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中国英语专家敲定的常用中译英词组[转] [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2006-5-17 18:51:44 |Display all floors
汉译英常用动词及动宾词组
一、政治类:
1.  日益昌盛                                  become increasingly prosperous        
2.  快速发展                                        develop rapidly         
3.  隆重集会                                        gather ceremoniously           
4.  热爱和平                                  love peace
5.  追求进步                                        pursue progress     
6.  履行权利和义务          perform the responsibilities and obligations         
7.  回顾奋斗历程                                review the course of struggle   
8.  展望伟大征程                          look into the great journey
9.  充满信心和力量                         be filled with confidence and strength
10. 必胜                                          be bound to win                 
11. 主张各国政府采取行动            urge governments of all countries to take action
12. 和平共处                                        coexist peacefully
13. 对内开放和对外开放                open up both externally and internally                        
14. 经历两个不同时期                  experience two different periods      
15. 战胜无数的困难                        overcome numerous difficulties  
16. 赢得一个又一个胜利                win one victory after another              
17. 完全意识到                                be fully aware that            
18. 迈出重要的一步          make an important step
19. 采取各种措施            adopt various measures
20. 得出结论        ,告一段落                draw ( arrive at, come to  reach ) a conclusion               
21. 实现民族独立                                realize national independence  
22. 追求真理                seek the truth
23. 建立社会主义制度                        establish a socialist system   
24. 根除 (防止,消除)腐败                root out (prevent, eliminate) corruption
25. 响应号召                 respond to the call
26. 进入新时期                                  enter a new period           
27. 实行新政策                                practice new policies  
28. 展现生机和活力                         display one’s vigor and vitality         
29. 增强综合国力            enhance comprehensive(overall) national strength and
和国际竟争力            international competitiveness
30. 进入世界先进行列                  edge into the advanced ranks in the world     
31. 解决温饱问题                                solve the problem of food and clothing      
32. 吸收各国文明的先进成果        absorb what is advanced in other civilizations  
33. 与日俱增                                        increase every day
34. 实现夙愿                                        fulfill the long-cherished wishes  
35. 必将实现                                 be bound to come true            
36. 锻造一支人民军队                   forge a people’s army  
37. 建立巩固的国防                        build a strong national defense               
38. 进行和谈                                        hold peace talks                                           
39. 修改法律                amend the laws
40. 在...中起(至关)      play a major (crucial, an important ) role in
重要作用
41. 对...做出重要(巨大)贡献make important (great, major )contributions to  
42. 遵循规则                follow the principles
43. 把理论和实际结合起来                integrate theory with practice …
44. 把...作为指导                        take… as the guide        
45. 缓和紧张状况                                ease the tension
46. 高举伟大旗帜                         hold high the great banner     
47. 解决新问题                                resolve new problems  
48. 观察当今世界                                observe the present-day world                  
49. 开拓前进                                        open up new ways forward         
50. 增强凝聚力                                enhance the rally power
51. 结束暴力,开始和平谈判         end the violence and resume peace talks      
52. 进行战略性调整                         make strategic readjustment
53. 开始生效                go into effect / enter into force      
54. 就...接受妥协                        accept a compromise on
55. 接受...的采访                         be interviewed by   
56. 把……看成社会公敌                look upon … as a threat to society  
57. 把……捐给慈善机构                donate …to charities   
58. 维护世界和平                                maintain world peace   
59. 摆脱贫穷落后                                get rid of poverty and backwardness   
60. 实现发展繁荣                                bring about development and prosperity
61. 反对各种形式的恐怖主义        be opposed to all forms of terrorism
62. 宣布。。。召开                                announce the opening of
63. 对...具有深远的影响                have a far-reaching impact on
64. 面对...明显的缺陷                face up to the obvious defects of
65. 保护妇女权利部受侵犯    guarantee(protect ) women’s rights against infringement

