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Site of Sinking of Lisbon Maru and Humanitarianism of the Great Chinese People [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2005-4-6 12:53:57 |Display all floors
On 25th September 1942, 1816 British prisoners of war were assembled on the parade ground of Shamshuipo camp, Hong Kong. The prisoners were loaded on 27th September into lighters from the pier at the corner of Shamshuipo camp, and taken out to a freighter of some 7000 tons, the "Lisbon Maru." On the night of 30th September 1942, the U.S.S. "Grouper" (SS 214) of the 81 st division of the U.S. Pacific Fleet Submarine Force, was engaged in its second War Patrol in an area to the South of Shanghai. It was a bright moonlight night, and about 04:00 "Grouper" sighted about nine Sampans and a 7000 ton freighter, the "Lisbon Maru." At 07:04 "Grouper" fired three torpedoes at 3200 yards, her closest working range. None of which hit. The "Lisbon Maru" stayed on course, "Grouper" fired a fourth, and two minutes ten seconds later heard a loud explosion. "Grouper" came up to periscope depth and saw that the "Lisbon Maru" had veered about 500 to starboard and stopped. "Grouper" then lined up abeam to starboard of the "Lisbon Maru" for a bow shot.

The precise site of sinking of the "Lisbon Maru" is near the isle of Qingbang, Dongji Islands, in the eastern Zhoushan Archipelago. At the time of sinking, Chinese fishermen from Qingbang, Miaozihu, and Xifushan isles risked their lives, and rescued 384 prisoners of war from the sea. Survivors received a formal invitation from the City of Zhoushan to visit  the site of sinking this month (April, 2005). To the best of our knowledge, they will be the first foreigners to visit the site of the sinking of the "Lisbon Maru" since the war.

According to Mr. Wang Baorong, 81, who, with his brother-in-law, Mr. Tang Ruliang, saved 20 lives, there were about 30 sampans that participated in the rescue, and no Japanese patrol boats nearby. Mr. Shen Agui, also 81, was only 19 at the time of the incident. He lived on Qingbang isle, and was woken by a big bang at the dawn that day. About an hour later, a ship not too far away were seen to start to sink, and many onboard the "Lisbon Maru" jumped into the water. Mr. Shen, his father and his uncle got into a small boat and rushed to the sinking site. Seven british were brought back to the isle on the boat, and Mr. Shen's mother fed the wet, starving prisoners.

(to be continued)

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Post time 2005-4-6 18:27:56 |Display all floors

Hey cogito, your post reminds me of another ship sinking event and the peking ma

On April 1st, 1945, a Japanese ship named Awa Maru was torpedoed in the Taiwan Straits by an American submarine.The missing peking man skull is allegedly put aboard the Awa Maru by the Japanese. Chinese government made attempt to salvage the wreck in 1977 but failed.
In November 1941 Chinese scientists tried to get the Peking Man fossils to safety in the United States in the safe keeping of US Marines who were about to evacuate the country. Unfortunately, the plan to spirit the skulls out of the country was not to succeed for Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941 and all the US troops in China became prisoners of war. All five skulls mysteriously disappeared, and there has been no trace of them ever since.
http://english.people.com.cn/200311/03/eng20031103_127479.shtml

Some ship sinking sites remain mysterious for us to discover ^o^

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Post time 2005-4-6 19:26:49 |Display all floors

英国学者与舟山渔民 同忆东极大营救

( 2005年04月03日 16:11 )  

  63年前,一艘名为“里斯本丸”的日本运输船,载着1800余名英军战俘经过舟山群岛东极海域时遇袭沉没,淳朴的东极渔民驾着几十条渔船,冒死勇敢相救,共救起了384名英国人。现在,一位名叫“彭东尼”的英国人则把这一事件整理成英文版的《里斯本丸》出版,让这段历史浮出水面,让英国人知道这个鲜为人知的故事。

  今天(4月3日)下午,远道而来的英国学者彭东尼、香港第二次世界大战退伍军人会会长郑治平,在定海与三位当年参与过东极岛营救活动的老渔民见了面。大家畅所欲言,共同回忆那战火纷飞的岁月。三位老渔民虽已80多岁高龄,但对半个多世纪前的那一幕,依然记忆犹新。

