Views: 1796|Replies: 13

Time for China and Japan to Have a Settling of Accounts - Starting with Potsdam. [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2015-5-7 14:30:16 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2015-5-7 14:50

Potsdam Declaration -  
Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender Issued at Potsdam, July 26, 1945  
   
         
  • We-the President of the United States, the President of the National Government of the Republic of China, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, representing the hundreds of millions of our countrymen, have conferred and agree that Japan shall be given an opportunity to end this war.
  • The prodigious land, sea and air forces of the United States, the British Empire and of China, many times reinforced by their armies and air fleets from the west, are poised to strike the final blows upon Japan. This military power is sustained and inspired by the determination of all the Allied Nations to prosecute the war against Japan until she ceases to resist.
  • The result of the futile and senseless German resistance to the might of the aroused free peoples of the world stands forth in awful clarity as an example to the people of Japan. The might that now converges on Japan is immeasurably greater than that which, when applied to the resisting Nazis, necessarily laid waste to the lands, the industry and the method of life of the whole German people. The full application of our military power, backed by our resolve, will mean the inevitable and complete destruction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland.
  • The time has come for Japan to decide whether she will continue to be controlled by those self-willed militaristic advisers whose unintelligent calculations have brought the Empire of Japan to the threshold of annihilation, or whether she will follow the path of reason.
  • Following are our terms. We will not deviate from them. There are no alternatives. We shall brook no delay.
  • There must be eliminated for all time the authority and influence of those who have deceived and misled the people of Japan into embarking on world conquest, for we insist that a new order of peace, security and justice will be impossible until irresponsible militarism is driven from the world.
  • Until such a new order is established and until there is convincing proof that Japan's war-making power is destroyed, points in Japanese territory to be designated by the Allies shall be occupied to secure the achievement of the basic objectives we are here setting forth.
  • The terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine.
  • The Japanese military forces, after being completely disarmed, shall be permitted to return to their homes with the opportunity to lead peaceful and productive lives.
  • We do not intend that the Japanese shall be enslaved as a race or destroyed as a nation, but stern justice shall be meted out to all war criminals, including those who have visited cruelties upon our prisoners. The Japanese Government shall remove all obstacles to the revival and strengthening of democratic tendencies among the Japanese people. Freedom of speech, of religion, and of thought, as well as respect for the fundamental human rights shall be established.
  • Japan shall be permitted to maintain such industries as will sustain her economy and permit the exaction of just reparations in kind, but not those which would enable her to re-arm for war. To this end, access to, as distinguished from control of, raw materials shall be permitted. Eventual Japanese participation in world trade relations shall be permitted.
  • The occupying forces of the Allies shall be withdrawn from Japan as soon as these objectives have been accomplished and there has been established in accordance with the freely expressed will of the Japanese people a peacefully inclined and responsible government.
  • We call upon the government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed forces, and to provide proper and adequate assurances of their good faith in such action. The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction.
                  
Has Japan lived up to its end of the deal in Good Faith?  Will Japan continue to abide by the Potsdam Declaration as agreed to in its Instrument of Surrender of September 2, 1945?  If not, what are China's rights of redress and enforcement?

Instrument of Surrender of the Japanese Empire – September 2, 1945

We, acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions set forth in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China, and Great Britain on 26 July 1945 at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the Allied Powers.

We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated.

We hereby command all Japanese forces wherever situated and the Japanese people to cease hostilities forthwith, to preserve and save from damage all ships, aircraft, and military and civil property, and to comply with all requirements which may be imposed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by agencies of the Japanese Government at his direction.

We hereby command the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters to issue at once orders to the commanders of all Japanese forces and all forces under Japanese control wherever situated to surrender unconditionally themselves and all forces under their control.

We hereby command all civil, military, and naval officials to obey and enforce all proclamations, orders, and directives deemed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to be proper to effectuate this surrender and issued by him or under his authority; and we direct all such officials to remain at their posts and to continue to perform their non-combatant duties unless specifically relieved by him or under his authority.

We hereby undertake for the Emperor, the Japanese Government, and their successors to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration in good faith, and to issue whatever orders and take whatever action may be required by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by any other designated representative of the Allied Powers for the purpose of giving effect to that declaration.

We hereby command the Japanese Imperial Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters at once to liberate all Allied Prisoners of War and civilian internees now under Japanese control and to provide for their protection, care, maintenance, and immediate transportation to places as directed.

The authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the State shall be subject to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, who will take such steps as he deems proper to effectuate these terms of surrender.

Signed at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 09.04 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945

Mamoru Shigemitsu (重光 葵)
By Command and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government

Yoshijirō Umezu (梅津 美治郎)
By Command and in behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters

Accepted at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 09.08 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945, for the United States, Republic of China, United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and in the interests of the other United Nations at war with Japan.

Douglas MacArthur
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers

C. W. Nimitz
United States Representative

Hsu Yung-chang
Republic of China Representative

Bruce Fraser
United Kingdom Representative

Kuzma Derevyanko
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Representative

Thomas Blamey
Commonwealth of Australia Representative

Lawrence Moore Cosgrave
Dominion of Canada Representative

Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque
Provisional Government of the French Republic Representative

C. E. L. Helfrich
Kingdom of the Netherlands Representative

Leonard M. Isitt
Dominion of New Zealand Representative


Use magic tools Report

2018 Most Popular Member 2018 Most Popular Member 2016 Most Popular Member Medal Gold Medal

Post time 2015-5-7 20:42:52 |Display all floors
Reminder: Author is prohibited or removed, and content is automatically blocked

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 6Rank: 6

Post time 2015-5-8 11:45:57 |Display all floors
The proper document is "The Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China" signed on August 12, 1978.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2015-5-8 16:12:00 |Display all floors
sfphoto Post time: 2015-5-8 11:45
The proper document is "The Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic o ...

