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Half of the biggest corporations in the world disappeared in the first half of the 20th century; many did not even last thirty years. |
Boeing grew on the back of the superfortress contract in wwII plus G2G pressure. Airbus grew because it was a consortium with aircraft segment specializations by country.
Both are having their day now only because they have large traditional buyers and industry-specific funders.
And since there are only two, who can believe they would not have struck a pact between themselves in such a way neither gets price pressure from hyper-competition that would ruin their bottom-lines and jeopardize future development?
The Boeing and Airbus of the 20th century will continue into the 21st century at apex level only if airlines continue to believe and be locked into them in the same way many bankers had locked into IBM to play safe even at extra cost.
Another time, those business case reports in the web on airlines, boeing, airbus, support industries, future of travel, etc.
The key question here is - whether for aircraft or for automobiles - who ultimately determines most the health and therefore the future actions of mono-suppliers? These mono-suppliers monopolize the supply but they are public-listed however government-controlled. That's two underlying drivers with different objectives.
The public-listing says make more money so that stock market analysts can recommend more people to buy the shares, driving up their price and earning bigger dividends and higher value holdings.
The government control is to win for itself more taxation on those suppliers and more political clout with voters for having succeeded in helping the suppliers to get more business and therefore more employment - provided IP is maintained.
Yet what is an automobile, an aircraft, a carrier, a satellite, a computer? Each is just made of parts with different functions however integrated to deliver specific controllable actions with fail-safe backups.
Let's say we know nothing about an aircraft. Just youtube the flight disaster series to get an idea what an aircraft is made up of. Essentially the engine, avionics and hydraulics coupled together under software control and held by a skin of aluminized alloy. If i can write that in one sentence, you can imagine it in one second. If cannot, please go away but first return to me my Long March medals and Pour Le Merite award.
Next ask how to design and make the parts of the engine, the avionics, the hydraulics, the software and the materials. Don't get distracted by the chairs, the cushion, the kitchenette or the air stewardess. Those can come later. Just focus on those essentials.
Your analysis will conclude that what is made out to be impossibly complex is understandable in very simple terms but for one challenge. How to make the right chips and how to integrate every component together.
Of course, the avionics include sensors and actuators, and the hydraulics must take accommodate effects of extreme temperatures at high altitudes, and the engine must not stall under any conditions while being aviation-fuel sparse in usage, and the aircraft must be streamlined for hydrodynamic efficiency.
But these are just sub-challenges which can be tackled by the vast human resources - at your nationally important disposal.
What for an aircraft, an automobile, a ship, a satellite....
Sometimes they design things to make them look too complicated in order to discourage others from trying to do the same. But then less parts easier maintenance lower cost higher profit.