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反意疑问句 [Copy link] 中文

Post time 2008-11-3 07:54:28 |Display all floors
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Post time 2008-11-3 17:05:55 |Display all floors

反意疑问句用法归纳

Originally posted by jarryxzs at 2008-11-3 07:54
You must have heard about it,_____?
You must have watched that football match last night,_____?
How to fill in the blanks and why?



反意疑问句用法归纳


一、反意疑问句的一般情况
1.当陈述部分的主语是:等everyone, everybody, someone, no one, nobody, somebody合成代词时,附加疑问句的主语非正式文体中往往they用。(也可以按语法一致原则用单数。)

2.当陈述部分以one不定代词做主语时,附加问句的主语在正式常场用one,非正式场合用he。

3.当陈述部分的主语是不定式、动名词、从句、this或that,附加疑问句的主语用it。(是those, these则用they)

4.当陈述部分的主语是表示物的不定代词everything, anything, nothing等,附加问句的主语用 it。

5.陈述部分带有否定词或半否定词,例如:never, hardly, scarcely, seldom, no, none, no one, rarely, nowhere, nothing, nobody, few, little等,附加疑问句的动词要用肯定形式。

6.如果陈述部分中的否定词仅带有否定的前缀或后缀,那么该陈述句应作肯定句处理,附加疑问句应用否定形式。

二、常见句型的反意疑问句
7.当陈述部分是there be 存在句型时,附加疑问句的主语也用there。

8.感叹句的附加疑问句,其谓语要求用否定句。

9.祈使句后面的附加疑问句问题
A) 祈使句是否定形式,附加疑问句只能用will you。
B) 祈使句是肯定形式,附加疑问句用肯定、否定均可。
C) Let开头的祈使句要注意:
1.Let’s 在意义上包含谈话的对方在内,表示提出建议或征求对方意见,其反意疑问句往往用shall we。
2. Let us 在意义上一般不包含谈话的对方在内,表示请求对方允许做某事的含义,let 有allow的意思。附加疑问部分用will you。
3. Let me 开头表示请求,附加疑问句用will you,或用may I。

三、复合句的反意疑问句
10.当陈述部分是一个(带that引导宾语从句的)主从复合句时,附加疑问句的主谓要和主句的主谓保持对应关系。但是, 当陈述部分的主语是:I suppose, I think, I believe, I imagine, I expect等结构时,附加疑问句的主语和谓语要和从句的主语,谓语保持一致关系。而且要注意到否定的转移问题。

11.当陈述部分是I’m sure that,;we are sure;I’m afraid that;We are sure that;I feel sure that 等后面跟宾语从句时,反意疑问句与后面的宾语从句一致。

12.当陈述部分是并列句时,附加疑问句的主谓语要和离它最近的句子的主谓保持对应关系。

四、关于情态动词的反意疑问句
13.陈述部分中有have一词,且表示“所有”含义时,附加疑问句部分既可用have也可用do。

14.陈述部分中有have to,附加疑问句部分用do。

15.含有ought to 的反意疑问句,陈述部分是肯定的,疑问部分用shouldn't / oughtn't +主语。
 He ought to know what to do, oughtn't he? / shouldn't he?

16.陈述部分有used to,附加疑问句部分可用used 也可以用did 。

17.陈述部分有needn’t时,附加疑问句部分用need但有时也可用must。

18. 陈述部分有must,且表示“必须”时,附加疑问句部分用mustn’t,如果表示“必要”则用needn’t。

19.陈述部分中是mustn’t表示“禁止”时,附加疑问句部分用must。
陈述部分中的must表示“一定”、“想必”等推测意义时,附加疑问句部分而是根据陈述部分的谓语动词或其助动词来定。

20.陈述部分是I wish, 表示询问或征求意见,附加疑问部分用may I。

21.弄清陈述句中的’d rather = would rather;’d better = had better附加疑问句部分前者用would,后者用had。

其它特殊结构的反意疑问句
22.陈述部分的主语是each of...结构时,附加疑问句在强调整体时用they,当作个别时用he。

23.陈述部分有neither...nor...(either...or...)做并列主语,附加疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。
     Neither you nor I am engineer, are we?

24.陈述部分是:I’m ....结构,附加疑问句一般用aren’t I?

25.  陈述部分有had better + v. 疑问句部分用hadn't you?
   You'd better read it by yourself, hadn't you?

26.  陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn't +主语。
 He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn't he?

27.  陈述部分有You'd like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn't +主语。
 You'd like to go with me, wouldn't you?

28.  带情态动词dare或need的反意疑问句,疑问部分常用 need (dare ) +主语。
 We need not do it again, need we ?
 He dare not say so, dare you?
 当dare, need 为实义动词时,疑问部分用助动词do + 主语。
 She doesn't dare to go home alone, does she?

[ Last edited by marchsnow at 2008-11-3 05:09 PM ]

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Post time 2008-11-3 17:17:41 |Display all floors

补充一点

陈述部分用must(may, might) + have + V-ed表示推测时,若句中带有明显的过去时间的状语,问句部分动词用过去时形式。如:

①He might have forgotten his pen in the classroom yesterday, didn’t he?

(不用mightn’t he?/ hasn’t he?)

②You must have got up late this morning, didn’t you?(不用mustn’t you?/haven’t you?)

陈述部分用must(may, might) + have + V-ed表示推测时,若句中没有带明显的过去时间的状语,问句部分动词用现在完成时形式。如:

①Everyone must have known the death of the waitress, haven’t they? (不用mustn’t they?)

②You must have worked there a year ago, didn’t you?(不用mustn’t you?/ haven’t you?)

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Post time 2008-11-4 08:11:12 |Display all floors

万分感谢

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Post time 2008-11-5 05:08:05 |Display all floors
这些如此简单的语法问题就不用在这里发问了吧?自己从百度上都可以搜索到很详细的讲解的。

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Post time 2008-11-5 05:08:28 |Display all floors
不过你的好学态度还是值得肯定

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Post time 2008-11-5 08:11:01 |Display all floors

呵呵

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