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Reply #28 468259058's post
Advantage of the "incumbent" is always been there is all kinds of society.|
BUT, this makes the "incumbent" lazy, and not very inventive, innovative or creative.
Most of the time, they rely on OPPRESSION to keep their powers.
The "incumbents" use PUBLIC RELATIONS, provide "charity", use "benevolent systems" to keep the people "satisfied".
The "ruled citizenry" have disadvantages, with only persuasive powers (don't have command powers), and so work hard to innovate, create, design new lifestyles. They find loopholes, discover new trades, protected their turfs via many methods to neutralized the disadvantage of the "incumbent" and their "traditional revenue collection" routes!
In China, the DISCIPLINED BUREAUCRACY somehow managed to become the "Unifying force" in China.
The local autonomy, and prosperity of families, clans, regions kept people satisfied.
The life of the "Disciplined Official" is "not very attractive" - but we keep our "Officials satisfied by allowing retirement" - and a "good pension" or "post officialdom business"!
[ Last edited by greendragon at 2011-4-20 12:48 PM ]