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This post was edited by abramicus at 2013-11-26 13:14|
lau_guan_kim Post time: 2013-11-25 17:04
@abramicus Post 1#.
There is a reason why I chose not to cite the Naval Battle of Port Arthur of Feb 8-9, 1904 together with the attack on Pearl Harbor and the attack on Nanking - because the latter two belonged to a different pattern of Japanese aggression in the weeks before Christmas holidays.
The attack on Port Arthur was carried out in the night by the Japanese fleet under Admirial Togo, and after two days of skirmishes in which the Japanese also made many blunders, no ships on either side were sunk, although the Russians suffered severe torpedo damages to two of its main battleships, which the Russians could not repair because Port Arthur (Lushunkou) no longer had the repair capabilities that it had when under Qing China. Russian casualties were 150 strong, and the Japanese, 90, but it ended in a naval stalemate.
What the Japanese did was to replicate their conquest of the same port in 1894 (called Lushunkou then) by using its army to cut off the land connections of Port Arthur, effectively laying a siege on it by sea and by land, from August 1, 1904 to January 2, 1905 (once again culminating in the Christmas season). As in Lushunkou and Weihaiwei, the Japanese managed to position cannons on top of 203 Meter Hill, and the Russian fleet hemmed in on all sides was literally taken apart, ship by ship, in a very vicious display of Japanese firepower.
So, yes the Naval Battle of Port Arthur was an example of surprise attack by the Japanese, but it was not quite as successful as the Attack on Pearl Harbor of December 7, 1941, and the land assault on Nanking of December 9, 1937. In terms of timing, the Naval Battle of Port Arthur on Feb 8-9, 1904, and the Battle of Weihaiwei on Jan 20 - Feb 12, 1894, can be grouped together as examples of Japanese attack before the Chinese New Year. On the other hand, the Attack on Pearl Harbor of December 7, 1941 and the Attack on Nanking of December 9, 1937, can be grouped together as examples of Japanese attack before the Christmas holiday. In both cases, the "most civilized Asian country of Japan" sent gifts of bloody massacre and physical destruction to its victims.
Japan as a political entity is a blood-thirsty country, that only the British could paint as the "most civilized country in Asia".
Once again, Japanese victory over Russia in the final siege of Port Arthur was faciliated by a British spy, who became the inspiration of Ian Fleming in characterizing James Bond, by the name of Sidney George Reilly, a Jewish Russian spy who served as a quadruple agent in sabotaging all of Britain's enemies, but especially the Russians, through his procuring for the Japanese, the construction blueprints of the defense of Port Arthur, just as another British "friend of China" Vice-Admiral John McClure helped China sign the surrender documents on behalf of Admiral Ding who had committed suicide and turned over Weihaiwei to the British command. As to the role of British Captain William M. Lang, advisor to the Qing government in setting up the defenses of Weiheaiwei originally, one can only guess of his role with grave forebodings.