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pnp Post time: 2019-4-15 12:22
Considering the fact that China is a secular society, and the Communist Party of China is a non-re ...
Communism is atheist by nature. Marx once stated that "Religion is the opium of the people". He despised religion and banned it. While Marx rejected religion, Lenin saw religion as being negative to human and social development. Therefore, any country which followed Marxist-Leninist dogma were atheistic and anti-religion. During the Cultural Revolution, Communists in China tried to wipe out everything that had anything to do with religion, including traditional Chinese religions.
Freedom of Religion in China really did not come into play until the new Constitution of 1982. Article 36 of the Chinese constitution says that citizens “enjoy freedom of religious belief.” It bans discrimination based on religion and forbids state organs, public organizations, or individuals from compelling citizens to believe in—or not believe in—any particular faith. The State Council, the government’s administrative authority, passed new regulations on religious affairs, which took effect in February 2018, to allow state-registered religious organizations to possess property, publish literature, train and approve clergy, and collect donations. Yet alongside these rights come heightened government controls. The revised rules include restrictions on religious schooling and the times and locations of religious celebrations, as well as monitoring of online religious activity and reporting donations that exceed 100,000 yuan (around $15,900).
While religious belief is protected under the constitution, the constitution does not guarantee the right to practice or worship. Religious practices are limited to "normal religious activities", however "normal" is not defined and can be broadly interpreted. The State recognizes five "Religions": Buddhism, Catholicism, Daoism, Islam, and Protestantism. The practice of any other faith is formally prohibited. Judaism, which has approximately 15 million followers, is banned in China, along with Hinduism, which has 900 million followers.
Personally, I am an agnostic. However, I recognize people's right to worship and/or follow any religion they wish. You can practice the Jedi faith if you want to, or even be a Pastafarian, I don't care. The important fact is that I recognize your RIGHT to follow whichever religion you desire. THAT is freedom of religion. Allowing the recognition of only five religions is not Freedom of Religion.