Author: fiorey

Why prostitution cannot be legalized in mainland China   [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2014-2-22 09:41:01 |Display all floors
vf84tcat Post time: 2014-2-22 07:33
So you're unable to produce any examples?

Amsterdam Travel: Sex Tourism and Human Trafficking

Every year, millions travel to Amsterdam to see the Van Gogh museum, bicycles and canals, lovely cobblestone streets… and the prostitutes. Amsterdam is one of the most well-known sex tourism destinations. The sex industry is big business there, and it brings in 1.1 billion annually (about 5% of  Netherland's GDP).

But prostitution (legal or not) comes with consequences: it is estimated that Amsterdam sees about 1,000-7,000 victims of human trafficking annually. Human trafficking refers to the enslavement of people, not the transport of humans (although that is often part of the equation). Human trafficking can involve forced labor, but 80% of cases deal with sexual exploitation. UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) lists the Netherlands as the number one destination for human trafficking victims, a consequence of the legality of prostitution.

Prostitution is legal in Amsterdam,  for better or worse, but most of the prostitutes are working illegally. Because the Netherlands does not issue work visas for prostitution, only European citizens are supposed to work in the sex industry.  However, prostitutes travel (often with their expenses paid by a pimp) from Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia to work in Amsterdam's red light district. Approximately 80% of the prostitutes in Amsterdam are not EU citizens, and many of them are victims of human trafficking. In 1960, though,  95% of prostitutes in the Netherlands were Dutch, and human trafficking wasn't on the radar. And, of course, before the EU, borders were less open and travel within Europe (perhaps with prostitutes in tow) was more difficult. Today, domestic trafficking accounts for only one fourth of the number of victims; the rest come from overseas.

But human trafficking isn't as black and white as it sounds. Many women wouldn't say they were "forced" into prostitution, but rather that they were "coaxed." One method, perhaps the most common, is called the "loverboy" or "pimp boy" technique. The loverboy seduces a young girl and convinces her to work as a prostitute. (Boys can be trafficked too, but more than 80% of the victims are girls or women). In one study, conducted by a church organization, approximately 90% of prostitutes were drawn into the sex industry through a love affair. But then, some of these sex workers like their jobs. Many of the prostitutes are sending money home to their families. Human trafficking has some grey areas, and so does sex tourism.

According to one report, Dutch clientele make up about half of the customers in the red light district, and the rest are travelers. So, are sex tourists indirectly supporting human trafficking or just enjoying what the country offers? Many of the men who visit prostitutes in Amsterdam probably wouldn't consider paying for sex in their home country (especially illegally). Sex tourists certainly include child abusers, pornography makers, and men who will have sex indiscriminately with women and children. There is also a certain collective character among them, despite their diversity: men who travel to enjoy inexpensive sex create "loose, temporary networks". So, camaraderie among sexual fiends and child abusers is a consequence of sex tourism...where might that lead?

Still, the sex tourists aren't the only guilty ones in the situation, nor is human trafficking the only consequence of prostitution. One report on the Netherlands states that 40% of prostitutes reported experiencing sexual violence, 60% reported physical assault, and 70% reported a verbal threat of a physical assault. Apart from abuse, there are cases of HIV, other STD's, crimes and so forth. Amsterdam legalized prostitution to eliminate crime, but instead, legalization made human trafficking and other problems rampant. The Amsterdam City Council has noticed the side effects of prostitution, and they have reduced the number of brothels over the past few years. While the number of brothels has already been cut by one-third (and should decrease even more), the number of visitors who travel to Amsterdam continues to increase. There is, after all, a lot more to Amsterdam.
  
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Post time 2014-2-22 09:49:03 |Display all floors
vf84tcat Post time: 2014-2-22 07:33
So you're unable to produce any examples?

3. Forced male prostitution in the Netherlands

Illegal male prostitution in the Netherlands can be roughly divided into three categories. First, there are under-aged boys and men who offer their services in (gay) bars and clubs, such as a group of Romanian men in Amsterdam whom we studied (Kooistra, 2011). These men operate in bars around the Rembrandplein. Men who offer their services through gay websites on the internet form the second group. In contrast to the first and second categories, the third group of men do not work voluntarily; they are coerced to work as prostitutes.

While the police close down several brothels each year, they find it very difficult to estimate the total number of illegal male brothels in the Netherlands. There is currently only one legal male brothel in the country, Club 21 in Amsterdam.

In February 2010, a middle-aged man was arrested on suspicion of running an illegal brothel in the city of Amersfoort. In this brothel, which was located in the house of the suspect, between 10 and 20 young men of Eastern European and South American origin were found. Their passports had been taken from them, and they had been told that they had huge debts for travelling costs which they would have to pay back by working in the brothel (Police Utrecht, 2011).