二、经济类
1.  给...带来机遇和挑战                present (bring) both opportunities and challenges to  
2.  给...带来积极影响                bring a more positive impact on....  
3.  给予财政资助                                support financially      
4.  有巨大潜力                                have huge potential for
5.  开发 / 青睐中国市场             tap / favor the Chinese market  
6.  申请专利                                        apply for a patent
7.  阻碍...的经济发展            handicap (hamper) the economic development  
8.  增加农业投入                                invest more in agriculture
9.  有望达到(上升到)                be expected to reach  (rise to, be up to)   
10. 造成很大压力                         pose a big pressure on      
11. 占领市场10%                                occupy (take, account for ) 10 percent of the market  
12. 缩小...间的距离                        narrow the gap between   
13. 加快经济发展和结构调整        speed up economic development and restructuring   
14. 夺回失去的市场                          take back lost market      
15. 减轻...的负担                        reduce (lighten)  the burden of (on)  
16. 采取反垄断措施                     take anti-monopoly measures to            
17. 加快努力                                 speed up efforts to  
18. 在...建立分公司               set up branches in  
19. 促进改革                                        promote reform                                          
20. 面对可能的压力和竞争                face possible pressure and competition  
21. 充分利用                                  make full use of                 
22. 把。。。列为基本国策                list…..as fundamental national policies
23. 发挥自身优势                                give full play to one’s advantages  
24. 开拓市场                                        exploit markets  
25. 扩大消费市场                                expand consumption market
26. 改善投资环境                                improve the environment for investment  
27. 加强风险防范                                prepare oneself against possible risks  
28. 扩大贫富差距                                widen the gap between the rich and the poor
29. 为。。。提供巨大商机                 present huge business opportunities   
30. 快速稳定增长                                grow fast and steadily                     
31. 让...处于同一起跑线                put… on the same platform and at the same starting point  
32. 赶超先进                                        surpass the advanced
33. 遵循市场经济的规律                follow the law of market economy      
34. 根据市场作出调整                        gear ourselves to the market orientation  
35. 牟取暴利                                        seek excessive profits
36. 做好充分准备                                make good preparations for   
37. 对...造成/构成威胁    form /pose a threat to…      
38. 和...合作                                cooperate with
39. 和...进一步合作                    further cooperation with
40. 提高公务员工资                        raise the salaries of civil servants
41. 计算出准确的工资水平                figure out an exact salary level
42. 和...有合作关系                        have cooperative ties with
43. 从国外引进先进技术      introduce from abroad the advanced technology
和管理经验              and management expertise
44. 优胜劣汰                                        select the superior and eliminate the inferior  
45. 保证下岗职工的基本生活        guarantee the basic needs of laid-off workers  
46. 取缔非法收入                           ban unlawful incomes (ban illegal earnings)            
47. 深化改革                          deepen the reform                     
48. 控制通货膨胀                                control inflation (keep inflation under control)  
49. 让位于竞争需要                        give way to the need for competition  
50. 向...投资巨额资金                invest huge amounts of money into   
51. 损失惨重                                        suffer great losses
52. 制造假象                                        create smoke screens to do
53. 陷入困境                                        land oneself in deep trouble
54. 吸引外商投资                                attract foreign investment
55. 抓住机遇                                        seize opportunities
56. 适应...的发展                        adapt oneself to the development of
57. 被指控接受贿赂                        be accused of accepting bribes
58. 和。。。达成(签订)协议          reach(sign) an agreement with                      
59. 促进地区间的合作                        promote regional cooperation
60. 退还大量钱款                                give back an amount of money
61. 举报非法行为            disclose any illegal activities
62. 筹集足够的资金                        raise enough funds
63. 采取不同的办法                        adopt various methods
64. 承担风险                                        bear (take) risk
65. 创收外汇                                        earn foreign exchange (currency)
66. 活跃市场                                        enliven the market
67. 造成损失                                        cause a loss to
68. 十分重视                                        attach importance to
69. 制订...法律                                make a law of  (to)
70. 大力发展                                        strive to develop
71. 提高居民生活                 improve residents’ standard of living
72. 提高管理水平                 raise the management level
73. 加强管理                reinforce the management
74. 完善服务                perfect services
75. 刺激国内需求                                stimulate domestic demand
76. 打破垄断                                        break the monopoly
77. 加快竞争步伐                                accelerate the competition
78. 为当地人带来多种经济  bring multiple economic and social benefits to the local
和社会效益       people
79. 优先发展公共运输        give priority to the development of public
transportation
80. 调整产业结构            adjust the industrial structure

