Author: 468259058

Righteous and Harmonious Society Movement (boxer rebellion) in the late 1890s [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2011-4-30 21:43:35 |Display all floors

Causes of the fast growing Righteous and Harmonious Society Movement

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China (Qing Dynasty) have been in the Hundred Days reform during the same period. Christian missionaries and foreign powers have supported the Guangxu Emperor's reform. However, Guangxu was defeated by Cixi in the political fights. The failure of the reform movement disillusioned many educated Chinese.


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Chinese sovereignty:
The world powers (U.K and Fance) had defeated China in several wars.
The world powers had forced China to import opium.
The world powers had asserted a right to promote Christianity.
China would likely be dismembered, with foreign powers each ruling a part of the country, spheres of influence.
Foreigners and foreign companies was given superior status and special priviledges in treaties.
As a results, ordinary Chinese couldn't fight justice after Conflicts took place between them, and Foreigners, and Chinese Christians.
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These caused resentment and xenophobic reactions among ordinary Chinese.



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A drougt followed by floods in Shandong province in 1897-1898 forced farmers to flee to cities and seek food.
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Post time 2011-5-1 21:40:32 |Display all floors

views

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positive:
Righteous Harmonoy society is an anti-imperialist, patriotic peasant movement.
Boxers were patriot. They love their country better than those Chinese who subservient to the foreigners.
Boxers were righteous, courageous and fearless, fighting to the death against the alliance armies.
The beliefs of boxers could be transormed into a moving force for independence.

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negative:
Boxers are in barbarism.
Boxers are ignorant and stubborn people, who believe in superstition.
Boxers are violent and xenophobic.
Righteous harmony movement had features in common with the Culture Revolution. Both events had the external goal of "liguidting all harmful pests" and domestic goal of "eliminating bad elements of all descriptions".


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Righteous harmony movement is a religious war between Chinese and Christianity.

[ Last edited by 468259058 at 2011-5-1 09:41 PM ]
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Post time 2011-5-1 21:43:01 |Display all floors
This post was edited by 468259058 at 2012-8-21 18:52

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the sacrifice of political fights
Cixi used boxers to fight foreigners largely because foreigners sympathized with Guangxu Emperor, who had been on house arrest after an aborted reformation. Eventually, according to an unwritten agreement, Cixi was allowed to stay in power, since comparatively Cixi would use her influence to supress the Chinese anti-foreign sentiment better than the weak and ineffectual Guangxu Emperor.

The people are afraid of officials, the officials are afraid of foreigers, and the foreigners are afarid of the people.

[ Last edited by 468259058 at 2011-5-1 09:54 PM ]
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Post time 2011-5-1 21:51:26 |Display all floors
the reform: too little, too late.
China's government (Qing dynasty) went on the reform to save China, to save the government after the war. however, these efforts seemed to be too late. The revolutionaries within Han Chinese could not wait. The goverment's humilating failure to defend China against the foreign powers contributed the growth of nationalist resentment against the "foreigner" Qing dynasty. 10 years later, the Republic of China was founded.
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Post time 2011-5-2 12:15:19 |Display all floors

Reply #1 468259058's post

Opium! Taiping rebellion, Boxer rebellion!

Qing Dynasty went kaput!

ha ha ha

Cheerios!

Green DRagon
Game Grandmaster

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Post time 2012-8-21 18:49:20 |Display all floors
hehe.
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