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【语言学习】扩充小孩词汇量的四种简单方法 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-7-24 17:04:59 |Display all floors
This post was edited by blueeyes.yu at 2012-7-25 10:37

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语言是人类交流的主要工具。你的小孩能够更好地用语言表达他们的想法,预示着他们在学校或者在生活中会取得更大的成功。下面的四种方法可以帮助扩大小孩的词汇量:Wordsare our main tools of communication. The better your children can articulatetheir thoughts, the more success they will experience in school and often, inlife. Here are four ways to help enlarge a child’s vocabulary:

1. 最自然的一种方式——谈话

Dowhat comes naturally – talk!

你可能以前已经听过这样一句话:避免跟小孩甚至是婴儿说婴儿语。

You’veprobably heard it before: Avoid baby talk, even with an infant.

用简单的句子跟小孩交流,通过重复来强调你的想法。比如说,“我们正在乘坐小汽车。爸爸正在乘坐小汽车。妈妈正在乘坐小汽车。艾丹正在乘坐小汽车。我们都在乘坐小汽车。”

Usesimple sentences. Emphasize thoughts with repetition. “We’re riding in the car.Daddy rides in the car. Mommy rides in the car. Aidan rides in the car. We areall riding in the car.”

当孩子大点的时候,我们要把字词的意思跟他们看到的事物联系起来。比如说,“你看到那只鸟了吗?它叫做鹤(crane)。它跟我们昨天见到的那台大机器起重机(crane)发音一样。你觉得它们为什么都叫做crane呢?”

Asyour children get older, attach and connect meaning to the things that theysee. “Do you see that bird? That’s called a crane. It sounds like the name ofthe big machine we saw yesterday. Why do you think they are both calledcranes?”

有计划有目的地教小孩学会新的单词。我们可以先跟小孩说一个他们熟悉的单词或短语,然后再插入一个同义词。比如说,“你说得对,我们是按时(on time)跟你的牙医见面的,我喜欢准时(punctual)赴约Bepurposeful in teaching them new terminology. Start with a word they know, theninsert a synonym. “You’re right – we were on time for your dentist appointment.I like to be punctual for appointments.”

提前做好准备从而丰富小孩的经验学习。在你们要去动物园、博物馆,或者是商店之前,告诉你的小孩你们将会看到或者做些什么。然后,在参观或者逛街的过程中,我们要强化之前告诉小孩的那些单词。通过将概念和经验联系起来,新单词就会更容易被记牢了。

Enrichyour child’s experiential learning by prepping them ahead of time. Before yougo to the zoo, a museum, even a store, talk about what you’ll see and do. Then,reinforce those words during the event. Connecting the concepts and theexperience will help the new words to stick.


2. 读给小孩听或跟小孩一起读书!

Readto and with your child!

阅读和单词是相辅相成的。孩子们花费越多的时间在阅读上,他们的词汇量就会越大。他们知道的词汇越多,在整个学校学习生涯中将会更加应付自如。

Reading and words gohand-in-hand. The more time kids spend between the pages of a book, the moretheir vocabulary grows. And the more words they know, the easier learning willbe throughout their school years.

每天大声朗读。小孩喜欢大人们指一些图片给他们看,并在上面做简单的标记。书本提供了这样一个机会,让你跟孩子们谈论日常生活中经常用到的单词。即使你的孩子知道如何阅读,跟他们一起阅读书籍将会帮助他们学习更复杂的词汇,因为你可以帮助他们学会更加难懂的单词。

Readaloud every day. Babies love for you to point to the pictures and give themsimple labels. Books give you a chance to talk about words that you might notuse every day. Even after your child knows how to read, exploring bookstogether will help them to develop a more complex vocabulary as you help themto interact with challenging words.

当你较大的孩子遇到不懂的单词跑来问你的时候,你应该教会他们如何在字典中查到这个单词。如果单词在书上,那你就在单词下面划线,并且在书边缘的空白处写上它的意思。小孩下一次读书的时候,这些单词的意思就会映入眼帘了!

Whenyou come to a word that your older child doesn’t know, show them how to findthe word in the dictionary. If you own the book, underline the word and writethe meaning in the margin. It will be there for them the next time they readthat book!

3.歌唱!Sing! 我们都有过这样的经历,当我们听到一首歌开头的那几个歌词时,整首歌的歌词都会蹦入我们的脑海中。你可以通过唱传统歌曲或者自创歌曲的方式增加小孩的词汇量。有研究表明,音乐是可以加强语言的学习的。

We’veall had the experience of words flooding into our minds when we hear the firstfew notes of a song. You can increase your child’s vocabulary by singingtraditional songs as well as making up some of your own. There’s research thatshows us how music can reinforce language.

4.充分利用互联网!

Takefull advantage of the Internet.

网上有很多适合小孩年龄并且能够帮助小孩扩充词汇库的活动,其中有一些活动甚至也适合其他的人群。FreeRice.com是一个由联合国世界粮食计划署主办的非盈利性的网站。当你每次登录该网站并进行站内游戏活动时,主要是学习单词并且该网站会捐赠大米给那些需要救济的国家。

Thereare lots of age-appropriate activities online that can enhance and enlarge yourchild’s word bank, some of which even help other people. FreeRice.com is anon-profit website that is owned by and supports the United Nations World FoodProgram. It teaches vocabulary and donates rice to needy countries every timeyou play games on the site.

当你的小孩词汇量有所增长时,你将会欣喜于用新的方式跟他们一起交流!

As your children’s vocabularies grow, you’ll delightin the new ways that you get to communicate with them!


来源:Family Your Way

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