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Why Sceptical of GM rice Commercial n Garbage Incinerator Plant? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2010-2-22 11:39:52 |Display all floors
GM Rice Trigger Hot Debates in China

2010-02-22 09:42:57     CRIENGLISH.com         Web Editor: Liu Bing

Genetic modification has triggered hot debate in China, as the world's top producer and consumer of rice is strictly evaluating its safety before it would give a green light to grow genetically modified rice on a commercial scale.

Damin has more.

Reporter:

China's Agricultural Ministry declared last November that two strains of genetically modified rice are safe to produce and consume. But further approvals are required for the commercial introduction of biotechnology in the staple food crop, which experts say may take at least three years.

China has long supported research into agricultural biotechnology as part of a drive to ensure the country remains self-sufficient in staple crops.

According to scientists, the two strains, developed by Huazhong Agricultural University, would help reduce the use of pesticide by 80 percent while raising yields by as much as eight percent.

However, some experts and organizations remain skeptical about the safety of genetic modification, and have asked the government to think twice about the commercial production.

Fang Lifeng, Greenpeace China's food and agriculture campaigner, says researchers have found that genetically modified corn causes organ damage in rats, mostly in the liver and kidney.

"Based on preventive principles and the uncertainties of its safety, we should be more cautious about genetically modified food entering our food chain, especially transgenic rice."

Greenpeace also warns that the crop is a direct threat to the environment and biodiversity.

Luo Yunbo, a professor at the China Agricultural University, was a member of the assessment committee.

He refutes the doubts over the long-term risks of genetically modified food, and says approved strains are as safe as non-genetically modified varieties.

"Scientists won't risk people's health. They must provide concrete evidence to prove the safety of the strains before the government gives the green light to them. We won't bet on it and see the result several years later."

While the safety of the transgenic varieties remains a major dispute, some experts also voice concerns over the impacts on China's economic security.
Jiang Yong is a researcher at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations.

While admitting that modified crops could have short-term benefits in boosting grain output, he warns that biotechnology may be used by international grain dealers to control China's grain production and trade.

Jiang Yong says those dealers use the so-called "terminator" technologies, under which plants are genetically programmed to become infertile after a set period of time, so that farmers have to return to the market to buy seeds every year.

"At first, those companies, including the U.S.-based Monsanto, provide seeds at a low price or even for free. Once the farmers become dependant on the seeds, they soon push up the prices. Sometimes, those seeds are even comparable to gold in terms of their prices."

What's more, the expert also says growing transgenic rice on a commercial basis may affect China's exporting of rice.

"Internationally, there are prevalent barriers on importing genetically modified products. Against the backdrop of increasing trade friction, it's unwise for China to grow transgenic rice on a major scale."

Damin, CRI news.

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Post time 2010-2-22 11:41:47 |Display all floors
Chinese experts: No evidence yet to show GM food unsafe

English.news.cn   2010-02-06 13:52:33

BEIJING, Feb. 6 (Xinhua) -- Chinese food and agricultural experts said no evidence has proved genetically-modified crops are unsafe for people and the environment.

Huang Dafang, director of Biotechnology Research Institute under the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said Friday that the genetically-modified crops are of great significance to the sustainable development of agriculture and China's competitiveness in global arena.

"It could help increase the output to ease the food supply strain caused by the shrinking of farmland," Huang said.

"We are technically advantageous in hybrid rice planting. The genetically-modified technology could ensure China's superiority in food production."

China, a populous country with 1.3 billion people, has put the food security on high agenda in its national development planning.

China's central authorities issued a document on Jan. 31, which calls for pushing forward the industrialization of genetically-modified crops on the basis of scientific appraisal and management in accordance with law.

However, people are concerned with the safety of genetically-modified food.

Wu Yongning, a food safety specialist with the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said current studies have not proved genetically-modified food harmful to human health.

Wu said that genetically-modified food have to pass scrupulous testing in order to get on shelves, including laboratory and field studies, toxicity and allergy tests.

Besides, health administrations will establish a system to monitor and report adverse effects, said Wu.

"I am not ruling out all possible risks, but those risks of genetically-modified food are no greater than that of traditional ones, given the heavy use of pesticide in growing traditional food," he said.

The State Council of China introduced a regulation in 2001 to ensure the safety of genetically-modified food, with strict provisions on its research, test, production and marketing.

Huang Dafang said the genetically-modified food are less vulnerable to insects and diseases, and as a result, fewer pesticide is needed in growing them, which is safer to human beings and the environment.

According to the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Application (ISAAA), about 224,000 tons of pesticide was saved during the decade between 1996 to 2006, thanks to the expansion of genetically-modified planting.

Besides, the reduced workload to pesticide the crops will help ease the labor shortfall in China's countryside resulted from large population of migrant workers, said Huang.
Editor: Xiong Tong
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Post time 2010-2-22 11:45:27 |Display all floors

Incinerator foe on fact-finding Japan trip

By Cui Xiaohuo (China Daily)
Updated: 2010-02-22 07:44

A Beijing lawyer who was detained last year during a rally against a proposed garbage incinerator will join a government-funded fact-finding mission to Japan today to learn more about the controversial technology.

Huang Xiaoshan, a resident of Aobei community in north Beijing's Changping district, will visit Tokyo and other cities along with about 10 government officials and policy advisors from the capital on the 10-day trip.

The group will focus on garbage treatment facilities and garbage classification and pay particular attention to the large number of incineration plants in the developed country.

The authorities hope the trip, the first of its kind involving city officials, will help Beijing manage its garbage.

Huang, 48, said he was "surprised" to be invited on the tour.

