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Institutional Racism .... [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2006-12-10 22:44:37 |Display all floors
Racist: A damning report on our schools
Official investigation leaked to 'IoS' reveals widespread 'institutional racism'
But ministers refuse to accept sweeping criticisms from experts
By Ian Griggs
Published: 10 December 2006

A high-level official report has found a compelling case that Britain's schools are "institutionally racist", but ministers are refusing to accept that conclusion. The report, leaked to The Independent on Sunday, reveals "systemic racial discrimination" in the country's education system, with three times more black children being excluded than whites.

The Government ordered a "priority review" into the issue last year. Its damning conclusions were delivered to ministers two months ago, but have not been released.

The report, written by Peter Wanless, director of school performance and reform, states: "The exclusions gap is caused by largely unwitting, but systematic racial discrimination in the application of disciplinary and exclusions policies."

But Lord Adonis, the Schools minister, is refusing to authorise the use of the term "institutional racism", despite being presented with a clear judgement that it was justified.

"A compelling case can be made for the existence of 'institutional racism' in schools," the leaked report reveals.

The report, entitled Getting It. Getting It Right, addresses why Afro-Caribbean pupils, in particular boys, are three times more likely than white pupils to be permanently excluded from school.

Every year 1,000 black pupils are permanently excluded from school each year and 30,000 more are banned for a limited period. By contrast it found black children are five times less likely to be officially registered as "gifted or talented". It weighs up whether "out-of-school" factors such as street culture cause black pupils to behave more aggressively in school. But it concludes that black pupils are disciplined more frequently, more harshly and for less serious misbehaviour than other pupils.

"While a compelling case can be made for the existence of institutional racism in schools, there is a comparatively weak basis for arguing that street culture has a more persuasive influence on black young people than it has on other young people," the report said.

The internal report supports experts who say: "The exclusion gap is due to institutional racism - decisions made by schools and their staff which have the cumulative effect of producing a racist outcome. It is argued that unintentional racism stems from long-standing social conditioning involving negative images of black people, particularly black men which stereotype them as threatening.

"Such conditioning is reinforced by the media portrayal of black 'street culture'. It encourages school staff to expect black pupils to be worse behaved and to perceive a greater level of threat and challenge in their interactions with individual black pupils."

The authors of the report stopped short of insisting that the highly controversial term be used, leaving the final judgement with the minister. "If we choose to use the term 'institutional racism', we need to be sensitive to the likely reception by schools [but] if we choose not to use the term, we need to make sure the tone of our message remains sufficiently challenging."

A Department for Education and Skills spokesman said: "In the light of this work, ministers concluded that it would be inaccurate and counterproductive to brand the school system as racist. However, there is more that schools, parents and the Government can do to ensure that every child fulfils their potential whatever their background."

About 100 schools and 20 local authorities have been identified as giving the most cause for concern. Schools could be in breach of their duties under the Race Relations Act 2000 that requires public bodies to eliminate unlawful racial discrimination.



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Whampoa
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Post time 2006-12-10 22:46:32 |Display all floors
Leading article: Put simply, racist
Published: 10 December 2006

Sometimes it takes a single phrase to make clear what had been cloudy. The finding that "a compelling case can be made for the existence of institutional racism in schools" in Britain is a good example. As The Independent on Sunday reports exclusively today, that is the phrase chosen by the authors of a government report - not yet published - on why black boys are so much more likely to be excluded from school.

In the report - Getting It. Getting It Right - written for the Department for Education and Skills, the authors agonise over whether to use the term "institutional racism", aware of the reaction it could provoke. In particular, they fear that it might demoralise teachers in the way that many blameless police officers were offended by its use in the Macpherson report in 1999. The phrase was made famous by the report on the Metropolitan Police's handling of the murder of Stephen Lawrence. Yet its use in that case undoubtedly had a dramatic effect on attitudes and organisation in police forces throughout the country. It is to be hoped that this report can achieve a similar beneficial change in the education system.

