This post was edited by SMITHI at 2012-7-15 04:22|
Russia demands an investigation into the mass murder of civilians which took place in the Syrian village of Tremsi. Moscow is in no doubt that this crime was perpetrated in the interests of those forces who do not seek peace but are determined to provoke a civil war in Syria, Russian Foreign Ministry’s spokesman Alexander Lukashevich has declared.
The latest massacre occurred in the city of Hama on the 12th of July, when unknown men shot a number of civilians. Different sources are citing different numbers of the victims, which range between 50 and over 200 people. The opposing sides of the conflict are blaming each other for the murders. The head of the UN mission of observers in Syria, Norwegian General Robert Mood has confirmed that Syrian authorities have used heavy weapons in the course of the conflict. In the meantime, foreign information agencies, quoting an opposition activist, report that most of the casualties were not civilians but fighters for the Syrian Rebel Army.
Previous mass murders in Hula and Qubeira which occurred over the last two months, have not been solved yet. Experts have no proof that the authorities used paramilitary units to do away with those who disagree with the government’s policy. This is the opposition’s version which they apply to the situation in Tremsi as well. This position enabled the US, France and the UK to call to adopt a resolution on Syria on the basis of Chapter 7 of the UN Charter which allows foreign interference in conflicts. Russia has repeatedly spoken against this approach, political scientist Sergey Demidenko stresses.
“Russia will turn a deaf ear to all the opposition’s declarations and the opposition is very well aware of this. All kinds of political games are being played around Syria. The opposition’s efforts should be understood as part of a large-scale pressure on al-Assad’s regime with the West’s consent. It is dangerous to take hasty steps towards Syria because geopolitical consequences could be absolutely unpredictable. For this reason, some forces have chosen the destabilization policy. The advocates of this policy are Saudi Arabia and Qatar for whom Syria, as the only remaining secular regime in the Middle East, is like a red rag to a bull.”
At present, the UN Security Council has two draft resolutions on Syria. One of them was submitted by Russia and the other one by the UK, Germany, the US and France. Next week will witness a hard diplomatic confrontation. Russia has already announced that it will not support a resolution on stricter sanctions against Syria on which the West insists. China, on the contrary, is sharing Russia’s position. Moscow has also warned the West against attempts to railroad a resolution providing an opportunity to repeat the Libyan scenario in Syria. This could happen if, for example, the UN mission of observers is removed from Syria after its mandate expires on the 21st of July. Russia insists on its extension.
Russia’s representative in the UN Alexander Pankin has confirmed Russia’s readiness to compromise when discussing the resolution on extending the UN observers’ mandate in Syria. Meanwhile, there is a line which Moscow can never cross. It is sanctions targeted against one particular participant in the conflict, the Syrian government. The western project rests on this, political scientist Adzhar Kurtov points out.
“The draft resolution shows that the western countries do not give up attempts to force Bashar al-Assad to capitulate. They fully support one side and completely ignore the other side’s opinion. Enough facts have been accumulated which testify that some outside forces are standing behind the opposition’s back. These outside forces do not seek an end to bloodshed. On the contrary, the bloodshed is encouraged through deliveries of munitions ignoring the UN decisions.
Before the UN Security Council’s new session on Syria, special representative of the UN and the League of Arab States Kofi Annan will visit Moscow between the 16th and the 17th of July. Kofi Annan and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov will discuss the Syrian problem and Russia’s approach to solving the crisis. It is also expected that Kofi Annan will be informed about Russia’s contacts with the leaders of two Syrian opposition groups last week. It looks like Moscow has not managed to persuade the opposition to give up its demand of al-Assad’s resignation as a preliminary condition for the beginning of a political dialogue. The opposition, on its part, was not a success in trying to urge Moscow to support a tough resolution on Syria.