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Righteous and Harmonious Society Movement (boxer rebellion) in the late 1890s [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2011-4-29 23:48:22 |Display all floors
It is also called by The Boxer Uprising, or Righteous Harmony Society Movement (Yi He Tuan), or Righteous Fists of Harmony, or Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists in China between 1898 and 1901, opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity.

This movement was founded in Shandong province first.
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Post time 2011-4-30 00:03:09 |Display all floors
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Post time 2011-4-30 00:07:09 |Display all floors
Originally posted by Wahahaha at 2011-4-30 00:03
Pity the spirit of that movement never seemed to have lasted in Shandong,

It's a long story. I'll copy some of materials here.
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Post time 2011-4-30 20:01:56 |Display all floors
Later,
it lead to a war between China (Qing Dynasty)
and eight-nation alliance: Japan, Russia, U.K, France, U.S, Germany, Astria-Hungar, and Italy.

Result: Alliance victory
Location: Northern China
Date: 1900
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Post time 2011-4-30 20:37:34 |Display all floors
1. The capital of China, Beijing, was occupied by the 8-nation alliance.
2. Many parts of Beijing were burned and were looted by the 8-nation alliance.
The whole Northeast China was occupied by Russia.
3. China was fined war reparations of 450 million (Chinese popualtion is 450 million that time) taels of fine silver, paid in 39 years. Including the interests, the total reparations is 980 million.

30% Russia, 20% Germany, 15.75% France, 11.25%  Britain, 7.7% Japan, 7% U.S.

[ Last edited by 468259058 at 2011-4-30 08:39 PM ]
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Post time 2011-4-30 20:48:38 |Display all floors
This post was edited by 468259058 at 2012-8-21 18:50

About 1/4 of reparations paid to U.S was diverted to pay for the education of Chinese students in U.S. universities under the Boxer Rebellion Indemnity Scholarship Program. it born Tsing hua University, where Chinese president Hu graduated.

Till today, this program is still running. But the funds are only paid to Taiwan Tsing hua university, not the Tsing hua university in mainland China.


At last China paid 668,661,220 taels of silver from 1901 to 1939, equivalent in 2010 to US $61 billion on a purchasing power parity basis, 12 times of China's national revenue that time.

[ Last edited by 468259058 at 2011-4-30 09:37 PM ]
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Post time 2011-4-30 21:32:55 |Display all floors
15 years before this war, China had forced to pay reparations of 200 million talse of fine silver  to Japan after a war between China (Qing dynasty) and Japan.
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