Author: whereabout

How about exorcism? is it real? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2009-7-19 13:19:46 |Display all floors
dance phoenix that kind of pure simulation animal shape animal dance. ) but "Exorcism dance" actually different. It is in every year's end, when Nuo offers a sacrifice to, assumes the guise “side” (the Mongolian bearskin, gold four items), “12 god beasts” (engrave wooden are surface, animal head person), “chen sub-(palace gate disciple) the image, takes the unique dance to have (Ge Yudun, side uses; tao the drum, chen sub-takes; The hemp whip, the god beast holds) illness to shout Nuo Nuo the sound, the four directions chases the epidemic disease, eight sides expelled evil spirits, pursue, throw, catch up with, kill, have developed fierce intense "Side Dance" and "12 God Beastly Dances". This has formed the ancient exorcism dance is different general with pure “the sacrificial offering dance”, “the mask dance”, “the animal dance” one kind of novel dance show form and the unique artistic individuality. According to "Historical Records of the Eastern Han dynasty. The etiquette will" records, Han Dynasty big Nuo in rite ceremony, highlighted the side to deal with 12 beastly dances as well as the palace gate, chang sub-led with the dance refined language - - “to drive Nuo the song”. In the Tang Dynasty, the entertainment ingredient obtains further development in Nuo the activity, the exorcism dance performance side by a person of expansion is four people, Nuo offers a sacrifice to with various merges into one organic whole happily, and performs the dance primarily. When Song Dynasty, "the Tokyo Dream China Record" records according to Meng Yuanlao, exorcism dance then increased many characters to perform, even dreamed of Tangminghuang Zhong Kui to seize the ghost the story also to reorganize the exorcism dance "Zhong Kui Younger sister". Lu You "Old Study Hut Note" also said that the national capital to perform the palace in a big way Nuo, once sent for to Guilin to purchase “800 one, the whole families beautiful do not have similarly humbly one” the mask. When performance also had the similar drama, the acrobatics to enter enters the stage and the spoken parts “the onset and retreat spoken language”. Obviously Song Dynasty Nuo art already presented the drama and the acrobatics seed. In the future Yuan Ming and Qing Dynasties various dynasty, Nuo the activity will be along the Tang Song's pathway extension, Nuo gradually will also step in the literary domain. The exorcism dance development had certain influence to China's place drama, even develops Cheng Ke outside the religious activities the independent performance exorcism dance name of various kinds of local drama, certain areas, the exorcism dance itself has developed the name of various kinds of local drama, the name of various kinds of local drama performance's main feature is again the role wears does not make the false face, the exorcism dance and the name of various kinds of local drama is vivid. Had reflected specifically China performing arts each stage's different appearance love by the dance to the play form development process in for the populace, have the specific national style and the local characteristics, spreads until now.

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Post time 2009-7-19 13:20:03 |Display all floors
Because social life complex complex and evolves day by day, the people implore with the repayment God object to be also many, already has “the natural god” and in the fable deity, also has deified in the historical outstanding character, even also has the ghosts and demons - - to ask it not to damage. However, in several thousand year Nuo matter activity, although Nuo art is unceasingly rich, is mainly the exorcism dance evolves the development unceasingly, opened the new world, caused it to grip the deep foundation in the populace, manifested its existence value. But, it receives religious and Confucianism as well as the different time, the different social class and so on witch, road, Buddha influence successively in the developing process, the content and formally already has reflects the masses desire and the request aspect, also has been doped the historical dregs, has the strong feudal superstition ingredient, many places Nuo have even become Taoism the carrier. Some sorcerer, the sorceress Nuo pray the early time the sacrificial offering ceremony which the god exorcises demons to change external appearances only, use for to be engaged in the feudal superstitious practice, has tarnished Nuo cultureimage, has caused modern Nuo culture several degrees declines. In the modern historical records and the local chronicle, the factor which is unsatisfactory to Nuo the culture also have the exposition and the critique. Therefore, we should abandon its dregs, takes its essence the manner, knows and the understanding Nuo culture original meaning, lets the ancient national culture glow the brilliance in the new historical period.
The exorcism dance was China ancient times big Nuo holds a memorial service for the ceremony dance, the later generation develops the entertaining folk dance gradually, widely current in places such as Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou, Anhui, Shandong, Hebei. Each area has the different name: The ghost, jumps Nuo, name of various kinds of local drama and so on, also famous to jump the god. The exorcism dance characteristic is: Generally the wooden false face, plays the role makes the ghosts and gods dance, shows the performance god the life experience fact. The exorcism dance may divide into Wen Nuo on its performance form and military Nuo. The article Nuo movement scope is small. Performs carefully rigorous, the life breath is thick, movement plain grave, elegant free and easy, the play structure program is thick; Military Nuo movement intense forceful, rough bold, the imposing manner is dignified, mood open and bright bold, rhythm warm sprightly. The exorcism dance may divide into the solo dance, the dance for two people, three people according to the performance population to dance, the group dancing and the small ballet. The exorcism dance gives a performance mostly selects material the myth fable and the historical literary reference, the content richly colorful like performance expels evil spirits by the epidemic disease "Quarries a mountain", "Clock kui", the historical novel legend character "Double Primary Court attendant", "Turns off Public memorial ceremony Knife", the development agriculture culture complex "Otter Seizes Carp Essence", the performance honors worships graceful and the ancestor "Paper money", "the God of thunder", "Jumps Stool", the hope propitious safe "the God of Wealth", "Four

