Views: 2070|Replies: 6

Report notes gaps in support for disabled [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Gold Medal September's Best Writer 2012

Post time 2012-8-28 07:13:11 |Display all floors
This post was edited by 468259058 at 2012-8-28 07:31

2012-08-28 02:43 By He Dan ( China Daily)  

More than 40 percent of disabled residents of rural areas will be deemed poor under the revised poverty threshold the central government announced in November, according to an evaluation report released by the top legislature on Monday.

That means that of the 62 million rural disabled Chinese, according to a 2006 nationwide survey on disability, 24.8 million are mired in poverty.

Under the revised definition of poverty for the rural population, a rural resident whose annual net income is less than 2,300 yuan ($362) is impoverished.

About 12.7 percent of the rural population, or 122 million rural residents, are now targeted for the government's poverty aid network, according to the State Council's Poverty Alleviation Leading Group Office.

From May to June, a law enforcement team under the National People's Congress Standing Committee probed the implementation of the law on protecting the disabled enacted in 1990 and amended in 2008.

Li Jianguo, vice-chairman and secretary-general of the NPC Standing Committee, said there are more than 85 million people with disabilities on the Chinese mainland.

The average income of families with disabled members is about 60 percent of the national level, he added.

Bo Shaoye, head of the rights protection department of the China Disabled Persons' Federation, said poverty among the disabled is related to multiple factors.

"Impoverished disabled people require more attention, not just because there are so many, but also because of the barriers they face, such as fewer opportunities for education, employment and skill training compared with the general population," Bo said.

The inaccessibility of living subsidies among the disabled in rural China topped the issues of concern in the 17,000 petitioning letters and complaint calls the federation handled in 2011, he said.

The government should enable people with disabilities who can work to get jobs and set up special funds to subsidize those who cannot because of their disabilities, Bo said.

Xu Mei, who uses a wheelchair and works for a local disabled persons' federation in the Gaoxin district of Hefei, Anhui province, urged the government to provide more living subsidies for disabled people and to make the application process more transparent.

Xu said there are 400 disabled residents in the district she works for, but less than 5 percent of them are eligible for minimum subsistence allowances.

"The requirements for receiving those subsidies are too rigorous, and local officials usually determine who is eligible for the subsidies by their guanxi (social connections) rather than economic plight," Xu said.

The NPC's Li Jianguo also said that the employment rate of the disabled is low.

"Many employers do not provide jobs for people with disabilities, which the law requires, even though they have positions suitable for them," he said.

The law on protection of disabled persons stipulates that the government and society should help people with disabilities recover or offer tools to help them regain some functions.

However, results from nine provinces, municipalities and regions showed that a large number of cities and counties don't have sufficient facilities, resources and professionals to help people with disabilities, Li said.

In one province, only 1 percent of people with severe mental disabilities received basic medicine for free, the NPC Standing Committee's law enforcement team found during an inspection tour, he added.

Regarding education, only about 71 percent of disabled children have access to the nine-year compulsory education, compared with the national level of 99 percent.

Li urged that the government should ensure that its financial investment to promote the development of people with disabilities should grow in pace with economic development.

Guo Bin, who works for Shenzhen-based Equity and Justice Initiative, an NGO dedicated to fighting discrimination against people with diseases such as HIV/AIDS and disabilities, believed that the legislators should work harder to improve the judicial interpretation for the law on protecting the disabled to make it more feasible.
our life is full of sunshine

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Gold Medal September's Best Writer 2012

Post time 2012-8-28 07:30:49 |Display all floors

Transparent more important than enough available money

This post was edited by 468259058 at 2012-8-28 07:39

I've done the search and comparison of threshold between China and U.S.A, some other countries in my leisure time. Sometimes, I also asked people around us from time to time about how and what is the government's help to the poor people under threshold.