"It takes courage for the authorities to include a man that they did not like into their policy-making process," said Huang, who campaigned against a planned garbage incinerator near the hot spring resort in Asuwei on environmental grounds.

Huang was among seven protestors detained and questioned by police in September when a small group of Asuwei residents rallied with anti-incineration banners outside a sanitation expo at the Agricultural Exhibition Center in east Beijing. Among those detained were two elderly residents, aged over 60.

"That was one of the darkest moments between the government and the public on the issue of incineration. We saw a lot of confrontations like this last year, but now it's time to end it and let the public have a place in the policy-making procedure," the lawyer told METRO before leaving Beijing.

Guangzhou and Zhejiang residents were also fired up last year on the same issue and held massive protests against plans for huge incineration power plants. Opponents questioned whether the government could reduce and control the emission of dangerous pollutants, including the toxic dioxin, without effective laws and stringent production methods.

Wang Weiping, a Beijing-based senior advisor on garbage disposal, said the incineration controversy has never been about technological issues but about whether people can trust those in charge.

"Authorities tried to hide something about garbage disposal from the public and this has got on people's nerves," said Wang, who is also on the tour. "Incinerators will definitely cause pollution in Chinese cities because the nation does not have sufficient laws and work procedures to guarantee a pollution-free environment."

Experts have said that, while garbage incineration technology is not perfect, it remains an effective way to manage massive amounts of waste produced by super-sized cities if plants are operated safely.

They also point out there is not a better alternative at the moment.

Viewing himself as an anti-incineration campaigner, Huang said he is open-minded about the trip.

"I hope to see how Japanese authorities and social organizations guarantee the safe running of their garbage disposal facilities, including incineration plants," he said. "After all, I'm not against science, but I urge authorities make every decision a right one with the help of the public."

The municipal administrative commission, which organized the tour, said yesterday the inclusion of Huang was aimed at soliciting more public opinion on the issue.

An online statement circulated on residents' forums welcomed the government's move as "the first good news in the Lunar New Year".

(China Daily 02/22/2010 page25)
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Post time 2010-2-22 12:05:45 |Display all floors

Reply #3 amyamy's post

wow!

free trip to learn......

wow!

double wow!

ha ha ha

Tell the INCINERATOR foe, that land shortage is also one reason for incinerator,
as well as ground water poisoning! marsh gas hazards......

ha ha ha


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Post time 2010-2-22 12:05:49 |Display all floors

Residents want garbage project thrown out

By Qiu Quanlin (China Daily)
Updated: 2009-11-24 08:00

GUANGZHOU: More than 1,000 residents in this southern metropolis raised a stink yesterday over plans to build a massive garbage incinerator in the heart of the Pearl River Delta.

The protest outside a government office building was the latest salvo in a growing dispute between residents and local authorities' perceived hard line over the project.

The residents were fired up after hearing that the authorities would build the garbage incinerator once an "environmental assessment is approved".

The residents say they want input into the decision-making process.

The incinerator, which proponents want to build in Huijiang village of Panyu, in Guangzhou, will be capable of handling around 2,000 tons of garbage a day. Local authorities say such a facility is sorely needed.

However, agitated locals who gathered to shout slogans, wave banners and demand the suspension of the project, said things are moving too fast.

"We are here to ask for positive feedback from the government," said Lu An, a local concerned about the health risks of the project.

The Guangzhou center of urban construction and administration received a petition from the protesters yesterday, but only a handful of disgruntled residents got the chance to meet officials.

"We are not satisfied with the way the authorities have dealt with us. So we all, voluntarily, moved to the government office building to grab their attention," Lu said.

Protesters demanded the resignation of Lu Zhiyi, deputy general-secretary of Guangzhou government, who had said the city was ready to build more garbage incinerators to deal with the growing need for trash treatment facilities.

"It is a preferred option for us to build more incinerators, since Guangzhou is facing rising piles of garbage. We will scientifically select places for such construction outside dense residential areas," Lu Zhiyi said at a press conference on Sunday.

Lu An, meanwhile, said residents' fears about health impacts were hard to shake.

"Villagers near another garbage incinerator (Likeng incinerator, in Baiyun district of Guangzhou) confirmed more than 50 deaths from cancer after its operation," he said.

He added that residents near the incinerator were forced to get drinking water from outside the village because of fear about water pollution.

Government representatives insisted at a press conference on Sunday that no cancer cases had been reported among workers at the facility referred to by Lu.

Feng Shengping, a researcher with Guangdong provincial situation study and research center, said: "Not all garbage should be burned. As far as we know, nearly 70 percent of trash in urban areas should be recycled."

(China Daily 11/24/2009 page1)
photo :A masked protester makes a point as more than 1,000 residents demonstrate outside the Guangzhou government building yesterday. The sign reads: "Oppose garbage burning, protect green Panyu." China Daily
gdprot.jpg
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Post time 2010-2-22 12:19:12 |Display all floors

Reply #5 amyamy's post

send the protestor to visit a LANDFILL.....

ha ha ha


and provide snap shots of the difference.....
citizen education is vital, otherwise the rumours gets ugly and dark.....
sabotage could occur.....

but who want's an incinerator near their home.....
it affects value....

so show a comprehensive plan, on garbage sorting, compressing....
and shipment to a outlying incinerator possessing scrubbers!!!!


hmmmm


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Post time 2010-2-22 12:20:27 |Display all floors

Its EDUCATIONAL for OFFICIALs....

...and CITIZENs too!

Officials needs to understand the REAL or PERCEIVED unease,
so they can be more EFFECTIVE bureaucrats!

ha ha ha


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