Author: coolmax

中国英语专家敲定的常用中译英词组[转] [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2006-5-17 20:21:55 |Display all floors
3.  隆重集会                                      grand gathering?        
4.  热爱和平                                  peace loving?                     6.  履行权利和义务          perform the responsibilities and obligations         
7.  回顾奋斗历程            review the course of struggle   
              
16. 赢得一个又一个胜利      succeed success
17. 完全意识到         be fully aware that 充分  be completely完全aware that   

25. 响应号召                 respond to the call  or answer the call
26. 进入新时期               enter a new period  /enter into a new period      
27. 实行新政策         practice new policies /carry out implement new policies
30. 进入世界先进行列    edge into the advanced ranks in the world 不确定  
32. 吸收各国文明的先进成果    absorb what is advanced from other civilizations  
33. 与日俱增                 increase day after day
38. 进行和谈                hold peace talks or talks for reconciliation        
     
52. 进行战略性调整           make strategic readjustment adjustment>>??
54. 就...接受妥协         accept a compromise on /compromise on
55. 接受...的采访         be interviewed by/ in an interview by


二、经济类.  
4.  有巨大潜力           have(hold) huge potential for (a huge potential)
7.  阻碍...的经济发展  handicap (hamper) the economic development  or hinder
9.  有望达到(上升到)   be expected to reach  (rise to, be up to) hopefully
10. 造成很大压力        pose a big pressure on   impose great pressure on     
12. 缩小...间的距离   narrow the gap between   or minimize /reduce/bridge
13. 加快经济发展和结构调整  speed up economic development and restructuring
或step up      

16. 采取反垄断措施    take anti-monopoly measures to  (against)         
17. 加快努力           speed up efforts to  step up

19. 促进改革         promote reform   accelerate/catalyze                                       
21. 充分利用         make full use of fully utilize  put..to good use           
22. 把。。。列为基本国策  list…..as fundamental national policies (好象不对)
                  
31. 让...处于同一起跑线  put… on the same platform and at the same starting point   stand behind the same line.?
32. 赶超先进                    surpass the advanced or overtake
                  
59. 促进地区间的合作            promote (cross?)regional cooperation

66. 活跃市场                 enliven the market/ invigorate
74. 完善服务                perfect services /improve service
理解=>表达=》润色
understanding+expressing+polishing

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Post time 2006-5-17 20:44:56 |Display all floors
Agree. Usually we say to put the new policies into practice, or to implement the the new policies.

Where you see the expression "practice the policies", it usually means 遵守/执行 rather than 实行。e.g., Students should be familiar with and practice the policies listed in the Academic Honor Code.

Originally posted by ptbptb at 2006-5-17 19:44
27. 实行新政策 practice new policies

usually people say "implement" new policies rather than "practice".

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Post time 2006-5-17 21:00:35 |Display all floors
三、文化类



8.  保护文化遗产        protect cultural heritage (preserve)

12. 尊重知识,尊重人才      respect knowledge and respect competent people(good talents

27. 以全新的面貌进入新世纪         enter the new century with a brand-new colorful look      (colorful?)


33. 精心编写教材      compile the textbooks with great care (不对)


40. 容纳三千名旅客          accommodate 3000 passengers (or seat)
41. 发挥...的聪明才智   develop one’s own talents and wisdom(天生的)   
take advantage of??
45. 制止盗版软件        control the pirated software (prevent/crack down on)

47. 有力地推动教育的发展 (effectively)give a big push to the development of education


四、生态环保类

7.  防治污染         prevent and control pollution (prevent and cure)
9.  加强城市绿化        strengthen the greening of the city
10. 提高环境管理水平   raise(improve) the environmental management level
11. 享受国家一级保护   (under/receive) enjoy first-class protection of the State

14. 创造良好的生态环境        create a good ecological environment
15. 采用环保技术        adopt environment friendly technique

[ Last edited by hiy2004 at 2006-5-17 09:02 PM ]
理解=>表达=》润色
understanding+expressing+polishing

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Post time 2006-5-17 21:15:37 |Display all floors
要向rovi 和hiy 学习。

Originally posted by andrewyan at 2006-5-17 19:30
首先谢谢Coolmax!
这些短语都时尚也很实用,我不敢妄加评论,毕竟出自专家之手!

