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India as a Global Power|
India is the newest great power on the world stage, according to some. This status has been achieved only the last few years. India was always in a strong geographic position to exert great influence.
After the British Empire had seized possession of India, British Governor General of India Lord Curzon stated:
揟he central position of India, its magnificent resources, its teeming multitude of men, its great trading harbours, its reserve of military strength, supplying an army always in a high state of efficiency and capable of being hurled at a moment's notice upon any point either of Asia or Africa梐ll these are assets of precious value. On the West, India must exercise a predominant influence over the destinies of Persia and Afghanistan; on the north, it can veto any rival in Tibet; on the north-east . . . it can exert great pressure upon China, and it is one of the guardians of the autonomous existence of Siam. Possession of India gave the British Empire its global reach. Britain loses its status as a world power when it loses India. ?
After achieving independence in 1947, the new Indian government was marred by wars and internal religious turmoil ( Partition of India). The government eventually brought itself back together and set itself towards the goal of modernizing the economy. It engaged in a close relationship with the Soviet Union and defeated political rival Pakistan in 3 wars. However, it was not until the 1980s that India began to push itself to the status of a great power.
In the 1980s, India began increasing its political status in the world, the Indian Peace Keeping Force was deployed and India took over the Siachen glacier. However, not all actions went to plan and India's military buildup resulted in a weakened economy in the early 1990s, when its great ally the Soviet Union ceased to exist.Thus India's move towards a greater role in international relations had to slow down and the nation had to rebuild itself. With a booming population, India began to achieve impressive GDP growth which sits today at 9.2%. It was, by now, a strong military power which possessed nuclear weapons, it possessed a huge population accompanied by a rapidly growing economy. India's greater role as in global politics as a member of BRIC and the G4 pushed it into the forefront in terms of political influence. India has now established itself as an economic strength and some political analysts believe it could project its influence through the Indian Ocean, just as China earlier did in East Asia. India's new foreign affairs policy after the end of the Cold War has given it strong yet friendly political influence in numerous regions.
According to political analyst C. Raja Mohan:
揃arely 15 years after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, India's omnidirectional engagement with the great powers has paid off handsomely. Never before has India had such expansive relations with all the major powers at the same time梐 result not only of India's increasing weight in the global economy and its growing power potential, but also of New Delhi's savvy and persistent diplomacy. ?
The signing of a landmark nuclear deal with the United States, despite being non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, has proved India's political influence as the deal is against traditional U.S. policy with any nation. The fact that India is the world's largest democracy is appreciated by the United States..
India's ties with Japan, the only other democratic great power in Asia, have also grown, as Shinzo Abe has stated "It is of crucial importance to Japan's national interest that we further strengthen our ties with India, the most important bilateral relationship in the world". On 22 January 2007, India became only the fourth nation to complete atmospheric reentry, an indication of its recent scientific progress.
The CIA has labeled India the key "swing state" in international politics. It predicts that India will emerge by 2015 as the fourth most important power in the international system. Goldman Sachs predicts that, by 2030, the largest economies on earth will be China, the United States, India, and Japan in that order. India's growth has increased speculation that it will be the next superpower.
[ Last edited by masterkung at 2007-3-25 06:45 PM ]