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I like the laws of the US, although I wish they were more consistent (they can very from one state to another). Typically, at least from a western viewpoint, one is morally (not legally) obligated to come to the aid of another if the following conditions are met:|
Need - The person NEEDS help
Proximity - You recognize their need of aid
Capability - You are capable of giving aid
Last Resort - Without your aid, they may die
So, for example, if an old person fell down and was unable to get up you wouldn't be morally required to aid them physically but you would be morally obligated to give aid such as telephoning emergency services. You wouldn't have to physically help because you are not the last resort (unless they fell down in the middle of an intersection or something); they can wait for the proper authorities to arrive. However, if someone is being attacked, they may not live long enough for the police to arrive. In such a case, you would be the last resort and morally obligated to assist the person being attacked.
As for me, I would help the old lady even if she didn't need help. I can't help it, that's the way I was raised. I think China could do with some good samaritan laws: it would lower the amount of frivolous lawsuits, decrease the amount of scam artists, and allow people to live with the knowledge that if they are injured that others can help them without fear. I'm not saying China should go so far as Germany's law but some protection from liability would be nice. Then again, it's not my country. I just hope I don't get inured while I am there.