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Post time 2009-7-19 13:20:18 |Display all floors
stars in the bowl of the big dipper", "And Gather", "Chicken Mouth", "Pig Mouth", has the reproduction worship "Nuo Male Nuo Husband's mother", has selects material from the folklore"Meng Jiangnyu Delivers Winter cloth", "the Bao Three Mothers And Flower Turns off Rope", performance fairy story "Ne zha", "Overflow Shahe", "Duke Guan" and so on. Take displays the God worship, the ancestor worship as the content exorcism dance. Movement rough agile and fierce, plain road vigor, both had the positive just beauty, and was rich in the romantic color, displayed primitive, naive, the clumsy plain religious emotion, the idea and the ideal. Other secularization exorcism dance's characteristic, take “near play, must really plays also” as the chief feature,
In the human common history, has experienced the nature worship, the totemism, the ancestor worship and the God worship stage, in spreads in until now exorcism dance performance, we saw what is the primitive worship and the life consciousness impulsion. The color gorgeous Nuo portrait, the modelling exaggeration Nuo the mask, the perspective will leave the primitive humanity heart's core deep sense of hardship and to the future happy pursue intense desire. Does not fade after several thousand years Nuo the culture. However, this mystical color's primitive dance and the folk art and many ancient cultural art are the same, are facing the impact which the modern civilization brings. These colorful original ecology resources while narrate ancestors story, is also undergoing the varying degree destruction. Manufactures in a rough way the replica spreads massively, because the genuine ancient mask actually cannot obtain protects effectively deteriorates, the harm. In some areas, Nuo culturetransposition, is changing flavor, its academic value also comes under the influence. As one primitive cultural shape, the name of various kinds of local drama holds the unreplaceable link in the human history culture path, but protects, the research and the development Nuo culture, bears the brunt is protects cultural the original ecology. This means that the exorcism dance cannot be separated from their livelihood village soil, but only becomes the spiritless view prize. We should preserve them, lets it be vital, because in the exorcism dance has the deep historical trail which the too many ancient times humanities passed through.
References

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Post time 2009-7-19 13:20:53 |Display all floors

Asian Social Science January, 2009

Han, Deming. (2006). Altogether Dances with God - the Maonan national minority Nuo Culture Inspection Sacrifice.Guangxi People's Publishing Agency.Liu, Jian. (2005). Religion and Dance. Nationality Publishing House. Yu, Ping. (2003). Chinese and Foreign Dance Thought Generally. People Music Publishing House.Zhang, Shumin. (2007). View on Eastern Dance Park. China Media University Publishing House.

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Post time 2009-7-19 13:37:00 |Display all floors

Elusive? This is about

Exorcism among in Chinese Folk Culture

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Post time 2009-7-19 13:38:30 |Display all floors

But, we feel a bit

fantastic.

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Post time 2009-7-19 19:15:47 |Display all floors

傩舞nuó,

an ancient festival to exorcise the devil causing any plague, in zhenjiang, hainan province
it is usually performed at festival of lanterns of Chinese spring festival

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