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专题翻译Bully [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2010-1-11 09:13:29 |Display all floors
Half the population are bullied by a serial bully ... most only recognize it when they read this


Half the population are bullied ...


most people only realise it when they read this page


What is bullying, how to recognise bullying


On this page


Where are people bullied?人们在什么地方会受欺负?
What is bullying?什么是欺负?
Recognising a bully辨别出一位欺负者
How does bullying cause injury to health?欺负如何会引起使健康受伤
On another page

Why me?为什么是我?
Why have my colleagues deserted me?

Answers to frequently asked questions on bullying

Happy 牛 Year~!

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Post time 2010-1-11 09:13:55 |Display all floors
Where are people bullied?

•        at work by their manager or co-workers or subordinates, or by their clients (bullying, workplace bullying, mobbing, work abuse, harassment, discrimination)
•        at home by their partner or parents or siblings or children (bullying, assault, domestic violence, abuse, verbal abuse)
•        at school (bullying, harassment, assault)
•        in the care of others, such as in hospital, convalescent homes, care homes, residential homes (bullying, harassment, assault)
•        in the armed forces (bullying, harassment, discrimination, assault)
•        by those in authority (harassment, abuse of power)
•        by neighbours and landlords (bullying, harassment)
•        by strangers (harassment, stalking, assault, sexual assault, rape, grievous bodily harm, murder)

How do you know if you're being bullied? Bullying differs from harassment and assault in that the latter can result from a single incident or small number of incidents - which everybody recognises as harassment or assault - whereas bullying tends to be an accumulation of many small incidents over a long period of time. Each incident tends to be trivial, and on its own and out of context does not constitute an offence or grounds for disciplinary or grievance action. So, ...

  你如何才能知道自己正在受到欺负?欺负行为和骚扰、攻击不同之处在于后者都是因为单个事件或少数目事件引起 - 每个人都认识到它们是骚扰或袭击 - 然而,欺负往往是许多小事件在长期积累产生。每个事件往往是琐碎的,独立的而且,在上下文之外考虑不构成为一个侵犯,或者,作为纪律处分或申述行为的根据。 所以...
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Post time 2010-1-11 09:14:52 |Display all floors
What is bullying?


•        constant nit-picking, fault-finding and criticism of a trivial nature - the triviality, regularity and frequency betray bullying; often there is a grain of truth (but only a grain) in the criticism to fool you into believing the criticism has validity, which it does not; often, the criticism is based on distortion, misrepresentation or fabrication
对一件琐碎的事情不停挑刺,找毛病和进行批评 - 琐碎性,经常性和频繁性会让欺负行露馅;往往在批评中只有一丝(但仅仅一点点)真实来愚弄你认为这种批评据有正当性--其实没有;往往批评是建立在扭曲、误读或捏造之上。
•        simultaneous with the criticism, a constant refusal to acknowledge you and your contributions and achievements or to recognise your existence and value
•        constant attempts to undermine you and your position, status, worth, value and potential
•        where you are in a group (eg at work), being singled out and treated differently; for instance, everyone else can get away with murder but the moment you put a foot wrong - however trivial - action is taken against you
当你(工作时)在一群人中,被的单独出来,给与不同的待遇;例如,别人都可以做什么都可以,可是一旦你走错了一步 -- 不论是多么琐碎-,就要对你采取行动。
•        being isolated and separated from colleagues, excluded from what's going on, marginalized, overruled, ignored, sidelined, frozen out, sent to Coventry
•        being belittled, demeaned and patronised, especially in front of others
•        being humiliated, shouted at and threatened, often in front of others
•        being overloaded with work, or having all your work taken away and replaced with either menial tasks (filing, photocopying, minute taking) or with no work at all
•        finding that your work - and the credit for it - is stolen and plagiarised
•        having your responsibility increased but your authority taken away
•        having annual leave, sickness leave, and - especially - compassionate leave refused
•        being denied training necessary for you to fulfil your duties
•        having unrealistic goals set, which change as you approach them
•        ditto deadlines which are changed at short notice - or no notice - and without you being informed until it's too late
•        finding that everything you say and do is twisted, distorted and misrepresented
•        being subjected to disciplinary procedures with verbal or written warnings imposed for trivial or fabricated reasons and without proper investigation
•        being coerced into leaving through no fault of your own, constructive dismissal, early or ill-health retirement, etc
被迫使,非自己的错误而离职,。。型解雇、 早退或病退等等。

For further information on what bullying is, click here. For an answer to the question Why me?, click here.

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Post time 2010-1-11 09:15:45 |Display all floors
How do I recognise a bully?


Most bullying is traceable to one person, male or female - bullying is not a gender issue. Bullies are often clever people (especially female bullies) but you can be clever too.

Who does this describe in your life?



