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Who Was "The White Man's Burden" Really? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2015-5-17 18:08:34 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2015-5-17 18:14

Right after the breakout of the Second Battle of Manila, February 4 and 5, 1899, British writer and poet, Rudyard Kipling, published a poem on February 5, 1899, in the New York Sun, entitled "The White Man's Burden: The United States and The Philippine Islands", that reads:

Take up the White Man's burden--
Send forth the best ye breed--
Go, bind your sons to exile
To serve your captives' need;
To wait, in heavy harness,
On fluttered folk and wild--
Your new-caught sullen peoples,
Half devil and half child.

Take up the White Man's burden--
In patience to abide,
To veil the threat of terror
And check the show of pride;
By open speech and simple,
An hundred times made plain,
To seek another's profit
And work another's gain.

Take up the White Man's burden--
The savage wars of peace--
Fill full the mouth of Famine,
And bid the sickness cease;
And when your goal is nearest
(The end for others sought)
Watch sloth and heathen folly
Bring all your hope to nought.

Take up the White Man's burden--
No iron rule of kings,
But toil of serf and sweeper--
The tale of common things.
The ports ye shall not enter,
The roads ye shall not tread,
Go, make them with your living
And mark them with your dead.

Take up the White Man's burden,
And reap his old reward--
The blame of those ye better
The hate of those ye guard--
The cry of hosts ye humour
(Ah, slowly!) toward the light:--
"Why brought ye us from bondage,
Our loved Egyptian night?"

Take up the White Man's burden--
Ye dare not stoop to less--
Nor call too loud on Freedom
To cloak your weariness.
By all ye will or whisper,
By all ye leave or do,
The silent sullen peoples
Shall weigh your God and you.

Take up the White Man's burden!
Have done with childish days--
The lightly-proffered laurel,
The easy ungrudged praise:
Comes now, to search your manhood
Through all the thankless years,
Cold, edged with dear-bought wisdom,
The judgment of your peers.

Kipling originally wrote this poem for Queen Victoria's Silver Jubilee in 1897, but later decided to offer it instead to Theodore Roosevelt in November 1898, to encourage him to take the Philippines.

China may have serious disputes with the Philippines on parts of her claimed territory, but China has no designs to steal the sovereignty of a nation from its people.  This cardinal difference is missed by those who advocate an "all out war" with China.  Over what?  Islands that the Chinese governments and fishermen have owned and used long before the Spaniards took over the archipelago?  This is not a fight about the sovereignty of the Philippines, but a fight about the facts of ownership of islands that predated the First Philippine Republic of 1898 even.  There is a world of difference about losing one's sovereignty, and losing to a valid claim by a neighbor of a part of one's territory.  The former is an unendurable disgrace, the other is a matter of honor, to be accepted with grace.

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Post time 2015-5-17 21:29:43 |Display all floors
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Post time 2015-5-17 23:11:22 |Display all floors

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Post time 2015-5-18 05:15:18 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2015-5-18 05:39
seneca Post time: 2015-5-17 21:29
The White Man who had come to carry the natives' burden has gone, and in his wake have come the Ch ...

Seneca, you are trying to pull wool over the eyes of the Filipino people again.  The Battle of Manila is about the sovereignty of an entire nation.  So far, ever since the mistaken claim of the Spratly Islands by the Philippines since 1956, on the theory it was Terra Nullius simply because Mr. Tomas thought he was the first discoverer of the islands (which shows how late, in fact, was the Philippine "discovery" of the Spratly Islands), there has been no military operation by China to evict its misguided and misinformed occupiers for nearly 60 years.

In contrast, it took the Fillipinos' erstwhile "ally" and "liberators" only two weeks to begin military action to evict the entire army of the First Philippine Republic, then about 20,000-strong, from their own capital, upon hearing of the ratification of the First Philippine Republic on January 23, 1899, by starting a gunfight with a Filipino patrol on February 4, 1899, on the outskirts of Manila.

Two short weeks!

And, it was not about some outlying islands being contested.  It was about the sovereignty of the entire Philippine nation, already legally established ahead of the Battle of Manila on February 4-5, 1899, and the subsequent rushed ratification of the Treaty of Paris by the US Congress on February 6, 1899.

And now, the Philippines wants more foreign troops stationed inside her sovereign territory, on the theory that they would help defend Philippine soveriegnty, when in fact, they have already begun to diminish it from its the very core to its periphery, by limiting the scope of action of their own government?

