Views: 1990|Replies: 6

Is China winning the Declared War on Pollution? [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9

Post time 2019-3-4 10:04:11 |Display all floors
(CGTN)Smog welcomes the arriving delegates from around the country to the annual “Two Sessions” in Beijing. It becomes both a reminder and a signal of how challenging it is to fundamentally address air pollution. A reminder also means a sense of urgency.

This signal reminds decision makers that restructuring the industrial and energy sectors is among the top priorities for the coming years in order to win the “Declared War on Pollution” and the “Blue Sky Protection Campaign.”

The “Two Sessions,” which are the annual meetings of the National People's Congress (NPC) and of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), are now underway in Beijing, where thousands of delegates meet up to listen to and review Chinese Premier's Working Report of the previous year and also debate on and approve the work plan of the new year.

It is also very important to note that environmental protection and ecological security have been listed among the top agenda of the Two Sessions in recent years.

The War on Pollution was announced in 2013 when air, water and soil pollution were declared to be priority tasks for both the government and the country. A nationwide campaign was kicked off to first target air pollution under such flagships as the “Ten-Year Action Plan.”

Since then, the country has experienced amendment of environmental laws and regulations, as well as of air pollution prevention and control laws and regulations. When the amended Law of Environmental Protection became effective on January 1, 2015, it was praised as the first piece of environmental legislation with “teeth.” Why?

The amended legislation today imposes criminal liabilities and prison terms when serious violation occurs. Both administrative and financial penalties are lifted up to the level that cannot be “ignored.”

As part of the effort, Premier Li Keqiang, when addressing the NPC in 2017, announced the “Blue Sky Protection Campaign” to accelerate the actions to deliver outcomes, with a particular focus on key regions, such as the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

How has the task been delivered? The national government and local governments have been making efforts to monitor the ambient concentration of air pollution and report the API (air pollution index) every day.

Such reporting has also been turned into a forecasting by integrating weather forecasts and meteorological information to remind people of what is coming up. In the meantime, the government issues warnings to the public for protective measures and even bans on certain activities when pollution is heavy.

Statistically, cities like Beijing demonstrate a general trend of better air quality in terms of number of days when smog is bad or not.

The national Campaign has also inspired social innovation in the age of social media and digitalization. BeijingAirNow, a local NGO, makes a great illustration with a daily photo record of the ups and downs of the PM2.5 concentration and releases the information via social media.

Six years have passed. Hundreds of social media hits and such an endeavor is now turned into Big Data empowered by photo AI that could be scaled nation-wide and globally when every individual can participate and learn about air quality in their community or where they travel.

And to make the case, the photo record of the air quality in Beijing echoes the government's monitoring record. The conclusion is China is on track to win the Declared War on Pollution and delivers the commitment of the Blue Sky Protection Campaign.

And yet, challenges remain. As illustrated by both government monitoring and BeijngAirNow, there is a long journey ahead.

Fundamentally, the country has to drive through its ambition and commitment to restructure its energy sector so that clean energy dominates its energy structure at a pace and scale aligned with the set targets and goals.

Coal today dominates China's primary energy landscape. But on the other side, the world has witnessed a continued growth of renewable energy, from both installations and the renewable energy marketplace.

This year's Two Sessions shall focus on how to accelerate the progress to align the ambition to address air pollution and deployment of clean energy.

Efficiency and productivity have proven to be a new asset opportunity for companies to capture today. A clean energy revolution cannot possibly be won without fully capturing energy efficiency.

Enabled by AI and digitalization, companies, from both energy and other sectors, can capture a new asset of energy by deploying the energy Internet of Things (IOT). China's Trina Solar, a world-leading solar PV panel manufacturing, is becoming a leader in energy IOT.

This is literally transforming the conventional business model from selling panels to being an energy service provider.

Energy users embrace a similar opportunity, and even bigger. The 4th Industrial Revolution, as represented by technology breakthroughs in physical, biological and digital disciplines, are literally redefining how we produce products, provide services, build and operate infrastructure, as well as how we consume.

