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In 1951 the US forces were demobilized and filled with poor recruits while all the WWII veterans had gone home, by contrast the chinese PVA had a large number of veterans going back to the communist war against Japan and the soviets were armed to the teeth and sharing.
You know why US forces were then of such inferior quality. It was because those who were brought into the war were from Japan, lording over the subservient Japanese and exploiting the woman. As such , they were so used to soft petulant lives.
The US never officially declared war in Vietnam either. Truman did not want China to be drawn officially into the war because that would involve greater US commitment. Copy code
- -While planning the battle Mcarthur and UN generals did not yet believe china had intervened in the war. Such was supposed to require a formal declaration by the rules of war and at least decency, but I guess you guys learned from the Japs huh? It was estimated at the most there were 30,000 chinese auxiliaries in the area before the battle. There was closer to 200,000 and more coming across the border north. China would ultimately deploy 1.3 million of it's men to korea despite never declaring war.
At last , there was a stalemate. and the border was drawn between N and S Korea. The US lost the war becasue their aim was to get close to China or even into China. However, all the Chinese wanted was for the US 8th Army to move far away from China's border. Finally, the US Army stayed quietly in Yongsan Garrison in Seoul. Copy code
- -The PLA (because the PVA is a just a cover for what we know is the PLA) general in command was aware that the US and UN was unaware of china's intervention or it's truth strength in the area. He took advantage and made to quickly encircle the 8th army by surprise, some would call it a cowardly attempt to perform a pearl harbor attack on the ground against an army instead a fleet at port. The US 8th, upon realizing that china was present in full force, withdrew in order to escape being surrounded, while it was a victory for china the goal of using the surprise to surround was never accomplished, and the fighting light over all.
So china's only temporary and merely strategic victory cost them more losses at a more unfavorable ratio than ever before in the PLA's history, this was all reversed later when the US army regained the initiative in a few months. From china's side, the war became a complete stalemate that it would have to sacrifice lives en masse to maintain. For the US, it became a war that to be won would require escalation, bombing of mainland china because breaking the stalemate in such an isolated theatre strategically difficult with numerical inferiority. Consider yourself lucky the president went as far to fire one of the US best generals ever because he was determined to do what it took to win and fck the politics of it. I admire Macarthur. Truman preferred the stalemate, but then Truman is considered one of the worst presidents ever in retrospect, pretty soundly too. So very lucky for you
MarArthur was sacked because he was recalcitrant and an inhuman war maniac. He even wanted to nuke China. The fact that he remains popular shows us what Americans really are: a bunch of humbug non-respecters of human lives. They remain the only country in the world that has dropped two bombs on humanity despite knowing that Japan was already totally destroyed.