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Post time 2006-5-17 21:19:57 |Display all floors
If you stop the end of the match then you restart the match. hehe.

Originally posted by rovi297 at 2006-5-17 19:51
49. 鸣笛终止比赛 = blow a whistle to stop the end of the match

Is "the end of " necessary?

blow a/the whistle to end the match

blow a whistle to stop the match = to stop for a sh ...

[ Last edited by laoxianggg at 2006-5-17 09:21 PM ]

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Post time 2006-5-17 21:51:20 |Display all floors
20. 非常注重保护森林                pay great attention to the conservation of forest                             highly

23. 帮助减缓全球变暖速度            help slow down the pace of global warming
24. 保留为自然耕地                 reserve as natural farmland
25. 提高居民的环保和生态意识         improve residents’ environmental and ecological awareness   
26. 进一步加快环保规划             further speed up environmental protection plans
27. 完善城市基础设施建设           perfect the construction of urban infrastructure
28. 促进城市可持续发展             promote the sustainable development of the city
29. 符合举办奥运会的要求           meet the requirements of hosting the Olympic Games
31. 淘汰或改造燃煤锅炉             eliminate or convert coal-burning boilers
(innovate)?
34. 提高清洁能源的比重     increase the supply of clean energy resources(sources??)
36. 使用清洁能源                   burn clean fuel (adopt)
38. 关闭化工厂                     close chemical plants (shut down)
46. 坚持门前三包制度               adhere to “the three responsibilities in the gate area’

五、人口类
1. 进行全国人口普查             carry out national population census        (population is not necessary)

(hold high expectations)


23. 拒绝生小孩                  refuse to have a child(bear/give birth to)
24. 提出离婚                    ask for a divorce (propose)

29. 禁止他人作克隆人的实验   prohibit?   inhibit others from doing human cloning experiments

37. 尊重和保障人权             respect and guarantee(protect) human rights


六、体育类
1. 创立更多的(新的)世界纪录    set more (a new) world record(s)
5. 满意抽签结果                  satisfy with the draw (satisfied with)
6. 取得世界杯决赛资格          qualify for the World Cup finals(qualify不一定就进入了决赛)
7. 标志一个历史时刻              mark a historic time (moment)
12. 与强队竞争                   compete (along) with strong teams
14. 表现完美      give a perfect performance  give some very good performance
15. 同教练反应一致  什么意思       share the same reaction with their coach
24. 吸引中国大学生优秀选手       attract China’s top university players(歧义)
31. 参加热身赛          preliminary game?         take part in a key warm-up game
32. 建立职业联赛和俱乐部         set up a professional league and clubs联赛league matches
37. 蹦的                         dance in discos->  disco     
38. 提出比赛建议                 make comments/suggestions on the contests
39. 反对使用兴奋剂               oppose the use of performance-enhancing drugs
--------------------------------anti-doping

43. 超过世界记录                 surpass the world record-->break the world record.

47. 使中国以3∶2取胜            give the Chinese a 3-2 victory
/win by 3;2
48. 确保中国进入决赛 ensure China’s appearance in the final
49. 鸣笛终止比赛 blow a whilstle to announce the end of
理解=>表达=》润色
understanding+expressing+polishing

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Post time 2006-5-17 22:20:08 |Display all floors
本人认为,一个中文意思可以用多种英语表达方式来翻译,这种“敲定”,虽然有用处,但是也有弊病。即使对于初学者,也应该尽可能“授之以渔”,避免“授之以鱼”。

举例说:接受……采访 可以说 Mr. X was interviewed by Y. 还可以有许多种表达法:

Mr. X gave an interview to Y.
Mr. X had an interview with Y
In an interview with Y, Mr. X ...

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