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【拙笔小译】2012年英语专业八级:英译汉 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-3-13 09:31:09 |Display all floors
     In some cases, intelligent people implementing intelligent policies are responsible for producing a “boomerang effect”; they actually create more of whatever it is they seek to reduce in the first place.
     The boomerang effect has been achieved many times in recent years by men and women of goodwill. State legislatures around the nation have recently raised the drinking age back to 21 in an effort to reduce the prevalence of violent deaths among our young people. But such policies seem instead to have created the conditions for even more campus violence. Some college students who previously drank in bars and lounges under the watchful supervision of bouncers(夜总会、酒吧等保安人员)(not to mention owners eager to keep their liquor licenses) now retreat to the sanctuary of their fraternity houses and apartments, where they no longer control their behavior - or their drinking.
     The boomerang effect has also played a role in attempts to reduce the availability of illicit drugs. During recent years, the federal government has been quite successful in reducing the supply of street drugs. As fields are burned and contraband (违禁品) confiscated, the price of street drugs has skyrocketed to a point where cheap alternatives have begun to compete in the marketplace. Unfortunately, the cheap alternatives are even more harmful than the illicit drugs they replace.


     然而,这些政策事与愿违,酿成了更多校园暴力事件。以前,一些大学生在不同档次的酒吧饮酒,那里的保安(当然还有不想丢掉售酒执照的店主)都会对他们进行严密监督。但现在这些大学生都藏匿在联谊会会堂或公寓里,放任自我、恣意酗酒。
     在封锁非法毒品流通的过程中,也出现过“飞反效应”。近几年,联邦政府对街头毒品交易的打击活动卓有成效:烧毁毒品种植园,没收禁运品。街头毒品的价格因此一路飙升,于是,廉价的替代品借机而入。不幸的是,这些廉价药比它们所替代的非法毒品危害更大。


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from Blog:人在旅途


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