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翻译交流 欢迎品评 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2013-2-12 17:59:23 |Display all floors
初来乍到,请多多关照!以下是我翻译的一篇稿子(原文+译文),欢迎拍砖 {:soso_e100:}
EPA Makes Public Comprehensive Information on Use of Chemicals in the U.S.
The Chemical Data Reporting information will help EPA and others assess chemicals more quickly and encourage the use of safer chemicals

WASHINGTON – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today released the 2012 Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) information on more than 7,600 chemicals in commerce. The CDR database contains comprehensive use and exposure information on the most widely used chemicals in the United States.

Companies are now required to provide information on chemicals used in children’s and other consumer products, along with reports on commercial applications and industrial uses of chemicals. For the first time ever, EPA also required companies to substantiate confidentiality claims in order to ensure that as much information as possible is made available to the public.   

“The 2012 Chemical Data Reporting information will help EPA and others better assess chemicals, evaluate potential exposures and use, and expand efforts to encourage the use of safer chemicals,” said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. “The CDR data also highlight the clear need for TSCA reform. Updating this critical law will ensure that EPA has access to the tools and resources it needs to quickly and effectively assess potentially harmful chemicals, and safeguard the health of families across the country.”

The CDR rule, the source of this new data, was issued under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). The rule requires companies that manufacture or import chemicals to report manufacturing and import data every four years when site-specific production volume exceeds 25,000 lb. This report is for calendar year 2011. The EPA received reports on 7,674 chemicals, including 354 that were reported as used in children’s products. 1,704 chemicals were reported as used in consumer products and 3,073 were used in commercial applications or products. The remaining chemicals reported were for industrial use only. The CDR information includes data on chemicals that are used in children’s products such as toys, playground and sporting equipment, arts and crafts materials, and textiles and furniture.

Chemicals used in consumer products, particularly those intended for children, present potential for direct exposure to the public and are priorities for assessment by the agency. Although reporting on these chemicals is compulsory, currently there are no requirements under TSCA that existing chemicals be evaluated for safety.

Yet EPA has taken action and begun a process to ensure that chemicals used by the public on a daily basis are safe. The process identifies potential chemicals for near-term review and risk assessment under TSCA. In 2012, EPA released a work plan of 83 chemicals for further review as part of the agency’s existing chemicals management program. From that list, seven chemicals were identified for risk assessment development in 2012 and 18 for assessment in 2013 and 2014. In January, 2013, EPA released for public comment and peer review an initial set of draft risk assessments of five chemicals for particular uses found in common household products.
  
The 2012 CDR information released today is available at http://www.epa.gov/cdr. Users can download or search the database. In addition, users can tailor the search results to view information on specific uses of chemicals, such as those used in products intended for use with children.



美国公布化学品数据 方便公众参与和风险评估

  美国环保总署(EPA)公布了“美国在用化学品综合信息”。 有关化学品报道的信息能帮助EPA和其他人更快地获取相关信息、更安全的使用这些化学产品。

  华盛顿报道:美国环保总署(EPA)2月11日发布了市场上销售的7600种商业化学品的“化学数据报告(CDR)”。 CDR数据库囊括了全美常见化学品的使用和暴露信息(译者注:“暴露”为专业术语,指化学品与人体的接触,该数据有助于研究化学品使用风险)。

  现在,相关企业不仅需要提供商业应用和工业用途的化学品报告,而且现在还需要提供儿童及其他消费类产品的化学品信息。此外,有史以来第一次,EPA要求企业证实保密声明,以保证向公众提供尽可能多的信息。

  “2012年的化学数据报告信息有助于EPA和其他人便地获取化学品信息、评估潜在的使用风险,并有助于倡导化学品的安全使用。”EPA局长莉萨 杰克逊介绍说,“CDR数据强调了《美国有毒物质控制法》(TSCA)的要求。不断更新该法律可为EPA提供评价工具和资源,快速评估具有潜在风险的化学物质。这是保护全美家庭健康的重要举措。

  CDR以美国有毒物质控制法(TSCA)为依据并要求:当产品生产量超过25,000磅时,化学品生产商和进口商需每四年提交相关数据报告。EPA已收到7,674中化学品报告,其中包括354种用于儿童产品,1,704种用于消费品,另有3,073种用于商业用途或其他产品,其余化学品则仅为工业用途。儿童产品CDR信息涵盖了玩具、游乐场和运动器材、工艺品、纺织品和家具中所使用的化学品数据。

  消费品(尤其是儿童产品)中的化学品和可能与使用者直接接触,因此EPA优先评估此类产品风险。虽然上报告这些数据是强制性措施,但“美国有毒物质控制法”并未要求对产品所含化学品进行安全性评价。

  目前,EPA已启动一项流程,以确保人们每天使用化学品的安全性。该流程可识别需要短期内开展审查和风险评估的潜在化学品。2012年,EPA公布了83种需要进一步评估的化学品,其中有7种确定于2012年采取改进评估,另有18种将于2013年和2014年重新进行风险评价。此外,2013年1月,EPA公布了5种家居产品常见化学品的风险评价初稿,以收集公众评价。

  2012年的CDR数据以上传在美国环保总署网站,读者可自行查阅。此外,用户还可以根据搜索结果来查看所报化学物质的具体用途(如:供儿童使用的产品)。


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Post time 2013-2-14 14:10:38 |Display all floors
WASHINGTON – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today released the 2012 Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) information on more than 7,600 chemicals in commerce. The CDR database contains comprehensive use and exposure information on the most widely used chemicals in the United States.

Nice translation, to be picky, I think those three words (in bold) could be better handled.
I face death in the hope that when you meet your match, you will be mortal once more. --JKR

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Post time 2013-2-17 23:15:49 |Display all floors
But my English is poor.

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