The historical amnesia of the Philippine people can be forgiven, because when China was plying the South China Sea, it was being ruled by the Spanish colonists, who made them focus on growing crops that their mother Spain needed, such as tobacco, sugar and palm.  As their own documents prove, they were unaware of even the existence of the Spratly Islands until 1956, and thought they "discovered" it.

Now, compound that with its historical amnesia for "what happened to the First Philippine Republic" and you can understand how its current leaders are adopting a "solution" to China that they had applied to Spain, with catastrophic results.  Not only was Aguinaldo eventually captured two years and two months after the ratification of the First Philippine Republic by traitors (whom the Filipino people never really cared to identify and castigate), so was one of its past Presidents captured and kept in Hawaii, for keepsake.  And, historically, these were the two most powerful presidents the Philippine people ever had, morals aside.

The best evidence of the continual erosion of the core sovereignty of the Philippines is its gradual loss of control over one of its richest islands, Mindanao, that makes its Spratly claims look like chump change.  Foreign powers are fully involved and invested in the outcome of the negotiations between the Philippine government and the "rebels", which is not bad in itself, were it not for the fact that it leaves wide open the door for full secession, that can be facilitated by the same foreign powers mediating the peace.  A bird in hand (Mindanao) is worth more than a dozen birds in the bush (Spratly Islands), especially when they were not "discovered" by the Philippines until 1956, which was 11 years after it achieved independence, and really belonged to China for the past thousand years.

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Post time 2015-5-18 08:06:39 |Display all floors
It is not white man burden.        It is the MIC (Military Industrial Complex) owned by Anglo-Americans super elites from the US and UK, that wanted to instigate war in South China Sea. These are a group of sociopath christian warmongers, who want to profit from war.   Look at their trillions of dollars spend on building a nuclear arsenal in the US that can destroy earth many times over.  

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Post time 2015-5-18 10:29:54 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2015-5-18 10:33
sfphoto Post time: 2015-5-17 23:11

President McKinley also said just before the above paragraph you quoted, the following:

"Hold a moment longer! Not quite yet, gentlemen! Before you go I would like to say just a word about the Philippine business. I have been criticized a good deal about the Philippines, but don’t deserve it. The truth is I didn’t want the Philippines, and when they came to us, as a gift from the gods, I did not know what to do with them. When the Spanish War broke out Dewey was at Hongkong, and I ordered him to go to Manila and to capture or destroy the Spanish fleet, and he had to; because, if defeated, he had no place to refit on that side of the globe, and if the Dons were victorious they would likely cross the Pacific and ravage our Oregon and California coasts. And so he had to destroy the Spanish fleet, and did it! But that was as far as I thought then."

If you believe that, I can sell you the Brooklyn Bridge, and the rest of Manhattan to boot.

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Post time 2015-5-18 11:21:30 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2015-5-18 11:24

The point of this thread is not to denigrate the Filipinos for being a burden, or the American government for acting as though they were, but to bring to light an aspect of Philippine history that demonstrates the fact that sovereignty cannot be obtained with foreign arms, not then, not now, and not in the future.

The simple fact about the Spratly Islands where Mr. Tomas sank the Philippine flag in 1956 is that while he thought he was the first "discoverer" of the islands, and the then President Garcia also thought so, because of its proximity to the shores of Palawan, it was an honest MISTAKE.  These islands actually had been invaded and taken over by the Japanese, and their chief island that Mr. Tomas did not care to talk about or explore would have told him that the Spratly Islands were far from being Terra Nullius, but Chinese territory to begin with, subsequently invaded by the Japanese, and ceded back to China as part of the terms of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender of 1945.  The Republic of China, in September 1956, immediately sent ships to secure the main island in the Spratlys that the Japanese had previously occupied and ceded back to China, that the Japanese named Itu Aba (called Ligao Island by the Philippines hence).  Thereafter, the "honest mistake" of Mr. Tomas is no longer so honest, as he then sold his claim to the Philippine government for one Philippine peso, which is costing the Philippines a heck of a security and economic problem because of the "threat" by China to take it back.  The move by the Republic of China (in Taiwan) to take over Itu Aba is not a part of the so-called "Communist expansion plot" being bandied about in the Western media.  It occurred in 1956, by the anti-communist government in Taiwan.  There is no ideology involved here.  There is no expansion here.  There is only a China that is reminding all claimants to its sovereign territory that they were mistaken in thinking that these islands belonged to nobody - they belonged to China before, and belongs to China, even now.

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