Now, I think anti-corruption is a major problem and more important than enough available money. It said that many living subsidies actually went to the pockets of rich Chinese and family members of government officials. In the worst conditions, most of living subsidies have gone into the richest land owners' pockets in rural area when local government use it as a tactics to deal with land acquisitions.

Simliarly, in Low-income houses distribution practice, many journalists also did the investigations and found people driving luxurious cars are buying and living in the low-income houses for poor Chinese. And local government often did nothing even after news reports.

If there is no help distributed from government to everybody, Maybe no anger.
However, If living subsides to poor Chinese under threshold gone into pockets of rich Chinese and family members of Party(Government) officials happened one after another around us, angers definitely would come out.

So, it's a priority to decrease the government power abuse and corruption in government distribution practices. It is more urgent than enough available living subsidies.  

Solution: to make the application process more transparent.  Government should permit ordinary Chinese to have the rights to know who are the people on the lists getting living subsidies from government.  
our life is full of sunshine

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Gold Medal September's Best Writer 2012

Post time 2012-8-28 08:09:20 |Display all floors
This post was edited by 468259058 at 2012-8-28 08:17

Progress of China's news reports:

Many years ago, we can read only Party and government leaders' voices.

Now, we can read ordinary Chinese voices as well as leaders' voices and experts's voices.

(Most experts in China are first officials before under title of "experts".
For example:
The director of Peking university is first of a deputy-minister level party (government) high-rank official before a director of a university.
The number 1 court judge of Supreme court of China have never studied laws in universities and worked in a court before the appointment. But he has the considerable Party(government) high rank.
The director of Forbidden city museum have never ..... But he has the considerable Party(government) high rank. )

our life is full of sunshine

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2012-8-28 09:26:04 |Display all floors
468259058 Post time: 2012-8-28 07:30
I've done the search and comparison of threshold between China and U.S.A, some other countries in my ...

Absolutely agreed.
In China, what we need most is not the rules and regulations, but the strong ability to make all these implement in place.
One way is the self-supervision or self-discipline of our relevant government staff because of the punishments in the regulations.
The other way is let all rules and its process transparent by announcements and through all channels including mass media. At the same time, a hotline service is necessary to answer any questions about any policies relavant to ordinary people.
At last,our offical should learn that all regulations must put "simple and clear" as an very important consideration.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Gold Medal September's Best Writer 2012

Post time 2012-8-29 08:17:06 |Display all floors
This post was edited by 468259058 at 2012-8-29 08:17
Johnson.yang Post time: 2012-8-28 09:26
Absolutely agreed.
In China, what we need most is not the rules and regulations, but the strong ab ...


hehehe..

Let the guy who having government power respect and follow the rules first.
our life is full of sunshine

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Gold Medal September's Best Writer 2012

Post time 2012-8-29 08:28:38 |Display all floors

The Re --- Form

This post was edited by 468259058 at 2012-8-29 08:37

Of course, today's China is changing. One rule was definitely wrong yesterday. Today the rule was not very wrong. Tomorrow, the rule was definitely right.

China is still going on reform. Reform is breaking the old rules and building the new rules. That is to say, rules are changing quickly here.

For example:
In laws, 10 years ago, land price was nearly 0. Now, the land price is sky high.

Many speculators focus on the changes of rules and make big fortunes in the reform. Similarly, many leaders in government disrespect and break today's rules from time to time.
our life is full of sunshine

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2012-8-29 09:43:50 |Display all floors
We have to admit that more or less improvements are taken place in China.
However, the speed of changing is lag too far behind of the economic development and the whole situation of reform and open.
I am looking forward to the attitude and actions of the authorities in the next few years.

Use magic tools Report

You can't reply post until you log in Log in | register

BACK TO THE TOP
Contact us:Tel: (86)010-84883548, Email: blog@chinadaily.com.cn
Blog announcement:| We reserve the right, and you authorize us, to use content, including words, photos and videos, which you provide to our blog
platform, for non-profit purposes on China Daily media, comprising newspaper, website, iPad and other social media accounts.