dusty1 Post time: 2016-7-12 11:09
This is about China's illegal occupation of other countries terrority. I don't remember Iraq or Sy ...
Why not be free from any bias?
The international community has a lot on its plate nowadays, such as the global financial crisis, a massive refugee crisis fueled by chaos in the Middle East, Ukrainian crisis, etc. But the reality is that, as long as the US feels free to maneuver without consequence, it will continue to do so, fueling tensions with that could easily turn into an all-out conflict, derailing Asia’s rise.
This post was edited by sfphoto at 2016-7-12 15:09
The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention. The Tribunal is composed of 21 independent members, elected from among persons enjoying the highest reputation for fairness and integrity and of recognized competence in the field of the law of the sea. The Tribunal has jurisdiction over any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, and over all matters specifically provided for in any other agreement which confers jurisdiction on the Tribunal (Statute, article 21). The Tribunal is open to States Parties to the Convention (i.e. States and international organisations which are parties to the Convention). It is also open to entities other than States Parties, i.e., States or intergovernmental organisations which are not parties to the Convention, and to state enterprises and private entities "in any case expressly provided for in Part XI or in any case submitted pursuant to any other agreement conferring jurisdiction on the Tribunal which is accepted by all the parties to that case" (Statute, article 20).
UNCLOS established the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) based in Hamburg to settle maritime disputes in accordance with its provisions. The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) based in The Hague -- not to be confused with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) also based in The Hague –– is not authorized by UNCLOS to interpret its provisions.
Established by treaty at the First Hague Peace Conference in 1899, the Permanent Court of Arbitration is the oldest global institution for the settlement of international disputes. The Court offers a wide range of services for the resolution of international disputes which the parties concerned have expressly agreed to submit for resolution under its auspices. Unlike the International Court of Justice, the Permanent Court of Arbitration has no sitting judges: the parties themselves select the arbitrators. Another difference is that sessions of the Permanent Court of Arbitration are held in private and are confidential. The Court also provides arbitration in disputes between international organisations and between states and international organisations.
The Western media is portraying the PCA as the designated UN court for UNCLOS even though the PCA was created in 1899 -- five decades before the founding of the UN! The PCA is not a UN body and it has nothing to do with UNCLOS which was signed only in 1982!
This post was edited by abramicus at 2016-7-12 12:59
The PCA has neither authority nor jurisdiction over matters of territorial sovereignty, unless the parties to the arbitration have agreed beforehand to respect its awards, which agreement being absent, its authority to award is nil.