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About the birth of Communist Party of China (CPC), about New China, about Mao Zedong|
At 2 pm of 2011-06-20, 5000 people began to sing the Red songs: "Ode to the Motherland", "Defend the Yellow River", "Come back from target practice" etc.
Half an hour later, Yu Zhengsheng came at classroom. Yu Said, "I want to talk about 2 themes, one is the firmness, another is loyalty."
Yu said, it's an open society now. Some books weren't printed inside of China, but ome into China from types of channels. "It's not an easy job" to maintain a political firmness under the complex social environment.
Later, following the clue of history of CPC, Yu said several "how to judge".
(The 1st, how to judge the birth of Communist party of China.)
Yu said, "Some of media hold such type of views. They believe after May 4th movement ... ... the ideology of Saving China made China to lose an opportunity of developing capitalist democracy. Later China slipped into revolution cycle." Yu Zhengsheng said, "May 4th movement is a time of saving China, ... ... This judgement was not made only based on some phenomena took place inside of universities."
Yu said, "of course, the newspaper didn't mention CPC, but assert that, under the ideology of Saving China, the developments of democracy and republic were disrupted." Yu said, "Where did I read those remarks, It was in the newspapers in our Shanghai, what's more, they are copied from newspaper in Beijing."
Yu cited an article in newspaper to answer this question. That article said more than 200,000 Chinese died in Haiyuan Earthquake in1920, Ningxia province. It was one month later when the local government the first time reported this information to Central government in Beijing (Beiyang Government). It was extremely limited disaster relieve gotten from central central government. "Now, Nostalgia of old Shanghai - 1930s' Shanghai - are popular among many Shanghainese. In 1930s, Shanghai was the financial center and cultural center of China. But what did rich old Shanghai do for that Haiyuan earthquake? What did the rich merchants in Shanghai do for that Haiyuan earthquake?"
Yu said, "May 4th time is a Saving China time. ... ... We can't make a judgement of a society from phenomena inside of universities." Yu stressed that, the birth of CPC was to fight for poor ordinary Chinese. The birth of CPC was to stop the situation of ignoring the suffers of ordinary Chinese by the society and the bureaucrats. It was the cause of birth of CPC.
The 2nd, how to judge the establishment of New China.
Yu said, "Some people said the victory of CPC was that CPC defeated Kuo Min Tang (KMT) in battle field.. I don't think it is right. The root cause is the endorsement and the support of ordinary Chinese."
Yu said, "Some Chinese said, the land reform was that gang groups in villages got the asserts of landlords - aimless fighting and aimless killing. Did such cases take place? Yes! But the consequence of aimless fighting and aimless killing was the resistance of ordinary Chinese in that area. This type of resistance also happened in 1937~1945. But why did so many ordinary Chinese supported Liberation Army and CPC? Basically, the land reform won Chinese heart; the land reform got the endorsement and the support of ordinary Chinese."
The 3rd, how to judge the exploration of building a socialist society.
Yu said, Culture revolution was a disaster. It was not only the personal mistakes of Mao Zedong, but also the mistakes of the Party.
He said, "My mom began to be prosecuted from 1966. She was in jail from 1968. She had some mental problems after she went out of jail in 1975. My little sister suicided. 7 people among my relatives died in culture revolution."
"Why do we still hold a positive views of Chairman Mao? He made serious mistakes. Why? Personally, I think first his books and his philosophy affected many people including me. I deeply respect chairman Mao though he committed such large mistakes. Just because of that, many people try to defame him. Many people said many books of chairman Mao were written by Hu Qiaomu. It's b-u-l-l-s-h-i-t. Hu Qiaomu didn't have the ability to write those books. Secondly, Why did he launch culture revolution? I think he believed that our country can't simply develop production. He believed that our country need to stop the birth of new capitalist and stop workers and farmers slipping into lower social class again. His incentive was understandable." Yu said, "He was on the wrong track. ... ... Many present phenomena tell us his worry again. But it's wrong to go on a wrong track for his worry."
Yu said, before 1978, ordinary Chinese still trusted CPC. "Just because ordinary Chinese knew that CPC had been arduously exploring for ordinary Chinese. CPC was never hiding its own problems and mistakes."
Part 2/ total 5 parts
 it didn't appear in original news report. I added this sentence here.