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China able to ensure food security despite coronavirus impact [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2020-4-5 17:48:50 |Display all floors

Aerial photo taken on March 27, 2020 shows farmers harvesting Choy sum, or Chinese flowering, in Damazhuang Village in central China's Henan Province.

Chinese officials said Saturday that the country can hold firm its "rice bowl" despite the novel coronavirus impact, with ample grain reserves and measures to boost production.

The country has recorded a long streak of bumper years, with grain output reaching a record of 663.85 million tons last year. With measures to boost grain production "we have the confidence and determination to hold firm our 'rice bowl,'" Pan Wenbo, an official at the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, told a press conference.

The bumper harvests supported the country's efforts to boost social and economic development as well as fight the novel coronavirus outbreak, Pan said in response to questions that whether some countries' grain export ban would strain China's grain supply.

Pan said China has unveiled a series of "unconventional measures" to stabilize grain production, including setting region-specific grain plantation targets, offering subsidies for farmers and raising minimum prices for state procurement of rice, which secured a good start this year and would ensure stable grain production for the whole year.

The country's grain reserves have run at a high level, with those of rice and wheat being sufficient to meet the country's consumer market demand for one year, said Qin Yuyun, an official with the National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration.

Qin said the administration will continue efforts to ensure abundant supply and stable prices.

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Post time 2020-4-6 00:06:49 |Display all floors
Food supply is never an issue for China, though grain imports have been growing over the past decades. It's a long-standing policy to ensure food security for the population, with the capacity for self-supplying and self-sufficency being well maintained, and I don't think the Chinese would have to ensure any hardship without soy beans. lol
Believe it or not, it's true.

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Post time 2020-4-6 23:42:14 |Display all floors
The United States has long been a superpower in food markets – and it is still the world's largest food exporter. China always out-produces the U.S., and in some years India produces more food than the U.S., but China and India also end up consuming much more of their own products. This makes sense since China and India have the world's largest populations by a wide margin.

These three countries (the U.S., China, and India) each produce more food than the entire European Union put together. In fourth place is Brazil; its food industry tilts heavily towards sugarcane, soybeans, and beef.

One country noticeably missing from the list is Russia, the largest country in the world and home to the ninth-largest population. Russia is partially a victim of its own harsh northern climate. A huge percentage of the Russian territory is neither farmable nor pasturable. Russia also has a history of low-output farms.

1. China
Easily topping the list is China, which is the world's biggest producer, importer, and consumer of food. Much of China's land is too mountainous or too arid for farming, but the rich soils of the eastern and southern regions are extremely productive. China also has the world's largest food workforce, with some estimates as high as 315 million laborers. To put this number in perspective, the U.S. is the world's third most populous country with 329 million people, as of 2019.

China is the most prolific producer of an impressive list of foods: rice, wheat, potatoes, lettuce, onions, cabbage, green beans, broccoli, eggplant, spinach, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkins, pears, grapes, apples, peaches, plums, watermelons, sheep milk, chicken, pork, sheep, goat, peanuts, eggs, fish and honey.

2. India
In terms of total calorie content, India is the second-largest food producer in the world. When measured by the total value of agricultural production instead, India drops to fourth place and produces less than half of China's total output. Farm productivity in India is also far lower than in China, the U.S. or Brazil.

India has another problem: Many of its citizens are too poor to purchase the food it produces. There have been major strides in this century as the Indian economy emerges, but many experts worry the Indian population is growing even faster. At 1.37 billion people, as of 2019, with a very high birth rate, India is expected to eclipse China as the world's largest population.

3. The United States
No country produces food as efficiently as the U.S. Despite having a significantly smaller workforce than China, total U.S. agricultural product is almost as high. Food production is spread across much of the country, but the largest food-producing states include California, Iowa, Texas, Nebraska and Illinois.

American companies dominate the food export market. Second-place Netherlands exports 35% less than the U.S. and is closer to tenth-place China in terms of international products. The U.S. has been the world's largest exporter of food for a very long time thanks to an increasingly productive farming sector. In fact, the total food production in the U.S. has more than doubled in the post-war period.

4. Brazil
The Brazilian economy has historically centered on agriculture, particularly sugarcane, dating back to its time as a European colony. At least 31% of Brazil is used as cropland, largely to produce coffee, sugarcane, soybeans, and corn. Brazil is also a major producer of oranges, pineapples, papaya, and coconuts thanks to its warm, fruit-friendly climate. The country also ranks second (behind the U.S.) in total beef output.

While the U.S. and India may switch ranks, and Brazil may be replaced by another country based on how the production is measured, China remains a
Anger is an acid that can do more harm to the vessel in which it is stored than to anything on which it is poured. Mark Twain

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