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2.612 AD Visigoth expelled the Jews. King Sesbut [ 610 - 620 ] did it. See Jewishhistory.org.il |
642 Visigoth Empire
They got aggravation about this time. Expulsion is not mentioned.
The Visigoths scorned to interfere among Catholics but were interested in decorum and public order. The Arian Visigoths were also tolerant of Jews. Visigothic persecution of Jews had to wait for the conversion to Catholicism of the Visigothic king Reccared, and the same synod of Catholic bishops in 633 that usurped the Visigothic nobles' right to confirm the election of a king declared that all Jews must be baptized.
In January 587 AD Reccared renounced Arianism for Catholicism, the single great event of his reign and the turning-point for Visigothic Spain.
The Council of Toledo, organized by Leander but convened in the king's name in May 589 set the tone for the new Catholic kingdom. Leander and the Catholic bishops immediately instituted the program of forced conversion of Jews. Catholic history traditionally imputes these persecutions to the Visigothic kings.
He turned down a bribe from the Jews.
18 February 654 AD TOLEDO (Spain)
Receswinth, King of the Visigoths, forced Judaizing Christians (converted Jews who still kept Jewish traditions) to swear loyalty to the Church or die. They were forced to spend Jewish and Christian holy days with the clergy, but could not be forced to eat pork. See Jewishhistory.org.il
855 AD Italy See the Catholic Encyclopaedia
In Italy, as early as 855, Louis II ordered the banishment of all Italian Jews, and his order failed to have the intended effect only because of the distracted condition of the realm at the time. In Germany, where "Jew" was synonymous with "merchant", the emperors were long satisfied with exacting a special tax from their Jewish subjects; but finally Henry II (1002-1024) expelled from Mainz the Jews who refused to be baptized, and it is probable that his decree was applied to other communities.
876 AD Sens, France. See Persecution of the Jews in Europe
1012 AD MAYENCE [ aka Mainz, Germany ]
Emperor Henry II expelled the Jews, probably in reaction to an anti-Christian pamphlet which was produced by a new convert to Judaism, Wecelin (a former Cleric and Deacon). The Jews were allowed to return the following year. See Jewishhistory.org.il
1066 AD THE NORMAN CONQUEST OF ENGLAND. THE FIRST JEWS ARRIVE IN ENGLAND.
There seem to have been no Jews in England until the conquest by William of Normandy in 1066. He brought with him a handful of Jewish financiers from France. In the next generation, the communities grew much stronger and we find proper communities in several English towns. See Department for Jewish Zionist Education.
1180 January 9, PHILIP AUGUSTUS (France)
(The new king of France) arrested large numbers of Jews while his father, Louis VII, who tried to protect the Jews (though not always successfully) was still alive. All the Jews found in synagogues on the Sabbath were arrested. Philip agreed to free them for 15,000 silver marks. See Jewishhistory.org.il
1181 AD France EXPULSION OF JEWS
From "France", after which Philip confiscated their land and cancelled the debts owed them. Since Philip did not control the whole of France, many Jews moved to other areas. In 1192, after expanding his kingdom to areas which still had Jews, he decided to allow them to return to his whole kingdom - for a fee and under strict conditions. See Jewishhistory.org.il
1181 AD ABBEY OF ST. EDMUNDS (England)
A dispute broke out between William the Sacristan (Sexton) of the Abbey and his associate Samson. The Jews and the local townspeople sided with William. Unfortunately, it was Samson who came to power the next year as Abbot. In 1190, after the Coronation riots, Samson demanded that the Jews should be placed under his authority rather than the Kings. When they refused, they were expelled under guard. See Jewishhistory.org.il
King Henry II enacted the "Assize of Arms", ordering that all weapons in possession of Jews be confiscated on the grounds that Jews, who were supposedly protected by the King, would not have any reason for owning arms. The weapons were turned over to the King's forces. A direct result of this was that there was little they could do to protect themselves when riots broke out less then ten years later. See Jewishhistory.org.il
1255 AD Hugh of Lincoln drowned in a Jewish cess pool. A hundred Jews were hanged for their pains. See Italy and the Jews - Timeline