaller countries, which it views as totally belonging to itself.
When Deng was in charge, the SOES could not dictate national military or foreign policy. Now they can, and you can see the foreign policy of China change, especially after Hu stepped down, but even in the last year of his term, they were discarding the Peaceful Rise and the avoid hegemonism advice of Deng, in favor of an assertive but still miiltarily unready China in seizing the natural resources they deem belong solely to them. If there had been stronger discussions about sharing of resources at the outset of the dispute over Huangyan, Japan would not have had the opportunity to nationalize Diaoyudao. There is a price for arrogance, and Sunzi said, it is called "defeat".
But the real leaders of China are not arrogant. It s their inability to rein in the domestic bullies, often the SOES, in their forages into the neighborhood of China, that has given them a bad name and an unpleasant image as bullies, since they back the uncompromising attitude of their diplomats who are in turn afraid of the SOES who have influence all over China. Mind you, SOES are not bad at all. It is when they influence government and foreign policy to serve their narrow interests that they hurt China, and in this case, badly.
To have a balanced foreign policy, one with continuity with the pollcies of Deng, China must have a more centralized, rather than a less centralized, government, and any attempts by local governments or SOES to set foreign relations must not only be stopped, but it must also be penalized and prevented.
Nevertheless, overall, China's defense of its sovereignty remains well grounded in internatioal law, and reasonable in the context of the actual threat of Japanese aggression and piratical behavior toward China's islands. There was no mistake on the part of the central leadership, only distortions by the lower echelons and local governments that exploit the noble aims of the central government for their selfish purposes. As Xi pushes against corruption and undue influence, including of the SOES, China's foreign policy will become more coherent, consistent, and compelling to friends and foes alike, as it has been and should always be.