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US restriction on scientific collaboration with China opposed [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2019-6-9 09:06:10 |Display all floors
(Xinhua) The recent U.S. moves to throw a wrench into its scientific collaboration with China are "counterproductive" and could "backfire," scientists and policy advisors have warned.

It came as the U.S. government is tightening visa restrictions on Chinese students and scholars, and is unduly profiling Chinese scientists in the United States, which caused deep worries among the country's scientific community.

The impulse to "close off external access to U.S. research" is likely to be "counterproductive" and backfire in "mutually-reinforcing ways," said Helen Toner, director of strategy at Georgetown University's Center for Security and Emerging Technology.

A man consults a stand for an American university during an education exhibition in Beijing on May 7, 2016. [File Photo: IC]

Toner said so in her testimony at a hearing on Friday before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission under the U.S. Congress. She highlighted the risks of blocking U.S.-China collaboration on Artificial Intelligence (AI), one of the emerging technologies which the U.S. Commerce Department is seeking to implement an export control.

Toner said that restrictive measures on collaboration are likely to slow down the pace of research progress within U.S. university and corporate labs, which would damage their standing on the world stage and reduce their market share in AI-enabled products and platforms.

Norman R. Augustine, a member of advisory boards to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and Department of Energy, said at a seminar on Tuesday in the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) that America's research and engineering enterprise could not function "if not for the contribution of foreign-born individuals who came here to study."

His sentiments were shared by Eugene Chudnovsky, a professor of the City University of New York. Chudnovsky told Xinhua in an email interview that in the last 30 years, "China has been a huge source of new materials and designs for the United States, as well as of doctoral students in physics, chemistry, and engineering."

Chudnovsky recently drafted an open letter to President Donald Trump, calling upon the U.S. government to immediately stop the campaign of intimidation of ethnic Chinese scientists.

The letter, published on June 3 by the Committee of Concerned Scientists (CCS), listed multiple cases in which ethnic Chinese scientists were intimidated and harassed in a campaign of massive investigation.

"Positions of some prominent Chinese-American scientists have been terminated without due process, their students and laboratories have been left in limbo, with some being closed and the remaining staff being laid off," read the letter issued by CCS, an independent non-profit organization to promote scientific freedom.

"The indiscriminate investigation and harassment of ethnic Chinese scientists should have no place in the United States," said Chudnovsky.

Also, it is "unwise" to drive Chinese researchers away, said Augustine, who called for "very deliberate, precautionary steps" in the U.S. endeavor to maintain its technological advantage.

The United States "should be greatly indebted many of these individuals coming from China," said Augustine, who is also the former chairman and chief executive officer of Lockheed Martin.

"We should continue to bring China's best students and researchers here to the U.S.," since the United States "benefited immeasurably from its open research system," Richard Lester, associate provost for international activities at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), said at Tuesday's CSIS event.

The latest Nature Index, an indicator for international scientific collaboration, showed that China and the United States are still top collaborators to each other, both generally and in multiple sectors.

Many U.S. policy advisors said the competition with China should proceed with openness instead of working to decouple collaborations.

At Friday's hearing, Jeffery Ding, China lead for the Center for the Governance of AI at University of Oxford, said in his testimony that much of current U.S. policy is focused on scrutinizing how Chinese firms and government-aligned entities turn a startup idea or scientific research into large-scale commercial applications, in what he called a "reactive strategy."

The United States should instead increase investment in research and development rather than imposing too broad and not well-targeted restrictions to foreign students, according to Lester, MIT's associate provost.

Toner also recommended that the U.S. Congress take actions to lift numerical limits on visas, reduce processing time and application burdens, not the other way around, in order to bolster U.S. competitiveness.

Lester cited MIT President Rafael Reif as saying that "if all we do in response to China's ambition is to try to double-lock all our doors, I believe we will lock ourselves into mediocrity."

"But if we in the United States respect China as a rising competitor with many strengths we can learn from, that view will inspire America to be its incomparable best," wrote Reif in an opinion article.

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Post time 2019-6-10 10:21:26 |Display all floors
If the US keeps stifling international cooperation that would bring off compelling breakthroughs in advancements in tech/sci, then it's going to be the start of the end of US domination in this area.
Believe it or not, it's true.

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Post time 2019-6-11 23:00:50 |Display all floors
rinimabi Post time: 2019-6-11 14:38
if the world remains silent on china's attempt to dominate the world market by stealing and cheati ...

It would be naive to assume that the US never steal to attain and maintain its domination on the world stage, its theft started in the 1700s, and it still does it today.
Believe it or not, it's true.

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Post time 2019-6-13 10:17:02 |Display all floors
Liononthehunt Post time: 2019-6-11 23:00
It would be naive to assume that the US never steal to attain and maintain its domination on the w ...

Perfectly correct to state that statements, else many Yanks could be too naïve to know the truths about their own American daylight spying, robbing, stealing, scavenging, killing and destroying over the centuries of its existence, ever since the lands of the Red Indians of Greater America were seized by the invading Yanks from the Irish land mainly such as the family of a nasty and dirty S Bannon who prided himself boldly akin stupidly !

They had been stealing lots and lots over the centuries by acting as international policemen and preaching their religious fevers as the supreme one in the world; though spying, killing, destroying, stealing and robbing on the way became norms as seen in fiery actions inside China, Vietnam, Iraq, Afghan, etc… etc…etc ! A very sad, depriving, inhumane and shameful civilization; hasn't it been ?

Just because other nations are catching up by leaps and bounces whilst the USA has been spending trillions dollars ( though deliberately milled to fool about with its status of Reserve Currency ---> i.e. currency manipulating at will ) warring in other lands to steal economic positions and advantages over the victims, American politicians under a drunken Trump Administration are asserting to smash up China in particular with a crowbar and golf stick . Suddenly, smart Chinese students, researchers and scientists residing in the USA including Huawei are being perceived as spies for China.  Very hilarious cartoon picture; isn't it ?

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Post time 2019-6-14 15:27:47 |Display all floors

US has a great president of all times! He is none other than Donald Trump!
Who is a man that is made of substance with determination to close US from the rest of the world.
Locking US in and out from the rest of the world will bring more attention to US as China did and then upon reopening will leap forward with full power!
Not bad for US to learn from China!

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Post time 2019-6-14 16:25:02 |Display all floors
GhostBuster Post time: 2019-6-14 15:27
US has a great president of all times! He is none other than Donald Trump!
Who is a man that is ma ...

re: "Not bad for US to learn from China!"

  Unfortunately, they're unable to learn...

Ask them to dictate other Countries; dear me, they most certainly feel at home...

  But them is 'Once upon a time'.
     Ask the Queen of England about it and you'll be told to go back to a Commonwealth school to learn its the Queen of England, Scotland Wales & Northern Ireland
  Mind you, she has the title of Queen of Australia and has reigned since 6 February 1952...

The Queen also rules these 16 countries which are called the Commonwealth realms:
Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, The Bahamas, Tuvalu and the UK.
The current Canadian monarch and head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952...

Declaring war is within the set of powers known as the Royal Prerogative, and Elizabeth II can not only declare war on behalf of the UK, but several other nations too.

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