Author: cogito

China is THE GREATEST COUNTRY in the world, and here is why [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2005-3-29 12:54:21 |Display all floors

daydreamer, again you are only capable of picking on typos and grammas

see my next post.

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Post time 2005-3-29 12:56:14 |Display all floors

daydreamer, what does "greatest" mean?

"China is the greatest country in the world" means it is superior to other countries, so vice versa, the other countries are inferior!.  If you agree with cogito's thread, which says China is the greatest.... you would also agree that other countries are inferior.

Simple logic.

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Post time 2005-3-29 12:58:40 |Display all floors

daydreamer, u r blind

You said men are not equal.  I said I don't deny the existence of IQ, meaning I also agree each individual has his unique qualities, meaning men are not equal.  However, everybody should be given equal rights, not equal qualities.

You only attack, you don't listen.

Shut up stupid woman daydreamer!

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Post time 2005-3-29 13:03:13 |Display all floors

ilunga, I think cogito and daydreamer are both sad and desperate

I am so surprised that we have made no progress in reasoning with this couple of idiots.  They attack, they don't reason, they watch, they don't see.  The world is changing, more and more people try to reason.  If this stupid couple agrees that human beings evolve, they would soon understand that there are fewer and fewer people like them in this world.  Soon they will extinct,

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Post time 2005-3-29 13:04:29 |Display all floors

sadelsor, your points are good, but useless when trying to reason with idiots

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Post time 2005-3-29 18:06:48 |Display all floors

The Great Chinese Patriot 渥巴锡 (Oebasius)

土尔扈特人, Kalmyks, also Kalmucks, one of the major tribal divisions of the Mongols who migrated to the lower Volga River region in eastern Europe in the early 1600s. The Kalmyks are unique among Mongols in practicing the Buddhist religion. A recorded literature in the Kalmyk language consists of myths, poems, legal codes, and historical narratives. About 1771 a group of some 300,000 Kalmyks on the east bank of the Volga River headed by their leader 渥巴锡 decided to return to China to escape cruel Russian domination. They took part in one of the largest and most heroic mass migrations in recorded history. Attacked en route by Russians and Turkic tribes, only a little over one-third of the group reached Xinjiang. There they settled in the fertile basin of 伊犁河 (the Ili River) on a spot hand-picked by the Qing emperor. Chinese all over the empire were moved by their heroic effort to return to their homeland, and sent donations of foods, cloth, and domesticated animals to ease Kalmyks' new found lives in Xinjiang.

渥巴锡 died of smallpox in January, 1775.

Some Kalmyks, those resided on the west bank of the Volga River who at the time of the heroic mass migration could not cross the river due to an unusually warm winter, stayed on the steppes of the Volga region, and their descendants still live there. In fact, they were recently visited by Chinese citizens who are direct descendants of 渥巴锡 (the 13th generation), and told extreme hardships they had to endure under Russians after the heroic mass migration. Kalmyks are also found throughout Central Asia. The tsarist government of Russia attempted to settle the Kalmyk nomads on a reservation near Astrakhan, and the Soviet government established a republic for them in 1935. After World War II the Kalmyks were punished for their war-time collaboration with the invading Germans, and were exiled in thousands to Siberia with their Kalmyk Republic abolished. Many Kalmyks escaped to Europe and the United States. In 1958 the Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was reconstituted, and many of the people were returned to the Volga River region. Today they make up more than half of the total population of Russia's Kalmyk autonomous region.



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(from http://www.people.com.cn/GB/14838/22117/30560/30571/2195749.html )

东归英雄传

在和静县城街心公园的正中央,耸立着一座巨型汉白玉雕像,手持戟枪,顶盔亮甲,威骑在白龙驹上,他就是民族英雄——渥巴锡汗。

  渥巴锡汗,蒙古族,1742年出生于伏尔加河流域的蒙古族土尔扈特部,从小在其父兴学改革思想的影响下,受到很好的正规教育,直到大学毕业。他从小热爱劳动人民,热爱故乡中国。1761年继承土尔扈特部汗位,不堪忍受俄国沙皇政府日益加重的民族压迫,为求民族生存,于1771年1月率领全民族人民起义抗俄,历尽千难万险,于1771年7月才回到祖国怀抱,起义时的17万人众,最后只剩下7万余人,谱写了一部惊天地、泣鬼神的悲壮史诗。

  回归祖国后,清朝廷给予了很好地救济和安置。1775年1月,渥巴锡不幸死于天花,临去世前给西蒙古人民留下遗言:“安分度日,勤奋耕田,繁育牲畜,勿生事端,致盼致祷。”