The basis for the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the PRC is the Potsdam Proclamation and the Japanese Instrument of Surrender of 1945.  Remove the basis, and the treaty of 1978 becomes invalid.  This is what Japan must realize.  This is not a joking matter.

If Japan does not want to continue WWII with China's modern weapons, then it better rethink about reneging on the Potsdam Proclamation and Instrument of Surrender of 1945.

No Potsdam, No Japan.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 6Rank: 6

Post time 2015-5-9 07:37:29 |Display all floors
This post was edited by sfphoto at 2015-5-9 13:22

Here's a computer simulation of the diffusion of radioactive water contaminated with cesium off Fukushima in the Sea of Japan:



This means the food supply (fish stock) off the Sea of Japan is contaminated with radioactive water from Fukushima. If the Fukushima nuclear crisis does not get resolved soon, the nuclear reactor will continue to leak radioactive water to the Sea of Japan thus poisoning the food supply of Japan in perpetuity.

Should Shinzo Abe worry about Potsdam or Fukushima?

NO FUKUSHIMA, NO JAPAN.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2015-5-9 16:19:00 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2015-5-22 12:52

RUSSIA, CHINA AND WWII ALLIES MARK 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF VICTORY ON MAY 9, 2015

There were Four Powers, collectively called the "Allied Powers", to whom Japan surrendered on September 2, 1945, which are the the US, UK, Russia, and China.  Every article of Japan's Instrument of Surrender applies to each of these powers, and remain obligations of Japan to fulfill and to maintain, as a pre-condition to its being spared the outcome outlined in the Potsdam Proclamation of July 26, 1945, to wit, in case Abe forgets,

"Article 13:  The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction."


That was less than 70 years ago.

Not 700 years ago, Mr. Abe.  Your victims are still hurting from the carnage your people inflicted on other nations who never, ever once attacked your country.   Japan, not China, not Korea, is the real aggressor.

Japan has no right to pretend it is defending itself in arming itself to attack China or other countries all over again.  This is spelled out clearly in the Potsdam Proclamation of July 26, 1945, which terms were accepted by Japan and incorporated into its official Instrument of Surrender of September 2, 1945, to wit:

"Article 6:  There must be eliminated for all time the authority and influence of those who have deceived and misled the people of Japan into embarking on world conquest, for we insist that a new order of peace, security and justice will be impossible until irresponsible militarism is driven from the world.

Article 8:  The terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and
Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine."

And what does the Cairo Declaration state?

Cairo Declaration Issued December 1, 1943 simply and concisely stated the following which by virtue of its acceptance by the government of Japan of the terms of surrender of the Four Allied Powers, has the force of TREATY, and is enforceable on Japan by any or all of the Allied Powers, and supersedes the Post-War Constitution of the Japanese Empire, whose head of state remains the Japanese emperor to this date, bound by the same treaty Japan signed on September 2, 1945.

"Cairo Declaration of 1943:

The several military missions have agreed upon future military operations against Japan. The Three Great Allies expressed their resolve to bring unrelenting pressure against their brutal enemies by sea, land, and air. This pressure is already rising.

The Three Great Allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. They covet no gain for themselves and have no thought of territorial expansion. It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the first World War in 1914, and that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and The Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China. Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed. The aforesaid three great powers, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, are determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent.  With these objects in view the three Allies, in harmony with those of the United Nations at war with Japan, will continue to persevere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan."

HAS WWII REALLY ENDED FOR JAPAN, OR IS IT TO BE ENDED IN 2015?

Diaoyudao belongs to the "other territories which she/Japan has taken by violence and greed" as it was illegally annexed by Japan on January 14, 1894, in the midst of the yet unconcluded First Sino-Japanese War of 1894, which was formally ended by the Treaty of Shimonoseki on April 17, 1895, and thus constituted one of the territories which she has taken by violence and greed.  There is no doubt about who is right or wrong in the sovereignty dispute over Diaoyudao.  If Diaoyudao is the deal-breaker as regards Japan's Instrument of Surrender of 1945, then the terms of the Potsdam Proclamation remain enforceable by any or all of the Allied Powers referenced in its Instrument of Surrender, that includes China and Russia.  And so, we are not facing the possibility of a WWIII, but rather, the continuation of WWII, under the terms of the Potsdam Proclamation, with the force of an international treaty, i.e., the Instrument of Surrender of the Japanese Empire of 1945.  



Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2015-5-9 16:30:42 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2015-5-9 16:37
sfphoto Post time: 2015-5-9 07:37
Here's a computer simulation of the diffusion of radioactive water contaminated with cesium off Fuku ...

IF JUST

IF JUST ONE NUCLEAR PLANT IN FUKUSHIMA HAS ALREADY DONE THIS TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN AND ITS COASTAL AREAS, IMAGINE WHAT ANOTHER RECKLESS JAPANESE WAR OF AGGRESSION COULD END UP DOING TO THE PACIFIC REGION AND THE NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICAN CONTINENTS!

SHOULD JAPANESE MILITARISM BE ENCOURAGED, OR SHOULD IT BE STOPPED?

Use magic tools Report

You can't reply post until you log in Log in | register

BACK TO THE TOP
Contact us:Tel: (86)010-84883548, Email: blog@chinadaily.com.cn
Blog announcement:| We reserve the right, and you authorize us, to use content, including words, photos and videos, which you provide to our blog
platform, for non-profit purposes on China Daily media, comprising newspaper, website, iPad and other social media accounts.