  今年82岁的沈阿贵是东极青浜岛青南乡人,1942年10月1日“里斯本丸”号途经东极海域时被美国潜艇“鲈鱼”号击中,当时日军对英俘非但不加以施救,且封舱闭门,射杀自救落水的英俘。眼看着船头正在慢慢下沉,数百英国战俘在海上呼救,19岁的沈阿贵立刻驾着自己的小船,冒死前往营救,在事发海域共救起7名英俘。由于船太小,人一多就会漏水,沈阿贵赶紧一边把海水舀出,一边又把船划过去救人。他还发动其他渔民参与营救。沈阿贵说:“那天,单单青浜岛就出动了30多条渔船救人。有的船救10个,有的船救20个。”据调查,当年参加营救的渔民年龄最小的只有13岁,在世的还有13人。

  沈阿贵告诉记者:救上岸来的英国战俘奄奄一息,衣衫褴褛,有的甚至赤身露体。于是,热情的村民纷纷从家中拿来了衣服,送来了食物,又把英国人安顿到了庙中。当时由于吃饭人多,村民们不得不用二尺二的大锅烧。就这样刚住了两天,日军上岛来搜捕,将大部分英俘又带走了。最后仅有3名英国人被保护了下来,后辗转回国。

  彭东尼先前已对12位该事件的英军亲历者进行了访问,现在1人已去世,其他人生活在世界各地。他表示,第一次来舟山,主要是想寻访当年参与营救的舟山渔民,并了解当年情况,进一步充实《里斯本丸》(英文版)这部书的相关内容。彭东尼说:他在16年前看到一位英国军官为“里斯本丸”号沉没事件写的一首诗,深受感动,于是动了写作的念头,但真正着手还是近两年的事情。因为在英国,对这段历史知之者甚少,他希望这本书的出版,能揭露日本军国主义对英国战俘的暴行,颂扬舟山渔民的善良勇敢,让更多英国人了解这个故事。

  今年82岁的香港第二次世界大战退伍军人会会长郑治平表示,他和“里斯本丸”号上的许多战俘曾是战友,但后来失去了联络,直到二战结束时,才知道沉船事件。他为舟山渔民在如此恶劣的情况下救人举动深深感动,对他们的勇敢表示敬重。郑治平说,今年是反法西斯战争胜利60周年,他希望回到香港后策划一些相关活动纪念沉船事件。

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Post time 2005-4-6 20:09:26 |Display all floors

标题:援救英俘追记

栏目:史海钩沉
日期:2004.02.05
正文:
  第二次世界大战期间,香港沦入日军手中,英国军民,均成日军
俘虏,集中在俘虏营中。
  民国三十一年(1942年)10月,美国潜艇在普陀洋面,青浜、庙
子湖岛屿附近,击沉满载英国俘虏的日轮里斯本丸,船中有英俘千余
人,当里斯本丸遇袭被击中后,船舱立即进水,危险万状,英俘大部
分在该轮大舱中,日军不但不放他们出来逃生,反将大舱舱门紧闭,
经过众俘全力击撞,总算打开一门,得以逃生,逃生过程中因拥挤悲
惨呼号之声,可想而知(此情系由被救英俘所口述),当时英俘逃生
跳入海中者,均游向青浜、庙子湖等岛屿登岸,但登岸者旋即又被日
军搜捉回去,另轮送往日本,余均随轮沉没,英俘死了不少。只有英
俘詹姆斯顿、伊文思、法伦斯三人,当他们在青浜岛登陆时,由岛民
唐如良等迅速护送至岩石洞内藏起来,和给衣食,善尽照顾。
  定海县国民兵团抗敌自卫第四大队副缪凯运(一名舜耕)定海(
现属普陀)芦花乡人,是日适在葫芦岛岳家作客,闻讯冒险渡海,赶
赴青浜,唐如良得以将英俘伊文思等三人交与缪大队副带回,用帆船
乘夜渡海,途中几遭日艇查问,危险万状,天明安抵郭巨登岸。那时
我任定海县六桃朱普守备区主任兼抗敌自卫第四大队长,适在郭巨整
训部队,三名英俘到后,知系盟友,即以优礼相待,供食添衣,拍照
留念,嗣即派兵护送至象山苏(本善)县长处,旋由象山送往省府,
转送重庆,英俘在重庆广播,揭发日军虐俘事实,震撼世界,引起国
际公愤。
  日本投降,大战结束后,盟军统帅部,对此案颇为重视,除颁发
奖状奖金给我与唐如良等外,又奖赠青浜岛民渔轮一艘,渔轮久泊香
港,因时局关系,惜未移转,胡栋林到港,该轮有否被胡栋林卖了,
尚未查明。民国三十五年(1946年)9月,我去香港,与伊文思等三
人会晤甚欢,并承他们在香港酒店设宴款待,拍照登报,那时,伊文
思是英美烟草公司香港分厂厂长,詹姆斯顿任职英国驻华大使馆九龙
办事处,法伦斯在英国海军舰上服役。
  我任登步乡长时,聘凯运为鸡冠礁小学校长,抗战军兴,大家为
救乡救国,投笔从戎,参加抗敌自卫工作,凯运以功擢升为第四大队
大队副,往青浜救英俘,在日军舰艇严密环伺之下,可说是冒险犯难,
不顾生死,勇敢地抢救了三名英俘,实在功不可没。
  此文原刊于1985年5月出版的《舟山乡讯》第14期上。本报刊发
时略作删改。
  注:以上王继能称:缪凯运被害年月为民国37(公元1948)年有
误,根据史载,应改为民国36(公元1947)年为准,即死于王雪瑜之
前。
  杀害缪凯运先生的原定海县保警第三中队长、沈家门警军联防办
事处主任(抗战时的忠义救国军)王雪瑜,于民国37(公元1948)年
1月10日晨,在普陀芦蒲塔岭脚下小青岙,被徐小玉、芦瑞元(原为
缪凯运警卫员)游击队20余人伏击,共击毙6人。(摘自1948年1月12
日《定海日报》。)

