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Problems That China Faces [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2007-7-16 07:46:25 |Display all floors
Although China is developing at a fast pace, there are some future problems that we need to think about.

What do you think these problems will be? I can think of two:
Flooding and an aging population.

What is the solution to these problems?

[ Last edited by changabula at 2007-7-16 08:02 AM ]
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Post time 2007-7-16 07:52:19 |Display all floors
More relief funds allocated to flood-hit areas
Source: Xinhuanet | 07-13-2007 10:24

BEIJING, July 12 (Xinhua) -- China's central government allocated another 95 million yuan (12.5 million U.S. dollars) on Thursday to fund disaster relief work in flood-hit Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan and Shanxi provinces, a spokesman of the Ministry of Civil Affairs said.

The government set aside 232 million yuan on Wednesday for these areas.

The people in flood-stricken areas have been properly relocated, according to the spokesman.

The central government also sent several working teams to flood-stricken areas to guide disaster relief work. One of the working teams, headed by civil affairs minister Li Xueju, arrived in Anhui on Wednesday.

Torrential rain began lashing the Huaihe River valley, the eastern area of Sichuan Province and the southern area of Shaanxi Province on June 28.

More than 66.3 million Chinese have been affected by floods this summer, with 360 people killed and direct economic losses of 24.3 billion yuan, according to latest figures from the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters.

A local boy carries a bag of wheat flour delivered by rescue workers at the Houhu Village of Fengtai County in east China's Anhui Province, July 12, 2007. (Xinhua Photo/Wang Lei)
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Post time 2007-7-16 07:56:03 |Display all floors
Local governments urged to prepare as China enters flood season
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Post time 2007-7-16 07:57:09 |Display all floors
What can China do about future flooding?
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Post time 2007-7-16 08:00:48 |Display all floors
China's Population: the Increasing Proportion of Elderly People

China’s population is projected to increase from around 1.3 billion people in 2001 to about 1.5 billion in 2040, after which it will start to decline slowly, if present fertility patterns are maintained. Over the next forty years China will have to deal with several problems as a result of the increasing population, described throughout the second part of this report (urbanisation, sustainable agriculture, environment, health). China also faces the important problems associated with the increasing proportion of elderly people, which is mainly due to decreasing fertility, though also decreasing mortality.

The proportion of those aged over 65 will increase from 7% of the population in 2000 to about 20% in 2040. Furthermore, the very old, those aged over 80, will increase from about 8 million to about 50 million. Matching this, there will be a decrease in the ratio of working age people to support each elderly person from 5 to 1 to 3 to 1. This essentially means that each working individual will be obliged to pay more to support the elderly as, to date, a market-oriented social security system has not succeeded in replacing the old all-encompassing state-run system. Of course, a market-oriented system will also face similar problems.

Young people between the ages of 10 and 24 constitute one-sixth of China’s total population. This age group, traditionally seen as the healthiest segment of society, is now threatened by the consequences of its own changing behavioural patterns and is increasingly at risk of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
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Post time 2007-7-16 08:02:44 |Display all floors
What can China do about an aging population?
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Post time 2007-7-16 08:05:23 |Display all floors
Aging population challenges China
Updated: 2004-06-09 10:56

China is well anticipated to become the second nation immediately after Japan that will suffer a rapid aging of its population in the coming decades, according to the Green Book of Population and Labor published Monday in Beijing.

Issued by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, or China's top think tank, the book focuses on issues related to the demographic transition now underway and the current educational development situation.

Compared with developed countries, China's aging problems will rapidly arise amid its comparatively poorer social and economic conditions, posing severe challenges to the country's lofty ambition of building an all-round well-off society.

Statistics show that, from 2000 to 2007, the number of Chinese people aged 65 or older will increase from the current less than 100 million to more than 200 million, up over 4 million per year and the aged will make up 14 percent of the total population.

But from 2028 to 2036, the number of the same group will surge from 200 million to over 300 million, indicating that the aged Chinese's total will increase by some 10 million each year and make up 20 percent of the nation's total population in the end.

A senior Chinese official claimed last month that China is moving closer to the point that is as much as it can bear.

An earlier New York Times article said that unless some drastic transitions happen in China's social policies, the country will surely become an aging society with ever faster steps than any other world powers in history.

So, China, like some other countries, is set to handle many tough challenges regarding aging-related issues like finance, society and productivity.

Hu Angang, one of China's top economists, said that finding ways to ensure the healthy development of China's aging society is the biggest challenge China would have to face this century, since China has to bear the same social burdens as rich countries with its poor-country income level.

According to the book, during their expected 71-year average life span, Chinese people will suffer 8 years of ill health on average, causing roaring long-term nursing expenditures. Moreover, with the speedy and large scale aging trend of the people, the resources that families and society use for daily support and medical care for the aged will also surge.

Spending increase for the aged will surely reduce the country's total deposits and thus reduce the general social investment, imposing a negative impact on the sustainable, coordinated, steady and fast development of the nation's economy.

China's current framework of the support of the aged will also confront historical challenges. There is no doubt that during the ongoing mechanism transitional process, the lack of a huge amount of pension, or only 44.9 percent of the urban employees and 85.4 percent of the retirees covered, remains a tough issue that more governmental efforts must focus on.

Because of the relatively high ratio of those aged from 15 to 59, or 67 percent of the total population, the burden on their shoulders to support the aged has begun to mount.

According to the book, it is a dire need to tighten management of the taxation and funds and the reform of both the urban and rural support system is pressing.

Experts said that with the downsizing of rural families and the decrease of farming income, issues should be put on the agenda to explore a rural support system of the aged that matches China's concrete situation.

But both Chinese society and families don't have efficient awareness of the potential crisis regarding the aged support issues, said experts. ... /content_337985.htm
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