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CHINA'S FOUR POINT PEACE PLAN FOR PALESTINE-ISRAEL CONFLICT [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2013-5-10 13:23:47 |Display all floors
China's President Xi recently invited on short notice, Abbas then Netanyahu, to discuss China's peace plan for both nations.  The symbolism is more powerful than the points of the plan.  The fact that such meetings are occurring is the message, whatever is said during them.  China appears serious about improving the image of Israel in the eyes of the Chinese netizens by sponsoring an Internet chat between Chinese citizens and Netanyahu, and inviting him to give a speech at the central party school, which improves Netanyahu's image within the Communist Party itself.  

Clearly, from China's vantage point, Israel is no longer considered as one of the causes of the Israel-Palestinian conflict, but also as an integral part of its solution.  Furthermore, the Palestinian question is no longer just one of the diplomatic issues that China has to deal with by virtue of being a member of the UN Security Council, but has become one of the problems that China has to help resolve to protect its national interest as well.  Being a late-comer to the international effort to effect peace in this region, China is moving in with great drama and characteristic caution at the same time.  It is time.

From the Global Times/Xinhua, we read the clearest description of the 4 Point Peace Plan of China as follows:

"First, the right direction to follow should be an independent Palestinian State and peaceful co-existence of Palestine and Israel. To establish an independent state enjoying full sovereignty on the basis of the 1967 borders and with East Jerusalem as its capital is an inalienable right of the Palestinian people and the key to the settlement of the Palestinian question. At the same time, Israel's right to exist and its legitimate security concerns should also be fully respected."

"Second, negotiation should be taken as the only way to peace between Palestine and Israel. The two sides should follow the trend of the times, pursue peace talks, show mutual understanding and accommodation, and meet each other half way. The immediate priority is to take credible steps to stop settlement activities, end violence against innocent civilians, lift the blockade of the Gaza Strip and properly handle the issue of Palestinian prisoners in order to create the necessary conditions for the resumption of peace talks. Comprehensive internal reconciliation on the part of Palestine will help restart and advance the Palestinian-Israeli peace talks."

"Third, principles such as "land for peace" should be firmly upheld. The parties concerned ought to build on the existing achievements that include the principle of "land for peace," the relevant UN resolutions and the Arab Peace Initiative to advance the Middle East peace process across the board."

"Fourth, the international community should provide important guarantee for progress in the peace process. Relevant parties of the international community should have a greater sense of responsibility and urgency, take an objective and fair position, make vigorous efforts to encourage talks for peace, and increase assistance to Palestine in such fields as human resources training and economic development."

So, in this forum, it is appropriate to debate and discuss the strengths and weaknessnesses of China's Four Point Peace Plan.  Are each of these points, and their subpoints (more than a dozen actually) necessary?  Together, are they sufficient?  And compared to the current peace plan by the group of four, is it better for both sides?  And is it more likely to succeed?


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Post time 2013-5-10 14:48:04 |Display all floors
This post was edited by abramicus at 2013-5-10 15:20

For ease of discussion, the detailed breakdown of the Four-Point Peace Proposal includes the following subpoints:

First, the right direction to follow should be an independent Palestinian State and peaceful co-existence of Palestine and Israel.

1.        To establish an independent Palestinian state enjoying full sovereignty
2.        On the basis of the 1967 borders and
3.        With East Jerusalem as its capital.

4.        Israel's right to exist and
5.        Israel’s legitimate security concerns should also be fully respected.


Second, negotiation should be taken as the only way to peace between Palestine and Israel. The two sides should follow the trend of the times, pursue peace talks, show mutual understanding and accommodation, and meet each other half way.

6.        The immediate priority is to take credible steps to stop settlement activities,
7.        End violence against innocent civilians,
8.        Lift the blockade of the Gaza Strip and
9.        Properly handle the issue of Palestinian prisoners in order to create the necessary conditions
                 for the resumption of peace talks.
10.        Comprehensive internal reconciliation on the part of Palestine will help restart and advance
                  the Palestinian-Israeli peace talks.


Third, principles such as "land for peace" should be firmly upheld.

11.        The parties concerned ought to build on the existing achievements that include the principle
                  of "land for peace,"

12.        The relevant UN resolutions and
13.        The Arab Peace Initiative to advance the Middle East peace process across the board.

Fourth, the international community should provide important guarantee for progress in the peace process. Relevant parties of the international community should have a greater sense of

14.        Responsibility and
15.        Urgency, take an
16.        Objective and
17.        Fair position,
18.        Make vigorous efforts to encourage talks for peace, and
19.        Increase assistance to Palestine in such fields as
                 a.  Human resources training and
                 b.  Economic development.


LEGEND OF COLORS:
Green - Palestinian benefit.
Blue - Israeli benefit.
Brown - General/common approach.
Red - China's view of its potential contribution to the peace process.

DISCUSSION:

1.  Which of these points are necessary to a mutually acceptable solution?  Or, which are not?

2.  What other points are needed to create sufficient basis for a mutually accepted solution?

3.  Are necessary points capable of being achieved in the current situation?  If not, what can be done to help achieve them?

