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London —by William Blake 诗歌鉴赏 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2013-11-12 01:30:23 |Display all floors
This post was edited by liu5222512 at 2013-11-15 22:42

London   

written in 1794


I wandered through each chartered street,

Near where the chartered Thames does flow,

And mark in every face I meet,

Marks of weakness, marks of woe.


In every cry of every man,

In every infant's cry of fear,

In every voice, in every ban,

The mind-forged manacles I hear:



How the chimney-sweeper's cry

Every blackening church appals,

And the hapless soldier's sigh

Runs in blood down palace-walls.



But most, through midnight streets I hear

How the youthful harlot's curse

Blasts the new-born infant's tear,

And blights with plagues the marriage hearse.



This poem is iambic tetrameter and the rhyme scheme is “abab cdcd efef dgdg”.
William Blake also uses rhetorical repetition in the poem.

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Post time 2013-11-12 01:32:24 |Display all floors
This post was edited by liu5222512 at 2013-11-14 22:34

The mind-forged manacles I hear:
Every blackening church appals,
And blights with plagues the marriage hearse.

如果不是为了押韵,应是
I hear the mind-forged manacles:
Appals every blackening church,
And blights the marriage hearse with plagues.

mind-forged manacles 心灵铸成的镣铐
appals               震惊了
hapless             运气不好的,倒霉的
harlot               娼妓
blast, blight       损害,使枯萎
hearse              灵车,殡仪车

我走过每条独占的街道,
徘徊在独占的泰晤士河边,
我看见每个过往的行人
有一张衰弱、痛苦的脸。

每个人的每升呼喊,
每个婴孩害怕的号叫,
每句话,每条禁令,
都响着心灵铸成的镣铐。

多少扫烟囱孩子的喊叫
震惊了一座座熏黑的教堂,
不幸兵士的长叹
化成鲜血流下了宫墙。

最怕是深夜的街头  
又听年轻妓女的诅咒!
它骇注了初生儿的眼泪,
又用瘟疫摧残了婚礼丧车。


英诗以抑扬格四音步写成,韵尾呈ab ab cd cd ef ef dg dg形式。
此外,加上头韵、重复等修辞手法的运用。


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Post time 2013-11-13 14:05:13 |Display all floors
Thanks for sharing!

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Post time 2013-11-15 08:42:06 |Display all floors
Thanks for sharing!  

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Post time 2013-11-15 10:42:36 |Display all floors
hulijing Post time: 2013-11-15 08:42
Thanks for sharing!

your comment is my pleasure,thanks for your encouragement.

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