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you are right
Look at the context. Yes, Descarte was a Frenchman, who usually wrote in French, but wrote this phrase in Latin. English words change within 50 years too. "Sophisticated" has been used as both an insult and a compliment in the last 50 years. And of course, in "Through the Looking Glass", the Queen of Hearts states "When I use a word, it means whatever I want it to mean."|
So for what Descarte's really mean't by that phrase, one needs to look at Descartes philosophy as a whole, to place it in context. To paraphrase, 95% of everything that you are told can bed discarded immediately as nonsense, the other 5% can be examined rigourously to determine it's truth or utility, and once you have satisfied your own belief system/methodology , then it is true to you, regardless of it's external truth. That is, if you percieve it to be true, then it is, and that is it's whole truth. It has no other truth outside of that. (Existentialist thinking).
It's probably worth noting that Descarte was expelled from France for his heresy, and that he snuck back in on occasion in disguise to make a lot of money at the casinos.
In this context, I claim that Descarte phrased that statement in Latin in order for their to be ambiguity of it's meaning, but in accordance with his broader philosophy, I say that "cogito" is best translated as "percieve".
Coming back to "sum", how is "totality" and "I am" any different?