Physical violence is not often used as a method to coerce these young men into prostitution; non-violent measures are used instead. Most men enter the prostitution business voluntarily, primarily to earn money. When offered a job over the internet, some of them already know that they will be working as a homosexual prostitute. The promise of a better future in the West draws these men, who will often take on a loan with an exorbitantly high interest rate.  Upon their arrival, they are required to work for a low wage which makes it nearly impossible for them to pay back the loan. The methods of coercion used by the brothel owners include seizing passports or threatening to expose the men their families. Many of these prostitutes are from conservative countries in Eastern Europe or South America, where such work carries an enormous amount of stigma. They are told that prostitution is illegal in the Netherlands, and that the police will be unable to help them if they report themselves.  

Many men are given drugs, and use Viagra and Poppers (muscle relaxers to facilitate anal penetration) in order to perform better. In addition, many of them do not use condoms, as this enables them to make more money. In one case, nearly 70% of the boys in the brothel were infected with sexually transmitted diseases, compared to an average of 20-25% in other branches of male prostitution (Van der Kolk, 2011).  

The police has limited resources to find illegal brothels, since they are not legally permitted to infiltrate these places. Instead, they rely on clients, the prostitutes themselves, and neighbors who report suspicious activities to the police. Often, prostitutes are scared to go to the police, and are not convinced that the police can help them escape their miserable situation. Even in cases of personal contact between the police and the prostitutes, the men often are too afraid of reprisals from their pimps and/or traffickers.

Whenever the police have a strong reason to believe that they have encountered a case of human trafficking or illegal prostitution, they are legally obligated to intervene immediately. This is because of the Absoluut Doorlaatverbod, a law introduced by former Minister Rouvoet which requires immediate intervention in cases of suspected human trafficking or illegal prostitution. This can have the effect of ultimately restricting police from investigating further and building a stronger case against the perpetrator(s) of the crimes.

This section has offered a picture of forced male prostitution as it currently occurs in the Netherlands. As mentioned earlier, even the police cannot precisely estimate the number of illegal brothels in the country. They simply lack the resources to more deeply investigate the true extent of these brothels.; such a lack of resources, in turn, is partly a function of the taboos against male prostitution within the Dutch political sphere.
  
Behold the turtle. He makes progress only when he sticks his neck out.

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Post time 2014-2-22 09:54:55 |Display all floors
vf84tcat Post time: 2014-2-22 07:33
So you're unable to produce any examples?

New-style pimps known as ‘loverboys’ have put the small Dutch town of Veenendaal in the limelight, after a TV documentary exposed their activities.

Loverboys are young men who befriend vulnerable girls, woo them into a sexual relationship, then coerce them into having sex with other men in exchange for financial and other rewards. Which the loverboys keep for themselves.

t’s already a well-known phenomenon in the Netherlands. But TV documentary Dossier Loverboy aired by public broadcaster NTR at the weekend revealed how these young predatory pimps are affecting one small town - Veenendaal - at the heart of the Netherlands. The programme shocked the local authorities into action. They promptly called a meeting on Monday to discuss the problem with the police and representatives of campaign group StopLoverboys.nu.
Cesspit
But young people in the town and Anita de Wit of StopLoverboys.nu say the problem is far from new to Veenendaal.

One loverboy victim claims that at least 30 girls between the ages of 12 and 18 have been ‘recruited’ by a gang of these youths, according to free daily Spits. The police have also received alarming reports about the scale of the loverboy network in the area, the paper adds.

Anita de Wit hopes the local authorities will now take real action to tackle the problem. If not, she says, “I’ll be knocking on their door again. The lid has to come off this cesspit.”

Taboo
She partly puts Veenendaal’s loverboy problem down to the strictness of the town’s large Protestant Christian community – although not all the victims come from religious backgrounds.

“Many things are taboo here. As a result of their upbringing the local girls sometimes aren’t aware of all the various aspects of sex. On the other hand, you have a large group of young boys of Moroccan origin who know everything about the subject. Put those two groups together and it’s got to go wrong, big time. This has been going on here for years.”

“Because it’s taboo to talk about it [sex], those boys can operate at will,” says the documentary’s maker Roy Dames.

Threat
Young people in Veenendaal told Spits that loverboys approach their potential victims in person on the streets, near schools for example. They also use social networking websites, where they may first make contact by ‘liking’ a young girl’s photo.