This is redefining how to consume energy too. Hai'er, a leading home appliances manufacturer headquartered in Qingdao, is becoming a smart home company.

From refrigerators to air conditioners, from washing machines to cookers, households are given the control of energy consumption via mobile devices.

At the local level, the island province of Hainan has become the first to end the sale of petrol and diesel vehicles and move toward 100-percent electrification of vehicles, started on March 1, 2019.

To protect air quality and become a Green Island, Hainan has also committed to totally phasing out petrol and diesel vehicles by 2030.

To put this in perspective, China, among some other countries, committed to 100 percent EV sales in 2030. Hainan leads China's effort 11 years ahead of others, at least.

Looking out of the window, I know that I shall not stay outdoors much today. The Beijing municipal government agency has texted a message to my mobile phone saying it is an Orange Alert day of heavy air pollution.

Not only today but this coming four days, vehicles that fall below GB emissions standards, and those that transport construction waste, gravel and muck, shall not drive on the road. This is a good demonstration of how the efforts are coming together in China to systemically address air pollution.

But as I mentioned earlier, the Two Sessions this year shall look into how to accelerate actions and solutions to address some fundamental and root causes in order to deliver the Blue Sky commitment to its people.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2019-3-4 12:47:22 |Display all floors
Indeed, China is doing whatever it can...

  However, other Countries control the media:   

  The US$1bn Petra Nova project at the WA Parish power plant in Texas, where he proclaimed that the project was “helping to reduce the carbon footprint by some 40%”. Do just a little homework and you’ll find that the CCS plant is only reducing the plant’s net CO2 emissions by just 4.5%, and only comes close to making sense with a carbon price well over US$100. The economics are a little worse for Saskatchewan’s Boundary Dam power station, the only other large scale CCS/coal plant in the known universe.

  The coal sector would prefer you didn’t know about the Kemper project, which may soon become the world’s third CCS/coal plant, but here’s a quick summary: it’s small (528 MW net), has similar emissions to combined cycle gas but is 16 times as expensive, is US$5.7bn over initial budget and a decade after receiving its first tranche of taxpayer largesse, it still doesn’t work.

  None of Australia’s HELE plants fall within the 800–880g CO2/kWh (equivalent to 800–880kg CO2/MWh) range for supercritical generation.

  China leads the world with ultra-supercritical technology — 19% of current coal generation capacity and 58% of coal generation capacity under construction is using the technology, yet outside of China the take up is much lower: 4% of global operating capacity and less than one third (29%) of capacity under construction.

  The ultra-supercritical Unit 3 of the Danish Nordjylland Power Station claims to hold the world record for most efficient coal utilisation. Tellingly, Australia has built five coal power stations since Nordjylland was commissioned and none have chosen to use ultra-supercritical technology.

Perhaps the main reason we haven’t seen ultra-supercritical technology applied more widely, and not at all in Australia, is that the technology costs significantly more than subcritical technology.

  Read more:
https://www.quora.com/How-clean- ... Coal-Power-stations

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2019-3-4 21:20:48 |Display all floors
I admit that China has won an important victory on the anti-pollution movement that was launched with firm measures since President Xi took office!  But the struggling against pollution on air, water and soil will last forever as our life and production go on! That looks like the shadow which always follows your body no matter where you go!
Here let me tell you what happened in my place this afternoon :
It was the second time I saw one worker from that garage was pouring waste paint into the drain near the school gate! Everyone knows the terrible chemicals would heavily pollute the river running through the town! Last time told that worker the seriousness of his wrongdoing:His boss might be fined a large sum of money by the environment-protection authority! I advised him to collect the waste into a bucket for professional treatment or directly burn it like petrol in the car that will bring less pollution to us!  This time I decided to have a face-to-face talk with his boss although it was not my business!  The clever leader welcomed me with smile who soon accepted my advice!  
Childish pure  mindset can simplify your life which let you live in a light way! Without man-made troubles you will work in high efficiency!

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2019-3-4 21:28:44 |Display all floors
Indeed, China is doing whatever it can...