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三、文化类
1.  消除愚昧                                        eliminate ignorance
2.  扫除文盲                                        eliminate (wipe out ) illiteracy
3.  营造良好的文化环境                create a healthy cultural environment
4.  促进文化市场健康发展        facilitate the sound development of the markets for cultural products
5.  开展对外文化交流        conduct cultural exchange with other countries
6.  博采各国文化之长        draw on strong point of the cultures of other countries
7.  开展群众性文化活动        carry out mass activities on culture
8.  保护文化遗产        protect cultural heritage
9.  继承历史文化优秀传统        carry on the fine cultural traditions handed from history
        carry on the fine historical and cultural traditions
10. 繁荣文学艺术        enable literature and art to flourish
promote flourishing literature and art
11. 举行每年一次的学术会议        hold an annual academic meeting
12. 尊重知识,尊重人才                respect knowledge and respect competent people
13. 向世界展示中国文化      introduce China’s achievements of cultural advancement to
        建设的成就                                the world
14. 加强文化基础设施建设                build more cultural establishments
15. 提倡文明的生活方式                advocate civilized lifestyle(way of life)
16. 不注重历史              neglect history                                                                                          
17. 推动人类文明进步                        push forward human civilization
18. 对。。。持欢迎态度        take a welcoming attitude to
19. 与各国人民交往        communicate with people of all countries
20. 和。。。持相同观点        share views similar to
21. 促进儿童身心健康发展        promote the healthy development of children both physically and mentally
22. 改进教学        improve teaching and learning
23. 保护文化遗产        protect cultural relics
24. 触击现行法律的盲区        touch a blank area of the existing law
25. 增强自我保护意识        strengthen one’s awareness of protecting one’s right
26. 列为世界自然文化遗产    list …as a world natural heritage site
27. 以全新的面貌进入新世纪         enter the new century with a brand-new colorful look
28. 普及科普知识,传播科学  popularize scientific and technological knowledge, spread
思想,倡导科学精神      scientific thought and advocate the scientific spirit
29. 提高公务员的综合素质        improve the overall quality of civil servants
30. 通过资格考试        pass qualification examinations
31. 举办文化节 / 展览会        hold (conduct, give) cultural festivals / an exhibition
32. 普及九年制义务教育      make nine-year compulsory education universal
33. 精心编写教材                                compile the textbooks with great care
34 承担应有的义务        undertake the due obligations
35. 促进相互了解        enhance (further) mutual understanding
36. 相互促进        help each other forward
37. 互派访问学者        exchange visiting scholars
38. 交换意见        exchange views (ideas, opinions)
39. 反映中国的灿烂文化      reflect the rich culture of China
40. 容纳三千名旅客          accommodate 3000 passengers
41. 发挥...的聪明才智        develop one’s own talents and wisdom
42. 充分发挥知识分子的   give full play to the initiative and creativity of intellectuals
积极性和创造性       
43. 开设课程        offer courses
44. 重视实用性        place stress on practicality
45. 制止盗版软件        control the pirated software
46. 提供受教育机会        offer a chance of education
47. 有力地推动教育的发展        give a big push to the development of education
48. 承前启后,继往开来      build on the past and prepare for the future;
                            inherit the past and usher in the future
49. 物质文明,精神文明一起抓 pay equal attention to the material progress and cultural progress
50. 形成文明、健康、崇尚    form civilized, healthy and science - upholding social practice
科学的社会风尚

四、生态环保类
1.        保护和改善生活和生态环境 protect and improve the living environment and the            
ecological environment
2.  保护珍贵动植物                        protect rare animals and plants
3.  普及环保知识                                popularize environmental protection knowledge
4.  增强环境意识        enhance the awareness of the importance of (raise the consciousness about) environmental protection
5.  改善生态环境        improve the eco-environment
6.  加强生态建设        improve the eco-construction
7.  防治污染         prevent and control pollution
8.  加强水土保持        reinforce the conservation of water and soil
9.  加强城市绿化        strengthen the greening of the city
10. 提高环境管理水平        raise the environmental management level
11. 享受国家一级保护        enjoy first-class protection of the State
12. 加强环境保护        strengthen environmental protection  
13. 保持生态平衡        keep ecological balance
14. 创造良好的生态环境        create a pleasant ecological environment
15. 采用环保技术        adopt environmental protection technique
16. 开展保护野生动物        advocate to educate the public the protection of wild animals

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续[End]

