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From the perspective of social structure, China produced big wealth gap. |
The major phenomenon is:
a small amount of Chinese as rich as the richest people of the western developed countries;
a small amount of Chinese is middle class;
the vast majority of Chinese are the poor.
That is to say, China didn't produce a a large amount of middle class.
In East Asia, Japan, Taiwa, South Korea, Singapore, and Hong Kong, they had produced a large amount of middle class as well as the economic miracle during 20 years, though difference sources and routes to produce the middle class. Today, these middle class is not only a drive of further development and reform, but also the foundation of social stability.
From the prespective social structure, China is more like latin American economy, not the other East Asian economy.
Without middle class, domestic consumption society can't be formed, the sustainable development don't have the foundation.
Without middle class, social stability don't have the foundation. Many problems are going worse, such as the divergence of society, the lack of moral guides and believes, the lack of social trust.
Without middle class, the society are dominated by the "far left" and "far right". Radical conflicts emerged in social values and ideologies.
Without middle class, the government power owners (far-right or pretended to left) and the poor class (left idealist) quarrel with each other, and lead to the uncentainty of the whole society.
In any society, middle class is the source and foundation of patriotism. Middle class are pride of this society, where they get wealth. However, the situation of China seems to be reversed.
The question is where Chinese middle class has gone during the economic miracle.
China vowed to cultivate the middle class from Deng's reform. So far it failed.
Policy is an significant factor. The wrong policies and lack of enforcement of right policies are two major root causes.
Government-owned companies and private-own companies ***
Large companies and small& mid scall companies ***
Social welare reform, especially housing market reform ***
The low wages of labors. China don't have the real labor unions. Governnment stand on the side of entrepreneur.
The exist of special class is government officials. They gain more special benefits through the reforms. But They don't want to launch the reform for the benefit of middle class.
That is to say, the government officials and the richest Chinese class have stolen the wealth of middle class, and of course stolen the middle class of China.
But without middle class, the society would turn unstable. If China want to stable society, China need to cultivate middle class. Government need to return the power and wealth to the society. Unless the middle class grew up, China would go in a healthy development