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A Psalm of Life By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882) [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2014-5-30 16:14:27 |Display all floors

A Psalm of Life

-----What the heart of the young man said to the psalmist

By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882)

Tell me not, in mournful numbers,

Life is but an empty dream!--

For the soul is dead that slumbers,

And things are not what they seem.

Life is real! Life is earnest!

And the grave is not its goal;

Dust thou art, to dust returnest,

Was not spoken of the soul.

Not enjoyment, and not sorrow,

Is our destined end or way;

But to act, that each to-morrow

Find us farther than to-day.

Art is long, and Time is fleeting,

And our hearts, though stout and brave,

Still, like muffled drums, are beating

Funeral marches to the grave.

In the world's broad field of battle,

In the bivouac of Life,

Be not like dumb, driven cattle!

Be a hero in the strife!

Trust no future, howe'er pleasant!

Let the dead Past bury its dead!

Act,--act in the living present!

Heart within, and God o'erhead!

Lives of great men all remind us

We can make our lives sublime,

And departing, leave behind us

Footprints on the sands of time;

Footprints, that perhaps another,

Sailing o'er life's solemn main,

A forlorn and shipwrecked brother,

Seeing, shall take heart again.

Let us, then, be up and doing,

With a heart for any fate;

Still achieving, still pursuing,

Learn to labor and to wait.

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Post time 2014-5-30 16:15:00 |Display all floors
人生颂(人生礼赞)
-----年青人的心对歌者说的话

不要在哀伤的诗句里告诉我:
“人生不过是一场幻梦!”
灵魂睡着了,就等于死了,
事物的真相与外表不同。

人生是真切的!人生是实在的!
它的归宿决不是荒坟;   
“你本是尘土,必归于尘土”,
这是指躯壳,不是指灵魂。

我们命定的目标和道路  
不是享乐,也不是受苦;
而是行动,在每个明天  
都超越今天,跨出新步。

智艺无穷,时光飞逝;
这颗心,纵然勇敢坚强,
也只如鼙鼓,闷声敲动着,
一下又一下,向坟地送丧。

世界是一片辽阔的战场,
人生是到处扎寨安营;
莫学那听人驱策的哑畜,  
做一个威武善战的英雄!

别指望将来,不管它多可爱!
把已逝的过去永久掩埋!  
行动吧--趁着活生生的现在!
心中有赤心,头上有真宰!

伟人的生平启示我们:  
我们能够生活得高尚,
而当告别人世的时候,  
留下脚印在时间的沙上;

也许我们有一个兄弟     
航行在庄严的人生大海,  
遇险沉了船,绝望的时刻,
会看到这脚印而振作起来。  

那么,让我们起来干吧,
对任何命运要敢于担戴;  
不断地进取,不断地追求,
要善于劳动,善于等待。

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Post time 2014-5-30 16:15:18 |Display all floors
An Analysis of Longfellow's A Psalm of Life

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow begins his poem "A Psalm of Life" with the same exuberance and enthusiasm that continues through most of the poem. He begs in the first stanza to be told "not in mournful numbers" about life. He states here that life doesn't abruptly end when one dies; rather, it extends into another after life. Longfellow values this dream of the afterlife immensely and seems to say that life can only be lived truly if one believes that the soul will continue to live long after the body dies. The second stanza continues with the same belief in afterlife that is present in the first.

Longfellow states this clearly when he writes, "And the grave is not its goal." Meaning that, life doesn't end for people simply because they die; there is always something more to be hopeful and optimistic for. Longfellow begins discussing how humans must live their lives in constant anticipation for the next day under the belief that it will be better than each day before it: "But to act that each to-morrow / Find us farther than to-day."

In the subsequent stanza, Longfellow asserts that there is never an infinite amount of time to live, but art that is created during one's life can be preserved indefinitely and live on long after its creator dies. In the following stanzas, Longfellow likens living in the world to fighting on a huge field of battle.

He believes that people should lead heroic and courageous lives and not sit idle and remain ineffectual while the world rapidly changes around them: "Be not like dumb, driven cattle! Be a hero in the strife!" His use of the word "strife" is especially interesting, since it clearly acknowledges that life is inherently difficult, is a constant struggle, and will never be easy. Longfellow then encourages everyone to have faith and trust the lord and not to rely on an unknown future to be stable and supportive.

He advises people to seize the moments they have before them and act while thinking about their present situations. Longfellow continues his poem by citing the lives of great and important men who were able to lead incredible lives and leave their marks. He views these men as role models for people who have yet to live their lives; Longfellow encourages his readers to leave their own "footprints on the sands of time" and become important.

The next stanza, the second to last in the poem, continues with this same point. It describes how successful people in the past have their lives copied, while those who failed serve as examples of ways of life to avoid. The final lines of the poem echo the beginning ones and offer perhaps the most important advice in a poem that is chocked full of it. Longfellow encourages all to work and try their hardest to make their lives great and accomplish as much as they can.

Longfellow conveys his message the same way he did in the rest of the poem: by speaking directly to the reader and providing his reasoning for believing in something more, in something better. Longfellow ensures his followers that the rewards for what they achieve will come eventually-if not in this lifetime, then, certainly, in the next.

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Post time 2014-6-5 18:09:09 |Display all floors
Thanks for sharing! Love your poster!

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Post time 2014-6-27 21:32:11 |Display all floors
This post was edited by liu5222512 at 2014-7-22 00:34

Poetic form and structure
It consists of nine quatrains,rhymed abab,cdcd,efef
It can be divided into four pars
Part one  (stanza 1-3)
Part two  (stanza 4-6)
Part three(stanza 7-8)
Part four  (stanza 9)

Theme
The poem reminds us that life is not a dream,but very real,and urges us to live it to the full and not sit around waiting for death.
It says that the purpose of life is not to have fun or indeed to suffer but to do something.
It also reminds us that although mankind has lived a long time our own individual time on earth is limited and will pass very quickly,with each heartbeat a further step towards the grave.So try,like great men of the past,to make something of yourself in your short time on earth and leave behind something by which to be remembered.

Breif analysis to the poem
In several of his poems,the reader will find examples of life,love,death,contemplation,and inspiration.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow begins his poem “A Psalm of Life” with enthusiasm that continues through most of the poem.
For example,he thinks life can only be lived truly if one believes that the soul will continue to live long after the body dies.

The second stanza Longfellow states this clearly by writing,”And the grave is not its goal”.Meaning that,life doesn’t end for people simply because they die;there is always something more to be hopeful and optimistic for.
He believes that people should lead heroic and courageous lives and not sit idle and remain ineffectual while the world rapidly changes around them:
“Be not like dumb,driven cattle!Be a hero in the stife!”(Part Ⅴ)
Longfellow encourages everyone to have faith and trust the lord and not to rely on an unkown future to be stable and supportive.(Part Ⅵ)

He advises people to seize the moments they have before them and act while thinking about their present situations.
Longfellow encourages his readers to leave their own “footsteps on the sands of time” and become important.(part Ⅶ)

The final lines of the poem echo the beginning ones and offer perhaps the most important advice in a poem.
Longfellow encourages all to work and try hardest to make their lives great and accomplish as they can.
Longfellow uses a simple and clear way to express the impassioned attitude to life.
The poem inspired the readers and received a great success.

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