宣传教育
17. 开展绿色活动               advocate green activities
18. 为大量野生动植物提供栖息地     provide habitats for a huge number of wild animals
and plants
19. 为人类提供水和食物             supply water and food for human beings
20. 非常注重保护森林                pay great attention to the conservation of forest
21. 产生巨大的水文效应              produce great hydrological effects
22. 引发一系列的问题                result in a series of problems
23. 帮助减缓全球变暖速度            help slow down the pace of global warming
24. 保留为自然耕地                 reserve as natural farmland
25. 提高居民的环保和生态意识         improve residents’ environmental and ecological awareness   
26. 进一步加快环保规划             further speed up environmental protection plans
27. 完善城市基础设施建设           perfect the construction of urban infrastructure
28. 促进城市可持续发展             promote the sustainable development of the city
29. 符合举办奥运会的要求           meet the requirements of hosting the Olympic Games
30. 扩建管道网络                   expand the pipe network
31. 淘汰或改造燃煤锅炉             eliminate or convert coal-burning boilers
32. 禁止露天焚烧                   prohibit burning out in the open
33. 发展太阳能                     develop solar energy
34. 提高清洁能源的比重             increase the supply of clean energy resources
35. 减少机动车辆                   reduce the number of vehicles
36. 使用清洁能源                   burn clean fuel
37. 实行严格的机动车排放标准       implement strict vehicle emission standards
38. 关闭化工厂                     close chemical plants
39. 减少浪费                       reduce waste
40. 加大污染治理力度               strengthen pollution control
41. 治理沙地和水土流失问题         tackle the problems of sand and soil erosion
42. 加强珍稀野生动植物的保护工作   protect rare wild animals and plants
43. 崇尚绿色生活方式               pursue a “green” life
44. 使用再生纸                     use recycle paper
45. 参加环保运动                   take part in environmental protection activities
46. 坚持门前三包制度               adhere to “the three responsibilities in the gate area’
47. 参加城市重建                   participate in the reconstruction of the city
48. 注重节约资源                   attach importance to saving resources
49. 采用新的开采方法               apply new exploitation methods
50. 削减污物排放                   decrease the disposal of pollutants

五、人口类
1. 进行全国人口普查                                 carry out national population census       
2. 总人口为…                    have a population of …
3. 缩小代沟                      narrow the gap
4. 重视人口老年化问题            pay attention to the problem of an aging population
5. 调查性和婚姻状况              conduct a survey on sex and marriage
6. 展示明显的差异                display a marked difference
7. 反映人们的私生活              reflect people’s private lives
8. 占总人口的10%                account for 10% of the total population
9. 实现向低出生、低死亡、低自然  bring about a transition to the modern population
增长的现代人口再生产           reproduction pattern characterized by a low birth rate,
类型的转变                     low death rate and low natural growth rate
10. 过孤独的生活                  lead an isolated life
11. 城市人口比例上升              the population of urban residents rose by …
12. 征求父母的意见                ask for her parents’ opinion
13. 造成不同的思想和观念          result in a different ideology and concepts
14. 对子女寄予厚望                pin great hopes on their children
15. 享受优越的生活条件            enjoy good living condition
16. 挣零花钱                      earn their pocket money
17. 逐渐削弱长辈的权威            undermine the authority of the older generation
18. 不服从父母                    disobey their parents
19. 人口死亡率下降….              the death rate of the population decrease from … to …
20. 居民的平均预期寿命提高              he people’s life - expectancy on average is raised
21. 正确处理经济发展同人口、      correctly handle the relationship of economic
资源、环境的关系              development versus(with )population,natural
resources and environment
22. 鼓励创建文明家庭            encourage the idea of “Civilized Families”
23. 拒绝生小孩                  refuse to have a child
24. 提出离婚                    ask for a divorce
25. 和睦相处                    live in harmony
26. 倡导人力资源管理            advocate the management of human resources
27. 损害人类社会的道德观        damage the morality of human society
28. 开辟人类历史新纪元          start a new chapter in the history of human
29. 禁止他人作克隆人的实验      inhibit others from doing human cloning experiments
30. 造福人类和科学              benefit mankind and science
31. 控制人口数量(增长)                        control the population size (growth)
32. 控制人口出生率                                control birth rate
33. 提高人口素质                                        improve the population quality
34. 晚婚晚育                                                marry late and have children late
                                                                (delayed marriage and delayed child bearing )
35. 优化人口结构                                        optimize the population structure
36. 优生优育                                                bear and rear better children
37. 尊重和保障人权                                respect and guarantee human rights
38. 维护和促进人民的生存权      safeguard and promote the people’s rights to subsistence
    和发展权                    and development
39. 提倡晚婚晚育                encourage late marriage and late childbirth
40 坚持计划生育的基本国策       stick to the basic state policy for family planning