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Post time 2013-5-10 15:51:55 |Display all floors
FOCUSING ON CHINA'S ROLE IN THE PALESTINE PEACE PROCESS

China's future contribution to the Palestine peace process will ultimately depend on the dollar-value of its investments toward this goal.  Investments toward the economic development of not just Palestine, but also of Israel's burgeoning industry, not only give China's recommendations some weight, these investments also deepen China's commitment and stakes, justifying its further involvement in the peace process.  It helps finance peace and helps China finance that peace as well, and is therefore a win-win solution.  Investment must lead the peace process from the standpoint of China's role in the region.

Investment toward the political development of both Palestine and Israel is another form of investment that China should consider.  Peace Awards and grants should be instituted.  For example, 1 billion dollars can be earmarked annually to provide awards to outstanding achievements by any Israeli or Palestinian citizen that further mutual understanding and reconciliation between the two sides.  90% of this fund should go to only citizens of either side, and 10% to outsiders who pitch in to help.  Such work or studies as are awarded should be based on achievement of conceptual breakthroughs or establishment of actual social or political mechanisms of reconciliation.  China needs to put its money where its mouth is.  Symbolism must be followed up with substance.

Nothing furthers peace more than the proper integration of the protagonists into a greater framework of peaceful development and cultural enrichment.  As such, China must review its historical role in global trade and politics, reaching back to the Qin era or earlier, and synthesizing the potentials for its involvement.  In this light, the Levant plays the crucial role as the terminus of the Silk Road trade, by land and by sea, and for China's investment in this region to be sustainable, it must be able to help the region achieve the same historic role in the 21st Century.  In short, the Levant, which includes Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine, and Jordan, should be restored as the main hub of its land trade with all Mediterranean countries and Africa.  The falling of this region under the shadow of Greek, Roman, and later, the Ottoman empire, prevented China from maximizing its trade with the rest of Europe and Africa.  It stunted Chinese economic and technological development, severely, over several centuries.  Thus, the development of sea ports, train hubs, airports, must take precedence over the development of manufacturing and agriculture.  Mining is a distant sixth.  Oil is not found in this region either, and falls to a seventh position.  And only money can drive such a kind of development.  China must partner with each of these countries in their infrastructure development, geared towards trade with China, even as China negotiates its way through Central Asia for development of highways and rail road tracks.  Anarchy and wars between nations are its greatest obstacles, but these can be overcome only by China pushing forcefully, urgently, fairly and consistently, in one focused direction - the re-opening of the Silk Road to all these countries - and helping them connect in turn with Europe and Africa.  China, in short, is the manufacturing hub of the world, and the Levant can become its trading hub with Africa and Europe, by land, to weaken the grip of its traditional Anglo-Japanese ill-wishers on its supply and trade routes in the high seas.  Xian will rival, if not replace, Shanghai and Hongkong.  China will re-transform back into Tangshan, and between the mighty Eurasian land mass and the massive Pacific Ocean, China becomes the Middle Kingdom of planet Earth again.










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Post time 2013-5-11 14:01:35 |Display all floors
Seneca, why don't you just go to Yasukuni to pray to the 14 Class A War Criminals of Japan, and stop making a fool of yourself here?  At least, over there, whatever you say will make sense and be consistent with your behavior and lifelong interests.

China's plan did not stipulate that Jerusalem cannot be the capital of Israel, it only proposes that East Jerusalem be allowed to become the capital of Palestine.

I do not believe in splitting capitals.  It just makes no sense.  So, I object to this proposition.  The two countries must cut cleanly if peace is to last.  Otherwise, no sooner than there is a Palestinian state, there will be friction right in Jerusalem over every perceived infringement of the sovereign territory of one or the other country.  You cannot have two women in the same kitchen, nor can you split the kitchen.  Each must have her own separate kitchen.  Period.

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Post time 2013-5-11 14:20:11 |Display all floors
WHY ONLY "LAND FOR PEACE", AND NOT ALSO "LAND FOR LAND, LAND FOR LEASE, LAND FOR HOUSING, LAND FOR DEVELOPMENT, AND LAND FOR TRADE, ETC.?"

There is only so much land that Israel would be willing to give to the Palestinians for keeping their peace.  The obvious fact is that even so, such land falls below the expectations of the Palestinians, even as the kind of peace the Palestinians could offer also fall short of Israel's expectations.

But "Land for Peace" is only one possible solution to the dispute.

How about "Land for Land".  If Palestine gives up so much land on the West Bank, Israel can allow Gaza to expand by so much acreage.  Or, vice versa.  

Or, how about "Land for Lease"?  In exchange for giving Israel so much land beyond the original wishes of the Palestinian people, Israel can promise to pay a lease on such land for a hundred years, or even for all time, as if it still belonged to Palestine, but which in actuality already belongs to Israel?

And, how about "Land for Development"?  In exchange for granting Israel so much additional land, Israel can promise to contribute so much to the economic development of Palestine, in a way and for a duration that satisfies the Palestinian government.

Or, "Land for Trade"?  In exchange for China paying for the use of a port in Palestine for trading purposes, Palestine can allocate so much land toward the needs of the state of Israel.

"Land for Housing" means Israel helps build housing for Palestinians, in exchange for land ceded to Israel of a certain size and at a certain location.

In short,

Land + Housing + Infrastructure + Trade + Aid = Peace


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