- Registration time
- Last login
- Online time
- 2 Hour
- Reading permission
Here's one of his posts
The most heroic mass migration in recorded human history|
And the Great Chinese Patriot 渥巴锡 (Oebasius or Ubashi)
土尔扈特人, Kalmyks, also Kalmucks, one of the major tribal divisions of the Mongols who migrated to the lower Volga River region in eastern Europe in the early 1600s. The Kalmyks are unique among Mongols in practicing the Buddhist religion. A recorded literature in the Kalmyk language consists of myths, poems, legal codes, and historical narratives. About 1771 a group of some 300,000 Kalmyks on the east bank of the Volga River headed by their leader 渥巴锡 decided to return to China to escape cruel Russian domination. They took part in one of the largest and most heroic mass migrations in recorded history. Attacked en route by Russians and Turkic tribes, only a little over one-third of the group reached Xinjiang. There they settled in the fertile basin of 伊犁河 (the Ili River) on a spot hand-picked by the Qing emperor. Chinese all over the empire were moved by their heroic effort to return to their homeland, and sent donations of foods, cloth, and domesticated animals to ease Kalmyks' new found lives in Xinjiang.
渥巴锡 died of smallpox in January, 1775.
Some Kalmyks, those who resided on the west bank of the Volga River, and at the time of the heroic mass migration could not cross the river due to an unusually warm winter, stayed on the steppes of the Volga region, and their descendants still live there. In fact, they were recently visited by Chinese citizens who are direct descendants of 渥巴锡 (the 13th generation), and told extreme hardships they had to endure under Russians after the heroic mass migration. Kalmyks are also found throughout Central Asia. The tsarist government of Russia attempted to settle the Kalmyk nomads on a reservation near Astrakhan, and the Soviet government established a republic for them in 1935. After World War II the Kalmyks were punished for their war-time collaboration with the invading Germans, and were exiled in thousands to Siberia with their Kalmyk Republic abolished. Many Kalmyks escaped to Europe and the United States. In 1958 the Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was reconstituted, and many of the people were returned to the Volga River region. Today they make up more than half of the total population of Russia's Kalmyk autonomous region.