Views: 3766|Replies: 6

[over]“被”什么时候用with什么时候用by [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 4

Post time 2007-5-29 17:19:01 |Display all floors
表示被动语态的时候,有时候用with,有时候有by, 我分不清它们的区别,请高手指点一下。比如下面这句用了with:

The town's drinking water was contaminated with poisnous chemicals.
----这个城市的饮用水被有毒化学物质污染了。

莫非是人的动作用by,物的动作用with?

[ Last edited by fxbird at 2007-5-31 09:03 AM ]

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 6Rank: 6

Post time 2007-5-29 17:27:48 |Display all floors

fyi

by一般强调的是施动者,化学品自身不会去污染。
with在这里是表示 充满了 for example: the surface is covered with snow.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 4

Post time 2007-5-30 09:06:08 |Display all floors
Originally posted by hly1234 at 2007-5-29 17:27
by一般强调的是施动者,化学品自身不会去污染。
with在这里是表示 充满了 for example: the surface is covered with snow.


with只表示充满了的被动吗?

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 4

Post time 2007-5-30 09:10:31 |Display all floors

关于被动语态

by+名词或代词强调行为的发出者,而with+名词或代词强调手段,方式,工具。所以with不能与表示人的名词或代词连用的。

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 4

Post time 2007-5-30 10:25:47 |Display all floors
Originally posted by robertking at 2007-5-30 09:10
by+名词或代词强调行为的发出者,而with+名词或代词强调手段,方式,工具。所以with不能与表示人的名词或代词连用的。

我举那个句子,也不能说是手段吧,却用了with

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 4

Post time 2007-5-30 15:24:36 |Display all floors

你举的例子用by或者是with都可以

The town's drinking water was contaminated by (with) poisnous chemicals.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 4

Post time 2007-5-31 09:03:09 |Display all floors
是这样,那谢谢了

Use magic tools Report

You can't reply post until you log in Log in | register

BACK TO THE TOP
Contact us:Tel: (86)010-84883548, Email: blog@chinadaily.com.cn
Blog announcement:| We reserve the right, and you authorize us, to use content, including words, photos and videos, which you provide to our blog
platform, for non-profit purposes on China Daily media, comprising newspaper, website, iPad and other social media accounts.