六、体育类
1. 创立更多的(新的)世界纪录    set more (a new) world record
2. 抢得六个篮板球,助攻六次      have six rebounds and six assists
3. 向世界顶级球队学习            learn from the world’s top teams
4. 展示中国足球的最新发展        demonstrate (show) the latest development of China’s soccer
5. 满意抽签结果                  satisfy with the draw
6. 取得世界杯决赛资格            qualify for the World Cup finals
7. 标志一个历史时刻              mark a historic time
8. 角逐世界杯                    compete for the World Cup
9. 避免与…比赛                  avoid playing against
10. 面对强手                     face strong rivals
11. 挑选选手                     choose players
12. 与强队竞争                   compete with strong teams
13. 抓住练习和学习的机会         grasp the chance to practise and learn
14. 表现完美                     give some very good performance
15. 同教练反应一致               share the same reaction with their coach
16. 取得经验                     gain experience
17. 展示技能                     demonstrate their skills
18. 打败比利时队                 defeat Belgium
19. 获得团体冠军                 win the team title
20. 充当中国国家队主教练         serve as the head coach of the Chinese national team
21. 急于获胜                     gain an eagerness to win
22. 实行11分、五战三胜制        play under the 11-point, best-of-five-sets format
23. 主办中国大学生篮球联赛     sponsor the China University Basketball Association league
24. 吸引中国大学生优秀选手       attract China’s top university players
25. 获得认可                     gain recognition
26. 打破恶性循环                 break the wretched cycle
27. 采取新的计分方法             adopt a new scoring system
28. 更具进攻性                   become more aggressive
29. 失去男子单打冠军             miss out on men’s singles gold
30. 与对手较量                   take on an opponent
31. 参加热身赛                   take part in a key warm-up game
32. 建立职业联赛和俱乐部         set up a professional league and clubs
33. 主办2008年奥运会            host the 2008 Olympic Games
34. 提高中国队的水平              raise the level of the Chinese team
35. 支持北京申办2008年奥运会     support Beijing’s bid for the 2008 Olympic Games
36. 参加申办活动                 participate in the bidding campaign
37. 蹦的                         dance in discos       
38. 提出比赛建议                 make comments on the contests
39. 反对使用兴奋剂               oppose the use of performance-enhancing drugs
40. 增进友谊                     strengthen friendship
41. 为奥林匹克运动做出贡献              make contribution to the Olympics movement and world peace
42. 配备各种设施                 furnish and equip with all facilities
43. 超过世界记录                 surpass the world record
44. 参加火炬接力                 participate in the torch-relay
45. 达到国际体育标准             reach the standard for international games
46. 成为国家的骄傲               become the pride of the nation
47. 使中国以3∶2取胜            give the Chinese a 3-2 victory
48. 确保中国进入决赛             ensure China’s appearance in the final
49. 鸣笛终止比赛                 blow a whistle to stop the end of the match
50. 打破世界纪录                 break the world record  (for swimming )











____
以上供大家参考与讨论。

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Rank: 4

Post time 2006-5-17 19:30:35 |Display all floors
首先谢谢Coolmax!
这些短语都时尚也很实用,我不敢妄加评论,毕竟出自专家之手!

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Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2006-5-17 19:32:51 |Display all floors
17. 开展绿色活动               advocate green activities
翻译有问题,再怎么样,advocate 都没有“开展”这层意思。

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Rank: 6Rank: 6

Post time 2006-5-17 19:44:03 |Display all floors
27. 实行新政策 practice new policies

usually people say "implement" new policies rather than "practice".

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Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2006-5-17 19:48:10 |Display all floors
Originally posted by ptbptb at 2006-5-17 19:44
27. 实行新政策 practice new policies

usually people say "implement" new policies rather than "practice".



practice应该没问题的。

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