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Judged by attitude:|
*Extravert - outward-turning
*Introvert - inward-turning
The preferences for extraversion and introversion are often called as attitudes. Each of the cognitive functions can operate in the external world of behavior, action, people, and things (extraverted attitude) or the internal world of ideas and reflection (introverted attitude).
People who prefer extraversion draw energy from action: they tend to act, then reflect, then act futher. If they are inactive, their motivation tends to decline. To rebuild their energy, extraverts need to breaks from time spent in reflection.
Conversely, those who prefer introversion expend energy through action: they prefer to reflect, then act, then reflect again. To rebuild their energy, introverts need quiet time alone, away from activity.
The extravert's flow is directed outward toward people and objects, and the introvert's is directed inward toward concepts and ideas. Contrasting characteristics between extraverts and introverts include the following:
*Extraverts are action oriented, while introverts are thought oriented.
*Extraverts seek breadth of knowledge and influence, while introverts seek depth of knowledge and influence.
*Extraverts often prefer more frequent interaction, while introverts prefer more substantial interaction.
*Extraverts recharge and get their energy from spending time with people, while introverts recharge and get their energy from spending time alone.
Judged by rational and irrational:
* The "rational" (judging) functions: thinking and feeling
* The "irrational" (perceiving) functions: sensing and intuition
According to June, the psyche is an apparatus for adaptation and orientation, and consists of a number of different psychic functions. Among these he distinguishes four basic functions:
*Sensation - perceptioin by means of the sense organs;
*intuition - perceiving in unconscious way or perception of unconscious contents.
*thinking - function of intellectual cognition; the forming of logical conclusions;
*feeling - function of subjective estimation;
Sensing(s) and intuition(N) are the information-gathering (perceriving) functions. They describe how new information is understood and interpreted.
Individuals who prefer sensing are more likely to trust information that is in the present, tangible and concrete: that is, information that can be understood by the five senses. They tend to distrust hunches, which seem to come "out of nowhere." They prefer to look for details and facts. For them, the meaning is in the data.
On the other hand, those who prefer intuition tend to trust information that is more abstract or theoretical, that can be associated with other information (either remembered or discovered by seeking a wider context or pattern). They may be more interested in future possibilities. They tend to trust those flashes of insight that seem to bubble up from the unconscious mind. The meaning is in how the data relates to the pattern or theory.
Thinking(T) and feeling(F) are the decision-making (judging) fuctions. The think and feeling functions are both used to make rational decisions, based on the data received from their information-gathering functions (sensing or intuition). Those who prefer thinking tend to decide things from a more detached standpoint, measuring the decision by what seems reasonable, logical, causal, consistent and matching a given set of rules. Those who prefer feeling tend to come to decisions by associating or empathizing with the situation, looking at it 'from the inside' and weighing the situation to achieve, on balance, the greatest harmony, consensus and fit, considering the needs of the people involved.
[ Last edited by 468259058 at 2011-3-28 03:46 PM ]