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外国学生的中国报告 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-7-2 15:00:59 |Display all floors

嗨,我叫萨迪亚。今年夏天,我花了一个月时间在中国的学校里学习中文,并从那儿拿到了证书。这个关于中国的课题是我独立完成的。大家都很喜欢它,希望你们也能满意。


(请注意,由于作者对中国的了解有限,所以后文报告中与事实明显有悖的部分会以作者按语的形式加以解释,用*标记)


中国报告
作者:萨
亚(中学生)


中国的现实

1、人口:1,336,718,015
2、首都:北京
3、主要城市:上海、天津、沈阳、武汉、广州、重庆、哈尔滨、成都
4、面积:3,705,407平方英里(*约合9,596,960平方公里)
5、周边国家:14个(*其实中国有15个陆上邻国)
6、海岸线长度:9,010英里(*约合14500公里)
7、最高海拔:埃佛勒斯峰(*中国称珠穆朗玛峰,后文将按此翻译),29,035英尺(*约合8849.87米)
8、最低海拔:吐鲁番盆地,-505英尺(*约合-154.92米)


简介

中国的国土面积位列世界第三,但拥有世界最多的人口。中国是一个发展中国家,发展共产党领导下的资本主义经济(*我国实行的是具有中国特色的社会主义经济体制)。中华文明形成于5000多年前,在世界历史中占有非常重要的位置,直到今天也仍是如此。


历史

1912年,中国的末代皇帝宣布退位,国家由此步入共和,并开启了近代中国历史。1912年后,政局不稳,战事频仍,中国内部陷入了军阀混战的局面。其后不久,有两个政党奋起作为,救亡图存。他们就是国民党与共产党。

1931年,日本占领满洲(*东北旧称),中国面临新的威胁——这次事变最终引发了1937年两国间爆发的战争。战争期间,国共两党是团结一致,共同抗日的,但在之后的1945年,两党间的内战爆发(*解放战争实际爆发于1946年6月)。这次内战造成了超过1200万的民众死亡。三年后,国内战争以毛泽东领导的共产党人胜利告终。1949年10月,中华人民共和国成立。

在共产党与中华人民共和国领导统治初期,大饥荒、营养不良与疫病多次爆发流行(*译者通过查阅数据发现,建国初期五年中每年的粮食产量都是增加的,最高年增长率甚至达到了16.73%,这篇报告在这方面或许存在偏差)。此外,根据当时高度计划的经济理念,全体农村居民被分为入5万个公社,负责农业生产、开设学校并经营多种产业。

为了进一步推进中国的工业化与政治变革,毛主席于1958年发动“大跃进”。这次举措最终失败了,1959年至1961年间,饥荒和疫病再次席卷全国。此后不久的1966年,毛泽东主席发起“文化大革命”,批斗基层政权,试图通过革除历史遗俗来加强共产党的力量。

1976年,毛主席去世,邓小平成为中国领导人。这一变化引发经济自由化与国家资本主义政策,并保留了严格的政治体制。如今,政府依旧高度控制着国家的各个方面,中国在这一点上与过去相差无几。

中国的体制是一个被称为人民代表大会的一院制立法系统参与的共产主义政权。人民代表大会由2978名来自省、直辖市、自治区级别的代表组成。此外还有由最高人民法院、地方人民法院与专门人民法院所构成的司法系统。

中国有23个省、5个自治区与4个直辖市。参政权赋予年满18岁的国民。中国的主要政党是中国共产党(CCP)。也存在其他规模稍逊的党派,但他们全都拥护共产党领导。

近几十年来,中国的经济变化非常剧烈。过去,中国重点发展配套专门公社的高度计划经济体系,封锁了对外关系与国际贸易。但是在上世纪70年代,这一切发生了改变。如今,中国与世界各国的经济联系非常密切。2008年,中国成为世界第二大经济体。

今天,中国经济中农业、工业与服务业部分所占比重分别为43%、25%与32%。农业项目主要包括水稻、小麦、土豆与茶叶。工业则重点集中于矿物原料加工与门类繁多的制造。

中国位于东亚,国境线连接了许多陆上国家,以及东海、朝鲜湾(*朝鲜半岛西北岸同中国辽东半岛之间)、黄海、南海海域。在地理上中国可被分为三个区域:西部的山区,东北的各类荒漠与盆地,以及东部的低地山谷与平原(*这是一个很笼统的划分)。中国大部分由山地和高原组成,如青藏高原,它延伸出了喜马拉雅山系与珠穆朗玛峰。

因为幅员辽阔,地形多变,所以中国的气候也很多样。南部是热带气候,东部是温带气候,青藏高原寒冷干燥。北部荒漠也是普遍干燥,东北则为寒温带气候。

我拍摄了许多山巅、山谷和山脉的照片,但是现在不能一一展示。中国真是非常美丽神奇的地方。

来源:译言网

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Post time 2012-7-2 15:14:19 |Display all floors


Hi, My name is Sadeiah. While in China this summer for 1 month I went to school to study Chinese language. I got a certificate from school. But I did this project on my own about China. So this is my project. Everyone liked my project. Hope you enjoy.


CHINA
by Sadeiah M.

