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Loanwords in your mother tongue [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2014-7-1 19:15:00 |Display all floors
Language evolution is a fantastic process in which some foreign words are absorbed into a language, and it is regarded as a kind of cultural exchange. In Chinese, there are many loanwords, such as "拜拜" (bye bye), "可口可乐" (Coca-cola), "咖啡" (coffee), "黑客" (hacker), "卡通" (cartoon), to name but a few. These words are so frequently used that few people know that they are borrowed from foreign languages. Welcome to list more loanwords in your mother tongue and let's capture beauty of languages.


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Post time 2014-7-1 20:04:38 |Display all floors
Some words from Scottish-Irish gaelic used in English, that I am familiar with.
smidgen = tiny little bit of something.
wee = small.
shanty = old house.
strath = meaning wide valley, used in place names.
caber = a telephone pole Scotsmen throw at each other for fun.
cairn = monument, pile of stones.
clan = family.
hurl = throw.
laddie and lassie = boy and girl.
links = sandy rolling hills, as in golf links.
golf = a game invented in Scotland.
sassenach = Englander.

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Post time 2014-7-2 00:23:01 |Display all floors
沙发(sofa) 坦克(tank) 麦克风(microphone)……

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Post time 2014-7-2 10:30:05 |Display all floors
It would be hard to list all the loan words of the English language (about 80k words from French, 80k words from Latin, 75k words from German).

As for my mother tongue, French, about 80% is derived from Latin and 20% borrowed to other languages (mainly Greek).
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Post time 2014-7-2 10:35:20 |Display all floors
You can get a list of English words of foreign origin here : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lis ... _language_of_origin
Specifically of Chinese origin here : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lis ... s_of_Chinese_origin
And for a list of loanwords in Chinese :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_loanwords_in_Chinese
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Post time 2014-7-2 12:17:34 |Display all floors
Buzz: from the bee
Twitter: from the bird
Arf: from the dog
Meow: from the kitty cat
Tick tock: from the clock

All are what is known as an "onomatopoeia" in English.
The word sounds like what it is trying to describe.
Origin in Greek:  "onoma" = name + "poiein" = to make

101 examples from the internet:
    The sheep went, “Baa.”
    The best part about music class is that you can bang on the drum.
    It is not unusual for a dog to bark when visitors arrive.
    Silence your cellphone so that it does not beep during the movie.
    Dad released a belch from the pit of his stomach.
    The bridge collapsed creating a tremendous boom.
    The large dog said, “Bow-wow!”
    Are you afraid of things that go bump in the night?
    My brother can burp the alphabet.
    Both bees and buzzers buzz.
    The cash register popped open with a heart warming ca-ching.
    The bird’s chirp filled the empty night air.
    Her heels clacked on the hardwood floor.
    The clanging pots and pans awoke the baby.
    If you want the red team to win, clap your hands right now!
    The cadets swelled with pride when they heard the clash of the symbols at their graduation ceremony.
    The dishes fell to the floor with a clatter.
    Nothing annoys me more than rapidly clicking your pen.
    The bride and groom were not surprised to hear the familiar sound of clinking glasses.
    The horse’s hooves clip-clopped on the cobblestones.
    Those clucking chickens are driving me crazy!
    The dim-witted pigeon repulsed us with its nerve crawling coo.
    If you’re going to cough, please cover your mouth.
    The prisoner was terrified to hear the crack of the whip.
    We roasted marshmallows over the crackling fire.
    The two-year old crashed into the cabinet.
    The cabinet opened with a distinct creak.
    Dissatisfied with her work, Beth crinkled up the paper and threw it in the trash.
    The swamp frogs croaked in unison.
    The teacher heard the distinct crunch of ruffled potato chips.
    Jacob could not sleep with the steady drip-drop of water coming from the sink.
    The root beer fizzed over the top of the mug.
    The flag flapped in wind.
    Did you forget to flush the toilet?
    Daryl gargled the mouthwash.
    The wounded soldier groaned.
    As Tom got closer, the dog began growling.
    Juan had a hard time hearing the teacher over his grumbling stomach.
    When Mom asked Tommy how his day went, Tommy just grunted.
    Vince gulped down the Mountain Dew.
    The patient sounded like he was hacking up a lung.
    If you have the hiccups, you should try drink a glass of water.
    The snake slithered and hissed.
    If you see anyone coming, honk your horn.
    The wolves howled at the moon.
    The new pencil sharpener hummed efficiently.
    They knew that the principal was coming because they heard the jingle of his keys.
    Someone is knocking on the door.
    That cat will keep meowing until you pet it.
    John was disturbed by the strange moaning.
    The cow aggressively mooed at the passing freight train.
    Janet murmured the answer under her breath.
    While lounging in the slop pile, the pigs oinked excitedly.
    The hail pattered on the tin gutter.
    When he saw the cheese, the mouse could not help but to peep excitedly.
    The lunch lady plopped a scoop of something on Kristen’s tray.
    Billy will cry if you pop his balloon.
    After eating the knight, the dragon let out a puff of smoke.
    Most cats purr if you pet them behind the ears.
    The kind man shared his bread with the quacking ducks.
    My favorite singers have raspy voices.
    Tim would have stepped on the snake had he not heard the rattle of its tail.
    The race-car driver revved his engine.
    Our peaceful dinner ended when the phone began ringing.
    I secretly ripped up the birthday checks that my grandmother sent me.
    The lion’s mighty roar could be heard across the Savannah.
    The earthquake rumbled the foundations of our house.
    When the wind blew the leaves rustled.
    He took off so quickly that his tires screeched.
    When Reuben saw what he thought was a ghost, he shrieked like a woman.
    I love the sound of bacon sizzling on a weekend.
    You could hear the slap echo across the valley.
    The thirsty dog slurped the dirty water from the puddle.
    The young girl smacked her lips and spoke rudely.
    Frank smashed the can on his head.
    After making a rude remark, Jade snapped her fingers and rolled her neck.
    Having never left the city, Juan eagerly sniffed the country air.
    Tommy made me laugh so hard in the lunchroom that I snorted milk out of my nose.
    The paintball splattered against the windshield.
    Fat Pat did a cannonball in the pool and made a big splash.
    Mr. Morton told the student to spit out his gum.
    Angie sprayed her neighbor with the hose.
    Mark tried sneaking in the house but the squeak of his shoes woke up Mom.
    Jenna ran around the lunchroom squealing like a pig.
    When he sat down, the young boy squished the unfortunate critter in his pocket.
    The musician used a coin to strum the guitar.
    Shaun loved the swish of the basketball net.
    Mitchel gently tapped the ball into the hole.
    Time just keeps on ticking.
    Bobby threw his books down with a thud.
    That thump made us jump.
    If you see him, toot your horn.
    The rain trickled down the gutter.
    Birds tweeted long before Twitter did.
    The lawyer chased after the wail of the sirens.
    The bullet whizzed by his ear.
    Bob’s big dogs woofed at the unfortunate mail main.
    Beth’s little dog would not stop yapping.
    Spaceman Spiff zapped the alien with his ray-gun.
    Ronald zipped up his sleeping bag.
    The race car zoomed past the finish line.
If capitalism promotes innovation and creativity then why aren't scientists and artists the richest people in a capitalist nation?

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Post time 2014-7-3 09:29:02 |Display all floors
Can we say that "no zuo no die" is borrowed from Chinese by west?

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