  公元1771年1月5日,是土尔扈特历史上最光辉的纪念日。这天,渥巴锡向全体牧民历数沙俄残暴统治的滔天罪行,号召大家:只有奋起抗俄返回祖国才是唯一出路。顿时,伏尔加河辽阔的草原上发出了气壮山河的呼声:“我们的子孙永远不做奴隶,让我们到太阳升起的地方去!”渥巴锡率领三万二千帐十七万人组成的浩荡大军,消灭了数千沙俄官兵,烧掉了帐篷、带不走的东西和渥巴锡汗的木制宫殿,拔营起寨,惊天动地踏上了艰难险阻的万里归途。成千上万的妇孺和老人乘着马车,骆驼和雪撬,在跃马横刀的勇士们护卫下,离开了白雪皑皑的伏尔加河草原,一队接一队地迤逦前进。俄国女皇闻讯后惊恐万状,大发雷霆,立即派兵数万进行追击和阻截。沙俄政府对未能走脱的伏尔加河左岸土尔扈特人,采取了更加严密的防范措施,至使这部分蒙古族牧民未能跟随渥巴锡返回故乡。

  踏上征途的土尔扈特人,在前有哥萨克拦截,后有俄军尾追的紧急形势下,渥巴锡把起义大军组织得井井有条,一支精锐部队作为开路先锋,接着是妇女、老弱、车辆牲畜等辎重队伍,再次是渥巴锡率领的二万骑兵殿后。他们只用了八天时间,就到达乌拉尔河,把尾追之敌远远地抛在后面。先头部队以迅雷不及掩耳之势,摧毁了乌拉尔河上的俄国据点,使大队人马安全地从冰上过河,顺利地踏上了大雪覆盖的哈萨克草原。在长征途中,土尔扈特人在渥巴锡的率领下,英勇克敌,战胜了各种艰难险阻。在他们踏上哈萨克草原不久,一支外翼队伍遭到了哥萨克的突然袭击。这是一次惨绝人寰的战斗,由于土尔扈特部以分散的队形赶着大批的牲畜前进,在受到袭击时还没来得及集中力量,便展开了白刃搏斗,致使九千名战士壮烈牺牲。二月初,土尔扈特的东进队伍来到奥琴峡谷,山口被一支庞大的哥萨克骑兵抢先占据,整个队伍无法前进。在这紧急关头,渥巴锡指挥若定,亲率五队骆驼兵从正面猛攻。策伯克多尔济则率领一支训练有素的枪队从后面袭击,彻底歼灭了拦截之敌,为牺牲的同胞报仇雪恨,使大队人马顺利通过了峡谷。

  土尔雇特部经过多次激烈战斗,大批人员牺性,大量牲畜死亡。严冬过后,酷暑来临,在漫长的征途中,疾病侵袭,饥饿折磨,疲惫不堪的队伍扶老携幼,在艰难中苦苦挣扎。当到了土尔阶河的时候,又突然遇到俄军两万多人的严密封锁,在这生死存亡的严重关头,渥巴锡召集各部首领,动员大家团结抗敌,坚持到底!策伯克多尔济在会上慷慨陈词:“如果走回头路,每一步都会碰到亲人和同伴的尸骨。这里是奴隶的国度,而中国才是理想之邦,让我们奋勇前进,向着东方!向着东方!!”这一席激昂的陈词,尤如战鼓擂响在每一个战士的胸膛。土尔扈特人民众志成城,同仇敌忾在强大的敌人面前以一当十,奋不顾身,击退了拦截部队,强渡土尔阶河,机智地摆脱了追击的敌人,迅速向南跨入伊逊草原,越过沙俄边界小堡坑格勒图拉,终于踏上了祖国的领土。公元1771年7月他们来到伊犁西南塔木哈卡伦附近,起行时的十七万大军至此只剩下七万多人,说明沿途战斗的残酷!他们蓬头垢面,形容枯槁,靴鞋俱无,但却终于实现了回归祖国的夙愿。

  新疆各族人民和清朝政府对土尔扈特部返回祖国表示热烈欢迎。将其安顿在今天的博尔塔拉和巴音郭楞地区。这段历史也被《东归英雄传》搬上了银幕。电影以东归历史为背景,讲述了东归行动前期策伯克多尔济、巴木巴尔、达什敦克多等人与沙俄军周旋战斗,保护东归线路图的一段惊心动魄的故事。最后沙俄犬牙得到了线路图,但那是张假图,真正的东归路线图被刺在了主人公的背上……。

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Post time 2005-3-30 09:01:30 |Display all floors

??

What does this silly post have to do with friendship, love and relationship. Cogito, what was you smoking??

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