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This post was edited by abramicus at 2013-4-29 04:12|
FOR WANT OF A NAIL, A KINGDOM, NAY, A DYNASTY, WAS LOST - THE HISTORY OF THE DEFEAT OF KING RICHARD III AT BOSWORTH FIELD.
One can say from hindsight that the most important event that was more important than even WWI and WWII, including the Protestant Schism and the religious wars ensuing from it, was the death of King Richard III at Bosworth Field on August 22, 1485. This event brought to a close the War of the Roses, ended the mighty Plantagenet dynasty, and gave birth to the House of Tudor, Stuarts, Hanover and Windsor. It preceded the defeat of the Spanish Armada by Elizabeth I in 1588 at the Battle of Gravelines, which sounded the death knell of the Spanish empire, the British colonization and replacement of the Spanish in North America, the birth of the American colony and republic, and the British incursions into Japan, China and India, as well as Africa and the Middle East. Which all brings us to this day.
But what happened at Bosworth Field, and what role did a lowly nail have to do with it?
King Richard III of York, marched out of with a superior force of 12,000 against the inexperienced Tudor challenger to his throne, Henry VII of Richmond, who had just landed at remote Milford Haven of Southwest England on August 7, 1485, and mustered a force of 5,000, composed of Lancastrian supporters, French mercenaries and some Welshmen. Unknown to King Richard III, the loyalty of Lord Stanley and his brother, Sir William Stanley, powerful Welsh noblemen, had shifted to Henry VII, though they promised to show up at the battlefield (with his son, Strange, held as hostage by King Richard III as surety). King Richard III's most trusted ally, the Duke of Norfolk, commanded his right flank which attacked the forces of Richmond, commanded by the Earl of Oxford, believing that their superior forces required a more aggressive strategy, but failed to gain any ground. An apparent trap was set for King Richard III when he believed that Henry VII's bodyguards were inadequate to protect their would-be king, and when he commanded the Duke of Northumberland to attack Henry at the left flank, Northumberland was slow to act. This prompted King Richard III to take the matter into his own hands, as he was a seasoned warrior himself, and led the charge toward Henry's entourage, killing his banner bearer on the spot with his lance, which unfortunately, broke into two in the process. Here, legend has it that his trusted war horse was unable to run as nimbly as it was used to because a horseshoe had fallen off one of its hoofs. And the reason was the horseshoe cobbler missed (intentionally or not, we will never know) putting a nail on the horseshoe. Because of this, Richard's horse was targeted and slain. At the same time, Lord Stanley decided to switch loyalties in battle and swept down against King Richard III, who was still fighting valiantly on his feet. Now surrounded and outnumbered, King Richard III was killed in battle with a blow behind his head, and slaughtered with multiple other wounds, as the recent discovery of his remains in August 2012 underneath a parking lot, eventually proved.
Shakespeare immortalized King Richard III's loss of his horse and desperate plea to get one from any of his knights with "A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse!". Obviously, it was his only way of escape. To no avail.
This is not to say that King Richard III was a good person at all, being widely suspected of murdering his two nephews who were supposed to be under his protection until they came of age, one of whom was to be the king. Indeed, in Asian culture, his fate could have been attributed to "karma" in that he was ultimately killed through the betrayal of Lord Stanley and Sir William Stanley.
But the lesson to be learned from this story is that LOGISTICS remain the key to victory or defeat in any battle.
For want of a nail, the horsehoe was lost. For want of a horseshoe, the horse was lost. For want of a horse, the rider, the king, the kingdom, and even the Plantagenet dynasty, was finally lost.
A similar chain of events occurred in 1894, when the Dowager Empress was betrayed by her most trusted general and diplomat, Li Hongzhang, who served as her Prime Minister, who was bribed by the Japanese to erode the logistics of the Beiyang Navy. In the heat of the Naval Battle of the Yellow Sea, a superior Chinese armada with more ships and better ships than the Japanese, lost miserably, as some ran out of shells to fire, and those who did have shells, found them stuffed with dirt or concrete powder which landed without exploding on the Japanese ships that survived all their bombardments. For want of a shell, a navy was lost. For want of a navy, a country was lost.
China should learn from the lessons of other countries, never again to miss even one nail or one shell, or one drop of gasoline, or one backup battery, because the world WAS changed because of the lack of ONE SINGLE NAIL.
And this promises to be the future focus of Japan and other enemies in trying to dismantle China. It worked once. It surely can work again.
Corruption, treachery, and cutting the logistics of China, remain its three major weaknesses, before and even today. Failure of logistics should not be considered just an act of thievery, laziness or sloppiness. It is an act of TREASON and can be a capital offense in every sense of the word.