  However, other Countries control the media:   

  The US$1bn Petra Nova project at the WA Parish power plant in Texas, where he proclaimed that the project was “helping to reduce the carbon footprint by some 40%”. Do just a little homework and you’ll find that the CCS plant is only reducing the plant’s net CO2 emissions by just 4.5%, and only comes close to making sense with a carbon price well over US$100. The economics are a little worse for Saskatchewan’s Boundary Dam power station, the only other large scale CCS/coal plant in the known universe.

  The coal sector would prefer you didn’t know about the Kemper project, which may soon become the world’s third CCS/coal plant, but here’s a quick summary: it’s small (528 MW net), has similar emissions to combined cycle gas but is 16 times as expensive, is US$5.7bn over initial budget and a decade after receiving its first tranche of taxpayer largesse, it still doesn’t work.

  None of Australia’s HELE plants fall within the 800–880g CO2/kWh (equivalent to 800–880kg CO2/MWh) range for supercritical generation.

  China leads the world with ultra-supercritical technology — 19% of current coal generation capacity and 58% of coal generation capacity under construction is using the technology, yet outside of China the take up is much lower: 4% of global operating capacity and less than one third (29%) of capacity under construction.

  The ultra-supercritical Unit 3 of the Danish Nordjylland Power Station claims to hold the world record for most efficient coal utilisation. Tellingly, Australia has built five coal power stations since Nordjylland was commissioned and none have chosen to use ultra-supercritical technology.

Perhaps the main reason we haven’t seen ultra-supercritical technology applied more widely, and not at all in Australia, is that the technology costs significantly more than subcritical technology.

  Read more:
https://www.quora.com/How-clean- ... Coal-Power-stations

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2019-3-5 00:35:40 |Display all floors








China may and must do more!

No pollution war will ever be won until and unless the world goes hand-in-hand with concerted unison world wide effort to stamp it our.

With US burning and discharging more air pollutants and finger pointing at others, the world population is facing new pollution problems!

No end to this!








Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2019-3-5 23:17:56 |Display all floors
All of us should do more.

China, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka are the 5 biggest culprits in ocean dumping. These five countries combined are responsible for nearly 60% of the plastic waste being dumped in the ocean.Feb 8, 2017




Which country is the highest per capita emitter of carbon dioxide?

The biggest absolute emissions come from China and the United States.
In terms of CO2 emissions per capita, China is ranked only ranked 47th, at 7.5 metric tonnes per capita.
The US is ranked 11th at 16.5 per capita and amongst countries with sizeable populations, has the highest CO2 emissions per capita.Oct 25, 2017



Top 5 most polluting countries:

China (30%) The world's most populated country has an enormous export market, which has seen its industry grow to become a serious danger to the planet. ...

United States (15%) The world's biggest industrial and commercial power. ...

India (7%) ...

Russia (5%) ...

Japan (4%)
Anger is an acid that can do more harm to the vessel in which it is stored than to anything on which it is poured. Mark Twain

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2019-3-11 16:25:36 |Display all floors
Saul Post time: 2019-3-5 23:17
All of us should do more.

China, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka are the 5 bigge ...

re: thanks 4 your fair comparison...
                   China is ranked only 47th, at 7.5 metric tonnes per capita.
     while the uncle Sam is ranked 11th, at 16.5 metric tonnes per capita.

What you say is rather true;  during the Iran/US-444 days  rescue operation, the Iranians simply followed the path of consumed MT coke cans and defeated them...

  Some years later the Vincennes, july 1988, uncle Sam's  (USS Vincennes) shot down Iran Air Flight 655  by a missile cruiser on July 3, 1988 over the Strait of Hormuz, killing all 290 people...

Use magic tools Report

You can't reply post until you log in Log in | register

BACK TO THE TOP
Contact us:Tel: (86)010-84883548, Email: blog@chinadaily.com.cn
Blog announcement:| We reserve the right, and you authorize us, to use content, including words, photos and videos, which you provide to our blog
platform, for non-profit purposes on China Daily media, comprising newspaper, website, iPad and other social media accounts.