作者:王继能

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Post time 2005-4-7 09:39:21 |Display all floors

Daydreamer

"In November 1941 Chinese scientists tried to get the Peking Man fossils to safety in the United States in the safe keeping of US Marines who were about to evacuate the country."

That sounds to me like giving treasure to one group of armed robbers just because another group is on their way to steal !!

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Post time 2005-4-7 11:07:53 |Display all floors

You are right, cogito.

Well said! They are another group of armed robbers. Ba Guo Lian Jun took many treasures away from China. The robbery  of 敦煌莫高窟(Dunhuang Mogao Caves) is one.

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Post time 2005-4-7 11:25:37 |Display all floors

Gansu - Dunhuang Mogao Caves

Dunhuang Mogao Caves, also known as "Thousand Buddha Grottoes", it's located at the rock side of the Singing Sand Mountain in Dunhuang city of Gansu Province. The 3 or 4 tier grottoes extend 1.6 kilometers. According to historical records, the Mogao Caves were carved in 366 AD. There are 492 grottoes in existence with some 45,000 square meters of murals, and 415 painted clay figures. It's worthy of the name of art treasure house of the Chinese Nation.
    The 275 grottoes carved in the later period of the Sixteen Kingdoms are the earliest remaining ones. There were marked influences of Buddhism from the west regions upon the murals. Take for instance " Jataka of the Deer King". It depicts how the king rescues the nine-colored deer. The steed the king rides was painted vividly and in bright colors. The divided state of the South and North Dynasties lasted nearly 200 years until the reunification in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, when there were increasing exchanges, particularly in the cultural fields between China and the states in western regions. The Dunhuang arts made further progress and entered into its booming period. In the Tang Dynasty, the arts of the Mogao Grottoes were at its highest level. The murals are all illustrations of Buddhist sutras, each covering a large area, with some as big as 65 square metres, and encompassing a whole wall.
    The Mogao Caves vary in sizes, with 37 being the smallest and 16 the largest covering each an area of 268 square meters. 96 caves are as high as 40 meters in 9 tiers extending from the foot to the top of the mountain. In spite of the erosion caused by wind and drifting sand for some thousand years, the murals still keep their bright colors and are clearly discernible.
     The murals in the Mogao Caves cover the illustrations of Buddhist sutra, Jataka, venerable images, Donors etc. The illustrations of Buddhist sutra make up the major part of the murals. Jataka is that of Buddhism, while the images are those of Buddhas, Bodhisattra, Lokapala, Vijrapani etc.
    The painted clay figures and the murals in Mogao Caves came into being at the same time. The ensuing thousand years witnessed their recreation, perfection as well as absorption of the merits of western ancient arts from India, Greece, Iran etc on the national basis. It has become a brilliant pearl in the Chinese art treasure troves.
200504071125dd7f.jpg

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