•        Jekyll & Hyde nature - vicious and vindictive in private, but innocent and charming in front of witnesses; no-one can (or wants to) believe this individual has a vindictive nature - only the current target sees both sides
双重性格 - 私底下歹毒、报复心,可是在目击者们面前无辜的和有魅力的;谁也不能(或想去)认为这个人有一个报复心的本性 - 只有当前目标人这两面都看到了。
•        is a convincing, compulsive liar and when called to account, will make up anything spontaneously to fit their needs at that moment
•        uses lots of charm and is always plausible and convincing when peers, superiors or others are present; the motive of the charm is deception and its purpose is to compensate for lack of empathy
当同辈、上级或别人在场的时候,会采用许多的魅力,而且总是振振有辞、令人说服的; 这种魅力的动机是欺骗,而它的目的是为了补偿缺乏移情。
•        relies on mimicry to convince others that they are a "normal" human being but their words, writing and deeds are hollow, superficial and glib
•        displays a great deal of certitude and self-assuredness to mask their insecurity
•        excels at deception
•        exhibits unusual inappropriate attitudes to sexual matters or sexual behaviour; underneath the charming exterior there are often suspicions or intimations of sexual harassment, sex discrimination or sexual abuse (sometimes racial prejudice as well)
•        exhibits much controlling behaviour and is a control freak
•        displays a compulsive need to criticise whilst simultaneously refusing to acknowledge, value and praise others
•        when called upon to share or address the needs and concerns of others, responds with impatience, irritability and aggression
•        often has an overwhelming, unhealthy and narcissistic need to portray themselves as a wonderful, kind, caring and compassionate person, in contrast to their behaviour and treatment of others; the bully is oblivious to the discrepancy between how they like to be seen (and believe they are seen), and how they are actually seen
•        has an overbearing belief in their qualities of leadership but cannot distinguish between leadership (maturity, decisiveness, assertiveness, trust and integrity) and bullying (immaturity, impulsiveness, aggression, distrust and deceitfulness)
•        when called to account, immediately and aggressively denies everything, then counter-attacks with distorted or fabricated criticisms and allegations; if this is insufficient, quickly feigns victimhood, often by bursting into tears (the purpose is to avoid answering the question and thus evade accountability by manipulating others through the use of guilt)
•        is also ... aggressive, devious, manipulative, spiteful, vengeful, doesn't listen, can't sustain mature adult conversation, lacks a conscience, shows no remorse, is drawn to power, emotionally cold and flat, humourless, joyless, ungrateful, dysfunctional, disruptive, divisive, rigid and inflexible, selfish, insincere, insecure, immature and deeply inadequate, especially in interpersonal skills

I estimate one person in thirty has this behaviour profile. I describe them as having a disordered personality: an aggressive but intelligent individual who expresses their violence psychologically (constant criticism etc) rather than physically (assault). For the full profile, click here; to see and be able to recognise the four most common types of serial bully, click here.

Happy 牛 Year~!

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Post time 2010-1-11 09:16:43 |Display all floors
What does bullying do to my health?

Bullying causes injury to health and makes you ill. How many of these symptoms do you have?


•        constant high levels of stress and anxiety持续压力和焦虑程度很大
•        frequent illness such as viral infections especially flu and glandular fever, colds, coughs, chest, ear, nose and throat infections (stress plays havoc with your immune system)
•        aches and pains in the joints and muscles with no obvious cause; also back pain with no obvious cause and which won't go away or respond to treatment
•        headaches and migraines
•        tiredness, exhaustion, constant fatigue
•        sleeplessness, nightmares, waking early, waking up more tired than when you went to bed
•        flashbacks and replays, obsessiveness, can't get the bullying out of your mind
•        irritable bowel syndrome
•        skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis, athlete's foot, ulcers, shingles, urticaria
•        poor concentration, can't concentrate on anything for long
•        bad or intermittently-functioning memory, forgetfulness, especially with trivial day-to-day things
•        sweating, trembling, shaking, palpitations, panic attacks
•        tearfulness, bursting into tears regularly and over trivial things
•        uncharacteristic irritability and angry outbursts
•        hypervigilance (feels like but is not paranoia), being constantly on edge
•        hypersensitivity, fragility, isolation, withdrawal
•        reactive depression, a feeling of woebegoneness, lethargy, hopelessness, anger, futility and more
•        shattered self-confidence, low self-worth, low self-esteem, loss of self-love, etc

For the full set of symptoms of injury to health caused by prolonged negative stress (such as that caused by bullying, harassment, abuse etc) click here. For details of the trauma that results, click here.


More information on identifying and overcoming bullying and its effects on health is in my book Bully in sight: how to predict, resist, challenge and combat workplace bullying; click here for book details and click here to order a copy online. Bully OnLine and the UK National Workplace Bullying Advice Line are funded by sales of Bully in sight and David Kinchin's book Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: the invisible injury, and Neil Marr and Tim Field's book Bullycide: death at playtime, an expose of child suicide caused by bullying.

要对于识别和克服欺负行为及其对健康的影响的更多信息在我的《欺负看得见:如何预测、抵抗、挑战和打击职场暴力》一书中。点击这里获得该书信息,点击这里在线订购。Bully Online和英国全国防治职场暴力热线由《欺负看得见》及David Kinchin的《创伤后精神压力紊乱:看不见的伤》,及Neil Marr和Tim Field揭露因为欺负行为引起的儿童自杀一书《欺负自杀:游戏时间的死亡》,这些书销售收入所资助。

Welcome to Bully OnLine, web site of the UK National Workplace Bullying Advice Line where Tim Field shares his unique insight into bullying and its effects on health and profits. Explore the site by clicking the coloured text or mauve buttons at the bottom of each page. If you have question, see the frequently asked questions page.

欢迎来到Bully Online网站,英国全国防治职场暴力热线的网站。这里Tim Field分享了他对于欺负行为及其对健康和收益的影响的独特见解。

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Post time 2010-1-11 23:01:41 |Display all floors

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