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Recently, Guam hit the headlines, |
the Chamorro people flourished as an advanced, horticultural and hunting society. They were expert seafarers and skilled craftsmen familiar with intricate weaving and detailed pottery who built unique houses and canoes suited to this region of the world.
Colonized around the 17th century Jesuit missionaries arrived on Guam to introduce Christianity...
During the course of the Spanish administration of Guam, lower birth rates and diseases reduced the population from 12,000 to roughly 5,000 by 1741...
On June 21, 1898, the United States capured Guam during the Spanish–American War...
US military governed Guam, the "USS Guam", and the US Navy opposed proposals for civilian government until 1950...
During World war 2, Guam was invadedby the Imperial Japanese Army on December 8, 1941. The Japanese immediately renamed the island "Omiya Jima" (Great Shrine Island).
Guam Organic Act of 1950 which established Guam as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States.
Although Public Law 94-584 established the formation of a "locally drafted" constitution (later known as the "Guam Constitution"), the proposed document was rejected by Guam residents in an August 4, 1979 referendum.
Today, Guam remains an unincorporated territory despite referendums and a United Nations mandate to establish a permanent status for the island...
Guamanians, as the U.S. government calls them, are now U.S. citizens by birth. However, unlike citizens in America’s 50 states, they cannot vote for president. And just like citizens of Washington D.C. and the other U.S. territories—Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and American Samoa—Guam’s 162,000 people have no voting representatives in Congress.
The total number of eligible food stamps residents is 55,983 last fiscal year.
As of 1 January 2017, the population of Guam was estimated to be 173 023 people.
Just three times the size of Washington, D.C., roughly 28 percent of Guam is occupied by the U.S. military.
Chamorro people, who make up approximately 37 percent of Guam’s population, their sense of identity is in conflict with the United States, whose citizenship they have (but not its full rights). Even if you imagine Guam to be an intimate part of the U.S., that sentiment is not reciprocated..
“Why is the government of Japan willing to pay so much money to transfer Marines from Okinawa to Guåhan (the Chamorro name for Guam) if it’s such a great thing?
Reflecting on being a military colony, “America justifies its military might as the spread of democracy whereas here in Guam, which is currently still U.S. soil, democracy doesn’t exist. How can you justify doing that all over the world when in your own backyard you are doing just the opposite?”