Facts About China

1. Population: 1,336,718,015

2. Capital: Beijing

3. Major Cities: Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenyang, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Harbin, Chengdu

4. Area: 3,705,407 square miles

5. Bordering Countries: Fourteen

6. Coastline: 9,010 miles

7. Highest Point: Mount Everest at 29,035 feet

8. Lowest Point: Turpan Pendi at -505 feet

Introduction:
China is the third largest country in the world in terms of area but it is the world's largest based on population. The country is a developing nation with a capitalist economy that is controlled politically by communist leadership. Chinese civilization began more than 5,000 years ago and the nation has played a crucial role in world history and is continuing to do so today.

History
Modern Chinese history began in 1912 after the last Chinese emperor abdicated the throne and the country became a
republic. After 1912 political and military instability were common in China and it was initially fought over by different warlords. Shortly thereafter, two political parties or movements began as a solution to the country's problems. These were the Kuomintang, also called the Chinese National Party, and the Communist Party.

Problems later began for China in 1931 when Japan seized Manchuria - an act that eventually began a war between the two nations in 1937. During the war, the Communist Party and the Kuomintang cooperated with each other to defeat Japan but later in 1945 a civil war between the Kuomintang and the communists broke out. This civil war killed more than 12 million people. Three years later the civil war ended with a win by the Communist Party and leader Mao Zedong, which then led to the establishment of the People's Republic of China in October 1949.

During the early years of communist rule in China and the People's Republic of China, mass starvation, malnutrition and disease were common. In addition, there was an idea for a highly planned economy at this time and the rural population was divided into 50,000 communes, each of which were responsible for farming and running different industries and schools.

In an effort to further jump-start China's industrialization and political change Chairman Mao began the "Great Leap Forward" initiative in 1958. The initiative failed however and between 1959 and 1961, famine and disease again spread throughout the country. Shortly thereafter in 1966, Chairman Mao began the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution which put local authorities on trial and attempted to change historic customs to give the Communist Party more power.

In 1976, Chairman Mao died and Deng Xiaoping became China's leader. This led to economic liberalization but also a policy of government controlled capitalism and a still strict political regime. Today, China remains much the same, as every aspect of the country is heavily controlled by its government.

China's government is a communist state with unicameral legislative branch called the National People's Congress that is made up of 2,987 members from the municipal, regional and provincial level. There is also a judicial branch comprised of the Supreme People's Court, Local People's Courts and Special People's Courts.

China is divided into 23 provinces, five autonomous regions and four municipalities. National suffrage is 18 years of age and the main political party in China is the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). There are also smaller political parties in China, but all are controlled by the CCP.

China's economy has changed rapidly in recent decades. In the past, it was focused around a highly planned economic system with specialized communes and was closed to international trade and foreign relations. In the 1970s however, this began to change and today China is more economically tied to the world's countries. In 2008, China was the world's second largest economy.

Today, China's economy is 43% agriculture, 25% industrial and 32% service related. Agriculture consists mainly of items like rice, wheat, potatoes and tea. Industry is focused on raw mineral processing and the manufacturing of a wide variety of items.

China is located in Eastern Asia with its borders along several countries and the East China Sea, Korea Bay, the Yellow Sea, and the South China Sea. China is divided into three geographic regions: the mountains to the west, the various deserts and basins in the northeast and the low lying valleys and plains in the east. Most of China however consists of mountains and plateaus such as the Tibetan Plateau which leads into the Himalayan Mountains and Mount Everest.

Because of its area and variations in topography, China's climate is also varied. In the south it is tropical, while the east is temperate and the Tibetan Plateau is cold and arid. The northern deserts are also arid and the northeast is cold temperate.

I have lots of photos of peaks and valleys and mountains that I couldn't put here. But China is a magnificent place.

The end.

Sadeiah is a middle schooler

Source: travelblog.org

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Post time 2012-7-3 11:34:33 |Display all floors
look, look!

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Post time 2012-7-3 15:21:19 |Display all floors
you learned how to write Chinese this well in just 1 month?
Mr. Daniel Walsh (BEng/工学学士, MSc/理学硕士)

E-Mail/电子邮箱: daniel_hs_walsh@hotmail.com
LinkedIN Profile: www.linkedin.com/in/danielhswalsh

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Post time 2012-7-3 16:05:51 |Display all floors
daniel_hs_walsh Post time: 2012-7-3 15:21
you learned how to write Chinese this well in just 1 month?

he can put his english on the net , and it will translate it from him ,i guess
Il heurt de jouer avec le ciel .

follow your heart, touch your dream ,be yourself .dude !

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Post time 2012-7-3 16:08:52 |Display all floors
this is an article from travelblog.com , and the chinese edition is from yiyan.com ,a translation site , i have an ID on that site too .
so there is no doubt ,he did not write or type those chinese by his own hands .
Il heurt de jouer avec le ciel .

follow your heart, touch your dream ,be yourself .dude !

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Post time 2012-7-3 16:27:27 |Display all floors
米洛.DeSTi Post time: 2012-7-3 16:08
this is an article from travelblog.com , and the chinese edition is from yiyan.com ,a translation si ...

I learned Chinese for 8 months, and I never reached that level, so it must not be his work. Impossible!
Mr. Daniel Walsh (BEng/工学学士, MSc/理学硕士)

E-Mail/电子邮箱: daniel_hs_walsh@hotmail.com
LinkedIN Profile: www.linkedin.com/in/danielhswalsh

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