The central message of the education report is simple. There are only two possible explanations for the fact that black boys are three times more likely than other pupils to be excluded from school. One is that their family background or street culture makes them badly behaved. The other is that schools treat them differently. Clearly, there may be some truth in both explanations. The key question is the balance between the two. The authors of the report conclude that "in-school" factors are more important than "out-of-school" influences. What really matters, they say, is "largely unwitting but systematic racial discrimination in the application of disciplinary and exclusions policies".

This has been half-known since at least the 1960s. There is now ample evidence that black boys are more likely to be disciplined for less serious misbehaviour than either white boys or black girls. Yet much of the attention of policy-makers has been on "out-of-school" issues such as the allegedly dysfunctional role of fathers in Afro-Caribbean culture. It is to be hoped that the new report will, by bringing clarity to an issue confused by muddled thinking, administer the shock therapy that is required.

Many people, we accept, have their doubts about the concept of institutional racism. It seemed to include everything from an overtly racist "canteen culture", through the operation of unconscious assumptions held by police officers who regarded themselves as anti-racist, to the weakness of institutional rules and structures designed to ensure equal treatment.

Yet the Macpherson report prompted huge changes in attitudes that have transformed the police service over the past seven years. Had the authors of the education report pulled their punches, there might have been a few expressions of ministerial concern and promises to tighten up rules and guidelines. What is required above all, though, is a change in attitudes throughout the school system. The difference will be made by teachers and head teachers being aware that there is a problem of discrimination, and doing all they can to make sure that the same disciplinary standards are applied rigorously to all pupils.

If it takes the rough justice of the phrase "institutional racism" to achieve that end, its use in this report will be well worth it.



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Whampoa
When asked what they least admired about the West, they replied
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Post time 2006-12-11 07:10:12 |Display all floors
There was a time when I engaged some forumites in discussions as to the meaning of “racism”.

Some forumites said Chinese are “racist” because we distinguish them (the laowais) by their skin colour.

My argument is that it is not.

The meaning of racism is “the superiority of one race over another”.

It means if you have 2 persons of different races.  They are equal in everything except for their skin colour and yet one colour is favoured over the other in the opportunities of gain because of his skin colour.

Reading the above articles recently, it just confirmed my understanding when one talks about “racism”.

In other words, a “white” is treated better than a “black” for no other reason than being “white”.

So, can we say one is being “racist” because he/she pointed to a particular characteristics or tendency of another’s race?

I think not.

That meaning of “racism” which I have been taught (as confirmed by the articles above) still holds true – that is “the superiority of one race over another”


So if someone argues with you and makes accusation of “racism” against you on remarks which you have made about their particular traits, we know he / she has no basis to make that accusation of “racism” except to tweak its meaning to make a wrong accusation of you.

We also called that “fallacious” thinking – thinking that contains or is based on “false ideas”.

So, even if one calls one culture “superior” to another, it is not and not necessarily “racism”.

Guess what and why?


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Whampoa


[ Last edited by whampoa at 2006-12-11 07:15 AM ]
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Post time 2006-12-11 12:07:11 |Display all floors

Racism

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Post time 2006-12-11 13:03:11 |Display all floors
Originally posted by chairman at 2006-12-11 12:07
“the superiority of one race over another”

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That sums it up..



Like the Super Nazis RACE.........
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Post time 2006-12-11 13:03:47 |Display all floors
Originally posted by caringhk at 2006-12-11 13:03


Like the Super Nazis RACE.........


Or the JEWS running the Banking system of usa.....................
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Post time 2006-12-11 13:04:55 |Display all floors
Originally posted by caringhk at 2006-12-11 13:03


Or the JEWS running the Banking system of usa.....................


Or the DIVIDED AMERIKANS OVER REPLUBLICANS

OR DEMOCRATES DURING VOTING HUNTING TIMES!!!
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