One 15-year-old says her parents have banned her from cycling to school because of the loverboy threat. But travelling by bus hasn’t proved to be a much safer alternative: “They spend more time hanging around the bus stop than they do waiting next to the bike tunnel.”

  
Behold the turtle. He makes progress only when he sticks his neck out.

                          -  James Bryant Conant

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Post time 2014-2-22 09:57:33 |Display all floors
vf84tcat Post time: 2014-2-22 07:33
So you're unable to produce any examples?

Dutch smash 'voodoo' child trade

Police in the Netherlands say they have cracked a crime ring which allegedly trafficked Nigerian children into the West to work as sex slaves.
At least 19 people were arrested in the Netherlands and five other countries including the US and Britain.

Traffickers used voodoo to gain a hold over children before smuggling them abroad in a racket which exploited the asylum system, police say.

Scores of underage Nigerians, mainly girls, may have been trafficked.

Dutch authorities had been investigating the disappearance of 140 Nigerian children from asylum-seeker holding centres since January 2006.

Several of the children were later found working as prostitutes in France, Italy and Spain, according to Dutch police.

'Voodoo vow'

Thirteen arrests were made in Dutch cities and towns while a further six people, all Nigerians, were detained in New York, Madrid, Dublin, Coventry and Antwerp.

Police said Germany and France were also involved in the operation but did not give details of any arrests there, though they said that "dozens" of arrests and searches of premises had been made overall.

Those arrested are suspected of people-trafficking and involvement in a criminal organisation, falsifying travel documents, fraud and money-laundering.

The Hague has asked for the suspects arrested abroad to be extradited to the Netherlands.

"The human-traffickers supplied the victims with false travel documents, flight tickets and instructions to seek asylum upon arrival at Schiphol Airport [Amsterdam]," a police statement said.

"The minors were placed in open shelters in the Netherlands, which made it relatively easy for the criminal organisation to keep control over the victims.

"Voodoo sometimes also kept the minors in line. In Nigeria they were forced to take a vow before a voodoo priest to repay a so-called debt.

"This debt had to settled with the earnings made in the prostitution. At their final destination the minor victims are under the constant supervision of a so-called 'Madam'."

  
Behold the turtle. He makes progress only when he sticks his neck out.

                          -  James Bryant Conant

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Post time 2014-2-22 10:00:16 |Display all floors
vf84tcat Post time: 2014-2-22 07:33
So you're unable to produce any examples?

An estimated 70% of women working in prostitution in the Netherlands are foreigners, primarily from Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria and South America.[1] Economic vulnerability, namely a lack of job opportunities in these origin countries is widely recognized as the main reason for exploitation.

The Not For Sale Netherlands, located in the heart of Amsterdam's Red Light District, offers professional skill training in culinary arts and catering to survivors of exploitation rehabilitated in Amsterdam. Women training in the kitchen are trained to make prepare soup that are sold to individual women working in the brothels of the surrounding Red Light District.

During their internships, the women gain valuable jobs and life skills that will lead to dignified employment in their home countries. More importantly, they experience a normal, healthy work environment that offers a sense of equality and empowerment. In 2012, Not For Sale partnered with Juniper Networks to establish the first commercial point of sales for soup in Amsterdam and begin creating further work experience opportunities for survivors of exploitation, selling soup to Juniper Network’s employees.

The catering program becomes visible through the soup kitchen and community space where meals are made for the women by the women and thus displaying the possible employment alternatives to prostitution.

Most significantly, selling soup to women in the Red Light District enables Not For Sale to build credible and lasting relationships that can provide greater visibility into their backgrounds and the factors that contributed to their current situation. This information can be used to create solutions that grow economic opportunities for those most vulnerable communities in Eastern Europe, and ultimately prevent trafficking before it occurs.
  
Behold the turtle. He makes progress only when he sticks his neck out.

                          -  James Bryant Conant

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Post time 2014-2-22 10:02:57 |Display all floors
70% foreign prostitutes are brought in to meet the demand for prostitution.

Why aren't there more local girls flooding into legalized prostitution to meet the demand?

Legalizing prostitution is supposed to solve all the problems of exploitation and provide a safer, almost normalized working environment.

I would say the Netherlands failed in their experiment.  They were naive as many of you here are.
  
Behold the turtle. He makes progress only when he sticks his neck out.

                          -  James Bryant Conant

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Post time 2014-2-22 10:47:21 |Display all floors
JFenix Post time: 2014-2-22 09:34
Grim tale of a Dutch child prostitute that has put exploitation back up the political agenda
A boo ...

This sounds like a narrative but not a true account. Is there a factual police report?

Actually I read from the Net most underage prostitutes in the Netherlands are boys

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